Cornish, Oklahoma

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Cornish, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Cornish, Oklahoma
Location of Cornish, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°9′46″N 97°35′44″W / 34.16278°N 97.59556°W / 34.16278; -97.59556Coordinates: 34°9′46″N 97°35′44″W / 34.16278°N 97.59556°W / 34.16278; -97.59556
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Jefferson
Area
 • Total 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
 • Land 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 850 ft (259 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 172
 • Density 292.0/sq mi (112.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 40-17350[1]
GNIS feature ID 1091692[2]

Cornish is an incorporated town in eastern Jefferson County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 163 at the 2010 census, a decline from 172 at the 2000 census.[3]

History[edit]

Prior to statehood, Cornish was a community in Pickens County of the Chickasaw Nation. It was named for John E. Cornish, a local resident and cattle rancher. A post office opened in Cornish in 1901. M. E. "Mose" Harris founded the Cornish Orphans Home and began construction in 1907. The home would continue this work for the next forty years.[3]

The Healdton Oilfield was discovered in August 1910 about 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Cornish. The town of Ringling was founded in June 1914. near the discovery and on the Oklahoma, New Mexico and Pacific Railway.[a] Many Cornish businessmen and other resident moved to Ringling, and Corning dwindled away.[3]

Geography[edit]

Cornish is located at 34°09′46″N 97°35′44″W / 34.162641°N 97.595472°W / 34.162641; -97.595472.[4] The town is 25 miles (40 km) east of Waurika and 27 miles (43 km) west of Ardmore, Oklahoma.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 307
1910 489 59.3%
1920 261 −46.6%
1930 186 −28.7%
1940 234 25.8%
1950 152 −35.0%
1960 127 −16.4%
1970 90 −29.1%
1980 115 27.8%
1990 164 42.6%
2000 172 4.9%
2010 163 −5.2%
Est. 2015 158 [5] −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 172 people, 66 households, and 48 families residing in the town. The population density was 292.0 people per square mile (112.6/km2). There were 75 housing units at an average density of 127.3 per square mile (49.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 69.77% White, 6.40% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 10.47% from other races, and 12.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.95% of the population.

There were 66 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $16,000, and the median income for a family was $18,750. Males had a median income of $16,750 versus $18,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,981. About 26.9% of families and 27.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 56.0% of those sixty five or over.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The railway was never extended to Cornish.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Jon D. May, "Cornish," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 27, 2015.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]