16 March 1954
Dartford, Kent, England
|Died||21 February 2012
HM Prison Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England
|Cause of death||Pulmonary fibrosis|
|Other names||The Gay Slayer|
|Criminal penalty||Five counts of life imprisonment|
Span of killings
|8 March 1993–12 June 1993|
|21 July 1993|
Colin Ireland (16 March 1954 – 21 February 2012) was a British serial killer known as the Gay Slayer because his victims were homosexual men.
Ireland suffered a severely dysfunctional upbringing. He committed various crimes from age 16 and had served time in borstals and prisons. Criminologist David Wilson stated that Ireland was a psychopath.
While living in Southend, he started frequenting the Coleherne pub, a gay pub in west London. It was known as a place where men cruised for sexual partners and wore colour-coded handkerchiefs that indicated their preferred role. Ireland sought men who liked the passive role and sadomasochism, so he could readily restrain them as they initially believed it was a sexual game.
Ireland said he was heterosexual – he had been married twice – and that he pretended to be gay only to befriend potential victims. Ireland claimed that his motives were not sexually motivated. He was highly organised, and carried a full murder kit of rope and handcuffs and a full change of clothes to each murder. After killing his victim he cleaned the flat of any forensic evidence linking him to the scene and stayed in the flat until morning in order to avoid arousing suspicion from leaving in the middle of the night.
He was jailed for life for the murders in December 1993 and remained imprisoned until his death in February 2012, at the age of 57.
Ireland was born in Dartford, Kent to an unmarried teenage couple. Shortly after his birth, his father left him and his 17-year-old mother. He is not named on his birth certificate and Ireland did not know his identity. He was raised in poverty by his mother; they moved many times. In the early 1960s, she married. When she became pregnant, she put Ireland into care; he later returned to her. In 1966 she married another man. During the 1960s in Sheerness, Kent, Ireland was propositioned on three occasions and spied on once by men who were sexually attracted to him. In his mid-teens, he was sent to borstal for theft and whilst there deliberately set fire to another resident's belongings. At age 17, Ireland was convicted of robbery. He escaped and was returned to borstal.
Ireland had been a soldier and had a series of manual jobs. In December 1975 he was convicted of car theft, criminal damage and two burglaries, for which he was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment. He was released in November 1976 and moved to Swindon, Wiltshire. He lived with a black West Indian woman and her children for a few months. In 1977, he was convicted of extortion, for which he was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment. In 1980, he was convicted of robbery, for which he was sentenced to two years imprisonment. in 1981, he was convicted of attempted deception. In 1982, he married Virginia Zammit; the couple and her daughter lived in Holloway, London. In 1985, he was convicted of going equipped and sentenced to six months imprisonment. He divorced in 1987 after his wife discovered that he cheated on her. In 1989 in Devon he married Janet Young; he was violent towards her and stole from her. In the early 1990s they separated; she and her children became homeless. He moved to Southend-on-Sea, where he became homeless and lived in a hostel. He later moved to a flat in the town and lived there whilst visiting a London gay bar where he found his victims.
Peter Walker, a 45-year-old choreographer who liked Sadomasochism, took Ireland back to his flat in Battersea. There he was bound, and ultimately suffocated by a plastic bag being placed over his head.
Ireland placed two teddy bears in a 69 position on the body. Ireland left Walker's dogs locked in another room. The day after the murder, having heard no news reports of the crime, he called Samaritans and a journalist from The Sun newspaper, advising them of the dogs, and that he had murdered their owner.
Dunn was a 37-year-old librarian who lived in Wealdstone. Dunn was found naked in a harness, his death was initially believed to be an accident that occurred during an erotic game. In addition, because he lived in a different area from Walker, a different set of investigators worked on the case. For these reasons the death was not linked to Walker's.
Perry Bradley III
The two men returned to Bradley's flat, where Ireland suggested that he tie Bradley up. Bradley expressed his displeasure at the idea of sado-masochism. In order to get Bradley to comply, Ireland told Bradley that he was unable to perform sexually without elements of bondage. Bradley hesitantly cooperated and was soon trussed up on his own bed, face down, with a noose around his neck.
After Ireland had secured Bradley, he demanded money from him and demanded his PIN under the threat of torture. Ireland assured Bradley that he was merely a thief and would leave after stealing Bradley's money. After Bradley gave Ireland his PIN, which Ireland later used to steal £200, along with £100 in cash stolen from Bradley's flat, Ireland told Bradley that he should go to sleep, as he wouldn't be leaving his flat for hours. Bradley eventually did fall asleep and Ireland momentarily thought of leaving Bradley unharmed. Ireland then realized that Bradley could identify him, and he used the noose, which he had earlier attached around Bradley's neck, to strangle him. Before leaving Bradley's flat, he placed a doll on top of the dead man's body.
Ireland, angered that he had received no publicity even after three murders, killed again within three days. At the pub he met and courted 33-year-old Andrew Collier, a housing warden, and the pair went to Collier's home in Dalston. After entering the flat there was a disturbance outside and both men went to the window to investigate. Ireland gripped a horizontal metal bar that ran across the window. He later forgot to wipe the bar for prints during his usual cleanup phase. The police found this fingerprint.
Once he had tied up his victim on the bed, Ireland again demanded his victim's bank details. This time his victim refused to comply. Ireland killed Collier's cat in Collier's presence whilst he was restrained on the bed. Ireland then strangled Collier with a noose. He put a condom on Collier's penis and placed the dead cat's mouth over it, and placed the cat's tail into Collier's mouth.
Ireland had become angered at discovering Collier was HIV positive while rummaging through his personal effects looking for bank details. A suspected reason for his killing of the cat was that after Ireland killed Walker and had left this previous victim's dogs locked in a separate room, he later called anonymously to advise parties to the fact that these dogs were being or had been locked up. As a result, the media called the killer an animal lover. He strangled the cat to demonstrate that the "animal lover" assumption had been wrong.
Ireland's fifth victim (he had read that serial killers needed at least five victims to qualify as such) was Maltese chef Emanuel Spiteri, aged 41, whom Ireland had met in the same pub as his previous victims. Spiteri was persuaded to be cuffed and bound on his bed. Once more, Ireland demanded his bank PIN but did not obtain it. He again used a noose to kill. After carrying out his post-murder ritual of cleaning and clearing the scene, Ireland set fire to the flat and left. He rang the police later to tell them to look for a body at the scene of a fire and added that he would probably not kill again.
There are suggestions that police homophobia delayed the linking of all the murders and that they were initially not handled well but police eventually connected all five killings. The crimes were widely publicised through the mainstream media and it quickly became known in the gay community and the wider community that a serial killer who specifically targeted gay men was operating.
Investigations revealed that Spiteri had left the pub and travelled home with his killer by train, and a security video successfully captured the two of them on the railway platform at Charing Cross station. Ireland recognised himself and decided to tell police he was the man with Spiteri but not the killer – he claimed to have left Spiteri in the flat with another man. However, police had also found fingerprints in Collier's flat, matching those of Ireland.
Convictions and imprisonment
Ireland was charged with the murders of Collier and Spiteri, and confessed to the other three while awaiting trial in prison. He told police that he had no vendetta against gay men, but picked on them because they were the easiest targets. Ireland pretended to be gay in order to lure his victims. He had robbed those he killed to finance his killings because he was unemployed at the time, and he needed funds to travel to and from London when hunting for victims.
After the first murder, Ireland phoned The Samaritans and The Sun, telling them what he had done. Ireland said he wanted to become famous for being a serial killer. After killing three more men, and the pet cat of one of them, he phoned the police, asking why they had not linked the four murders.
When his case came to the Old Bailey on 20 December 1993, Ireland admitted all charges and was given life sentences for each. The judge, Justice Sachs, said he was "exceptionally frightening and dangerous", adding: "To take one human life is an outrage; to take five is carnage."
On 22 December 2006, Ireland was one of 35 life sentence prisoners whose names appeared on the Home Office's list of prisoners who had been issued with whole life tariffs and were unlikely ever to be released.
Ireland died on 21 February 2012, at Wakefield Prison. A spokeswoman for Her Majesty's Prison Service said: "He is presumed to have died from natural causes; a post-mortem will follow." Later, his death was ascribed to pulmonary fibrosis and a fractured hip he had suffered earlier in the month as preliminary causes of death.
- "Colin Ireland". Notorious British murderers. 1993-12-20. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Born to Kill?, Channel 5, 21 August 2012
- McKenna, Nwil (20 June 1993). "Fleet Street's perverse cocktail of kinky sex and a serial killer: Neil McKenna berates the reporting of a series of homosexual murders". The Independent. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Terry Kirby (21 December 1993). "Serial killer locked up for life: 'To take one human life is an outrage, to take five is carnage,' says judge". The Independent. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Terry Kirby (21 December 1993). "Calculating murderer who preyed on gays: Terry Kirby builds up a picture of a man with a lethal wish to prove he was someone of consequence". The Independent. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- William Tuohy (21 December 1993). "Killer Who Targeted Gays in London Gets Life Term". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Real Crime Serial Killer on Camera Full Episode". YouTube. 2013-04-28. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- Lambert, Pam (12 July 1993). "A Killer Stalks Gay London". People.com. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
- Anna Gekoski. "Colin Ireland". CrimeLibrary. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
- Muir, Hugh (15 May 2007). "Officers' homophobia hampered murder investigations, says review". The Guardian.
- 'Gay Slayer' serial killer dies in jail, Sky News, 21 February 2012
- Rozenberg, Joshua (22 December 2006). "35 prisoners are told life means life". Telegraph. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Jake Arnott (2004), True Crime (The Long Firm Trilogy Part 3), Hodder General Publishing Division, ISBN 0340818573
- "Torture murderer dies in prison". BBC. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Exercise yard fall contributed to death of 'Gay Slayer', inquest hears". PinkNews.co.uk. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2013.