Colmesneil, Texas

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Colmesneil, Texas
Location of Colmesneil, Texas
Location of Colmesneil, Texas
Tyler County Colmesneil.svg
Coordinates: 30°54′30″N 94°25′25″W / 30.90833°N 94.42361°W / 30.90833; -94.42361Coordinates: 30°54′30″N 94°25′25″W / 30.90833°N 94.42361°W / 30.90833; -94.42361
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyTyler
Area
 • Total2.00 sq mi (5.18 km2)
 • Land2.00 sq mi (5.18 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation272 ft (83 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total542
 • Density295.35/sq mi (114.06/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75938
Area code409
FIPS code48-16048[3]
GNIS feature ID1354805[2]

Colmesneil (/ˈklmɪsnl/ KOHL-mis-neel) is a city in Tyler County, Texas, United States. It is located 9 miles north of Woodville on U.S. Highway 69. The population was 542 at the 2020 census.

Geography[edit]

Colmesneil is located at 30°54′30″N 94°25′25″W / 30.90833°N 94.42361°W / 30.90833; -94.42361 (30.908331, –94.423522).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.

Historical development[edit]

The town's name came from one of the first conductors, W. T. Colmesneil, on the Texas and New Orleans Railroad, which ran through the county.[5] The Trinity and Sabine Railroad extended a 66-mile line from Colmesneil to Trinity, establishing the town as the shipping focal point for the county from 1881. Timber and cattle were the foremost commodities to sell due to the steep slope of the terrain. From the 1880s, the Yellow Pine Lumber Company operated a mill there, and for a while, Colmesneil's population was greater than that of Beaumont.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980553
19905692.9%
200063812.1%
2010596−6.6%
2020542−9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Colmesneil racial composition as of 2020[8]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 444 81.92%
Black or African American (NH) 40 7.38%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 4 0.74%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 17 3.14%
Hispanic or Latino 37 6.83%
Total 542

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 542 people, 288 households, and 210 families residing in the city.

As of the census[3] of 2019, 626 people, 224 households, and 133 families resided in the city. The population density was 298 people per square mile (114.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.10% White, 7.55% African American, 1.17% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.36% of the population.

Of the 224 households, 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.25% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were not families. About 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 28.9% had someone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was distributed as 24.7% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,516 and for a family was $31,912. Males had a median income of $33,068 versus $24,464 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,336. About 25.7% of the population was below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Colmesneil is served by the Colmesneil Independent School District.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Colmesneil has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Colmesneil, Texas
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association
  6. ^ ibid
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  9. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  10. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Colmesneil, Texas
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[9][10]