Consolidation bill

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"Consolidation Act" redirects here; not to be confused with the Royal Navy Consolidation Act 1749 or the Pennsylvania Act of Consolidation, 1854.

A consolidation bill is a bill introduced into the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the intention of consolidating several Acts of Parliament or Statutory Instruments into a single Act. Such bills simplify the statute book without significantly changing the state of the law,[1][2] and are subject to an expedited Parliamentary procedure.

To consolidate (Latin consolidare, from con-, together, and solidus, firm) is to press compactly together, put on a firm basis, and especially bring together into one strong whole. The practice of legislating for small portions of a subject only at a time, which is characteristic of the English parliament, produces as a necessary consequence great confusion in the statute law. The Acts relating to any subject of importance or difficulty will be found to be scattered over many years, and through the operation of clauses partially repealing or amending former Acts, the final sense of the legislature becomes enveloped in unintelligible or contradictory expressions. Where opportunity offers, the law thus expressed in many statutes is sometimes recast in a single statute, called a consolidation Act. By 1911 there were, among such, Acts dealing with the customs, stamps and stamp duties, public health, weights and measures, sheriffs, coroners, county courts, housing, municipal corporations, libraries, trustees, copyhold, diseases of animals, merchant shipping, friendly societies, &c. These observations apply to the public general Acts of the legislature. On the other hand, in settling private Acts, such as those relating to railway and canal enterprise, the legislature always inserted certain clauses founded on reasons of public policy applicable to the business in question. To avoid the necessity of constantly re-enacting the same principles in private Acts, their common clauses were embodied in separate statutes, and their provisions are ordered to be incorporated in any private Act of the description mentioned therein. Such are the Lands Clauses Acts, the Companies Clauses Acts and the Railways Clauses Acts.[3]

Procedure[edit]

Consolidation bills are introduced in the House of Lords which, by convention, has primacy in these matters. The Lords has the only substantive discussion on the bill, at its second reading, before the bill is sent to a joint committee of both Houses which may propose amendments to it. Subject to this, the Lords' third reading and all readings in the House of Commons are usually formalities and pass without debate.[1]

Most consolidation bills are proposed in the first instance by the Law Commission,[4][5] and it is this prior consideration that gives rise to the expedited process afforded to these bills.[5][6] Every consolidation bill proposed by the Law Commission has been passed by Parliament.[7]

Once a consolidation bill receives royal assent it becomes a consolidation Act. An example of a consolidation Act is the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000,[8] which consolidated into a single Act parts of sentencing legislation previously spread across twelve separate Acts.[4]

Categories of consolidation bills[edit]

There are five categories of bill that qualify as consolidation bills:[9]

  1. Bills which only re-enact existing law.
  2. Bills which consolidate previous laws with amendments, proposed in response to recommendations from the Law Commission.
  3. Bills to repeal existing legislation, again prepared by the Law Commission.
  4. Bills to repeal various obsolete or unnecessary parts of existing legislation.
  5. Bills which make corrections and minor improvements to existing legislation, prepared under the Consolidation of Enactments (Procedure) Act 1949.

The first three categories now account for almost all consolidation bills.[9]

List of Consolidation Acts[edit]

No consolidation Acts were passed in 2008.[10]

The following are consolidation Acts:[11][12]

No consolidation Acts were passed in 2004.[13]

The European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 is a consolidation Act.[14]

The Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c 6) is a consolidation Act.[15]

No consolidation Acts were passed in 1999.[16]

The Petroleum Act 1998 (c 17) and the Audit Commission Act 1998 (c 18) are consolidation Acts.[17]

The following are consolidation Acts:[18]

The following are consolidation Acts:[19]

The following are consolidation Acts:[21]

The following are consolidation Acts:[22]

The following are consolidation Acts:[23]

The following are consolidation Acts:[24]

The following are consolidation Acts:[25]

The following are consolidation Acts:[26]

The following Acts are consolidation Acts:[27]

The following are consolidation Acts:[28]

The Housing (Scotland) Act 1987 (c 26) is a consolidation Act.[29]

The following are consolidation Acts:[30]

The following are consolidation Acts:[31]

The following are consolidation Acts:[32]

The following are consolidation Acts:[33]

The Pastoral Measure 1983 (No 1) is a consolidation Measure.[34]

The following are consolidation Acts:[35]

The following are consolidation Acts:[36]

The following are consolidation Acts:[37]

The following are consolidation Acts:[38]

The following are consolidation Acts:[39]

The following are consolidation Acts:[40]

The following are consolidation Acts:[41]

The following are consolidation Acts:[42]

The following are consolidation Acts:[43]

The following are consolidation Acts:[44]

The following are consolidation Acts:[45]

The following are consolidation Acts:[46]

The following are consolidation Acts:[47]

The following are consolidation Acts:[48]

The following are consolidation Acts:[49]

The following are consolidation Acts:[50]

The following are consolidation Acts:[51]

The following are consolidation Acts:[52]

The Television Act 1964 (c 21) and the Licensing Act 1964 (c 26) are consolidation Acts.[53]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parliamentary Stages of a Government Bill" (PDF). House of Commons Information Office. March 2003. pp. 7–8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-15. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  2. ^ "Glossary - Parliamentary Jargon Explained". United Kingdom Parliament Website. Archived from the original on 2006-05-16. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Consolidation Acts". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 979. 
  4. ^ a b "About Us". The Law Commission. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  5. ^ a b "Statutory Law and Parliament - Legislative Procedure in the House of Commons". UK Law Online. Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, University of Leeds. October 1998. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  6. ^ House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution (2006-06-08). Legislative and Regulatory Reform Bill - Report With Evidence (PDF). London: The Stationery Office Limited. p. 32. 
  7. ^ Stuart Bridge (2003). "Working For Better Law: The Role of the Law Commission". Archived from the original on 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  8. ^ Elizabeth II (2000, c. 6). Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000. The Stationery Office Limited. ISBN 0-10-540600-7.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ a b "Companion to the Standing Orders and guide to the Proceedings of the House of Lords". The Stationery Office. 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-02-14. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  10. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 2008. TSO. 2009. ISBN 9780118404693. Part V (tables and index). Page 3211.
  11. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 2006. TSO. 2007. ISBN 9780118404471. Part VI (tables and index). Pages i, j and 4941. (Each of these Acts is a "Consolidation or Tax Law Rewrite Act").
  12. ^ "Tax Law Rewrite" Archived 2006-04-18 at the Wayback Machine.. HMRC. (These Acts are not Tax Law Rewrite Acts).
  13. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 2004. TSO. ISBN 0 11 840423 7. Part IV (tables and index). Table V. Page i.
  14. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 2002. TSO. 2003. ISBN 0 11 840401 6. Part V (tables and index). Pages i and j.
  15. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 2000. The Stationery Office Limited. 2002. ISBN 0 11 840386 9. Part IV (tables and indexes). Pages h, i, l and i.
  16. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1999. The Stationery Office Limited. 2000. ISBN 0 11 840381 8. Part III (tables and indexes). Page h.
  17. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1998. The Stationery Office Limited. 1999. ISBN 0 11 840373 7. Part IV (tables and indexes). Pages i, j and i.
  18. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1997. The Stationery Office Limited. 1998. ISBN 0 11 840369 9. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  19. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1996. The Stationery Office Limited. 1998. ISBN 0 11 840360 5. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  20. ^ The Employment Rights (Dispute Resolution) Act 1998, section 1(2)(c), amending section 48 of 1996 c 17.
  21. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1995. The Stationery Office Limited. 1997. ISBN 0 11 840356 7. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  22. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1994. HMSO. London. 1995. ISBN 0 11 840337 0. Part IV (tables and index). Pages g and i.
  23. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1993. HMSO. London. 1994. ISBN 0 11 840330 3. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  24. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1992. HMSO. London. 1993. Part V (tables and index). ISBN 0 11 840323 0. Pages i, j and i.
  25. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1991. HMSO. London. 1993. ISBN 0 11 840314 1. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  26. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1990. HMSO. London. 1991. ISBN 0 11 840302 8. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i and i.
  27. ^ The Public General Acts 1989. HMSO. London. 1990. ISBN 0 11 840292 7. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  28. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1988. HMSO. London. 1990. ISBN 0 11 840290 0. Part V (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  29. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1987. HMSO. London. 1988. ISBN 0 11 840275 7. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  30. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1986. HMSO. London. 1987. ISBN 0 11 840272 2. Part V (tables and index). Pages k, l and i.
  31. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures Act 1985. HMSO. London. 1986. ISBN 0 11 840256 0. Part V (tables and index). Pages k, l and i.
  32. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1984. HMSO. London. 1985. ISBN 0 11 840244 7. Part IV (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  33. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1983. HMSO. London. 1984. ISBN 0 11 840234 X. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  34. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1983. HMSO. London. 1984. ISBN 0 11 840234 X. Page i.
  35. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1982. HMSO. London. 1983. ISBN 0 11 840225 0. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  36. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1981. HMSO. London. ISBN 0 11 840214 5. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  37. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1980. HMSO. London. ISBN 0 11 840200 5. Part IV. Pages i, j and i.
  38. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1979. HMSO. London. ISBN 0 11 840194 7. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  39. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1978. HMSO. London. ISBN 0 11 840185 8. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  40. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1977. HMSO. London. ISBN 0 11 840179 3. Part III (tables and index). Pages i, j and i.
  41. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1976. HMSO. London. ISBN 0 11 840159 9. Part III (tables and index). Pages j, k and i.
  42. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1975. HMSO. London. 1976. Part I. Pages j to l.
  43. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1974. HMSO. London. 1975. ISBN 0 11 840139 4. Part I. Pages i and j.
  44. ^ The Public General Acts 1973. HMSO. London. 1974. ISBN 0 11 840124 6. Part I. Pages i and j.
  45. ^ The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1972. HMSO. London. 1973. SBN 11 840114 9. Part I. Pages k and l.
  46. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1971. HMSO. London. 1972. Part I. Pages k and l.
  47. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1970. HMSO. London. 1971. Part I. Pages k and l.
  48. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1969. HMSO. London. 1970. Part I. Pages k and l.
  49. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1968. HMSO. London. 1969. Part I. Pages j and k.
  50. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1967. HMSO. London. 1968. Part I. Pages j to l. (The footnotes to the Acts from c 32 onwards read "Consolidated Act", but this looks like a typo).
  51. ^ The Public General Acts 1966. HMSO. London. 1966. Pages i and j.
  52. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1965. HMSO. London. 1966. Part I. Pages j to l.
  53. ^ The Public General Acts and Church Assembly Measures 1964. HMSO. London. 1965. Volume I. Page j.