Correa alba

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White correa
Correa Alba RTBG.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Correa
Species: C. alba
Binomial name
Correa alba
Andrews
Synonyms
  • Correa rufa (Labill.) Vent.
  • Correa alba var. rotundifolia DC.
  • Mazeutoxeron rufum Labill.

Correa alba, commonly known as white correa, is a shrub endemic to Australia. It grows to 1.5 metres in height, has reddish-brown hairy new growth. The leaves are near circular to ovate and have a round or cuneate base and a rounded tip. They are 1.5 to 3.5 cm long 1 to 2.7 cm wide with a hairless or (nearly hairless) upper surface and tomentose lower surface. The white or occasionally light pink four-petalled flowers usually appear between mid autumn and early winter (April to June in Australia).[1]

The species was first formally described by Henry Charles Andrews in 1798.[2] There are currently two recognised varieties:

  • Correa alba Andrews var. alba
  • Correa alba var. pannosa Paul G.Wilson - Velvet White Correa.[3] Occurs on the south-west coast of Victoria and in the region near Encounter Bay in South Australia.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species occurs on low-nutrient soils,[5] in sandy or rocky areas in coastal areas of south-eastern Australia south of Port Stephens,[1] particularly headlands and coastal heathlands. It can grow in areas where it is sprayed with salt water.[5] It is commonly associated with such heathland plants as coastal rosemary (Westringia fruticosa), bracelet honey myrtle (Melaleuca armillaris) and common aotus (Aotus ericoides), and dune plants such as Sydney golden wattle (Acacia longifolia).[5]

Ecology[edit]

Wombats have been known to eat the leaves and roots.[5]

Cultivation[edit]

Correa alba is a hardy species in well-drained situations that withstands coastal exposure. A position in full sun is best for flowering, but it can also be grown in part shade. It may be used to create an informal hedge or as a container plant.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Correa alaba". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Correa alba". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Wild Plants of Victoria (database). Viridans Biological Databases & Department of Sustainability and Environment. 2009. 
  4. ^ Wilson, Paul G. (1961). "A taxonomic revision of the genus Correa." (PDF). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 85: 40–42. 
  5. ^ a b c d Benson, Doug; McDougall, Lyn (2001). "Ecology of Sydney plant species Part 8 Dicotyledon families Rutaceae to Zygophyllaceae" (PDF). Cunninghamia. 7 (2): 241–462 [271]. 
  6. ^ Greig, D. (1987). The Australian Gardener's Wildflower Catalogue. Australia: Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0207154600.