Clinacanthus nutans

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Clinacanthus nutans
U-turn grass in Singapore.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Clinacanthus
Species: C. nutans
Binomial name
Clinacanthus nutans

Clinacanthus nutans is a species of plant in Acanthaceae family. It is also known by the common names belalai gajah (Malay), phaya yo (Thai), Sabah snake grass, ki tajam (Sunda), and dandang gendis (Jawa). This plant is used in the traditional herbal medicines of Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and China.[1][2] It has been used in Indonesia in the treatment of dysentery and diabetes.[3]


C. nutans is a herbaceous plant that grows in low shrubs up to 2.5 meters high. Its stems are green, woody, upright and cylindrical. Its leaves are green, simple, lanceolate with pointed tips and rounded bases, and are 8–12 mm long and 4–6 cm wide. Its flowers are red and panicle-shaped, with tube-shaped elongated petals 3.5 cm long.[4]


  1. ^ Alam, Ariful; Ferdosh, Sahena; Ghafoor, Kashif; Hakim, Abdul; Juraimi, Abdul Shukor; Khatib, Alfi; Sarker, Zaidul I. (2016). "Clinacanthus nutans: A review of the medicinal uses, pharmacology and phytochemistry". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 9 (4): 402. doi:10.1016/j.apjtm.2016.03.011. PMID 27086161.
  2. ^ Aslam, Muhammad Shahzad; Ahmad, Muhammad Syarhabil; Mamat, Awang Soh. (2015). "A Review on phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Clinacanthus nutans". International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 7 (2): 30.
  3. ^ Hariana, H.Arief (2008). Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya (2 ed.). Penebar Swadaya. pp. 56–57. ISBN 9794899577.
  4. ^ Nantana Sittichai; Chayan Picheansoothon, eds. (2014). Herbal Medicines Used in Primary Health Care in ASEAN. Department for Development of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine. p. 123. ISBN 9786161122119.