|Cultural origins||1970s and 1980s in Nashville, Tennessee|
Cowboy pop is a term that was first coined by American music journalist J. D. Considine in his review of Rubber Rodeo's 1984 album Scenic Views. Although the term was coined in the 1980s, its usage since that time has been varied. In the late 2010s, the term began to be used to describe country-influenced indie rock and indie pop bands.
Pop ballads in western films
Following Considine's coining of the term "cowboy pop" in the 1980s, the term was used retrospectively to describe a broad range of music recorded throughout the 20th century. In the early 2000s, music journalists such as Barry Mazor, John T. Davis, and Richard Carlin began to describe pop ballads used in western films as cowboy pop. Barry Mazor called Jimmy Wakely a "cowboy pop singer" and argued that "when singing cowboy movies ruled, Hollywood hardly made a distinction between the sounds of cowboy pop balladeers and another sound entirely, born in Texas, in which Jimmie Rodgers had a formative role." As an actor and cowboy pop balladeer, Wakely sang in many of the western films in which he appeared, such as Riders of the Dawn and Silver Trails. Similarly, John T. Davis called Marty Robbins a "cowboy pop balladeer," who would later act and provide music for western films such as Gun of a Stranger. Marty Robbins' 1959 song "El Paso" was featured on Cowboy Pop, a 2011 compilation released by Ling Music Group. Similar to Jimmy Wakely and Marty Robbins, Wilf Carter's 1949 recording "Bluebird on Your Windowsill" was described by Richard Carlin as "the kind of cowboy pop that is treasured as a kitsch classic." Wilf Carter's songs were also used to score cowboy films, such as John Ford's 1939 Stagecoach. Though these popular cowboy singers preceded the coining of the term cowboy pop by music journalist J. D. Considine, they have been identified in retrospect for their singing of pop ballads in the context of western films.
Soft rock of the '70s and '80s
Beyond the early pop balladry of cowboy singers like Jimmy Wakely, Marty Robbins, and Wilf Carter, the term cowboy pop has also been used to describe soft rock performers from the 1970s and 1980s who embodied cowboy aesthetics in their music, such as Michael Martin Murphey and Alex Harvey. Stereo Review referred to Michael Martin Murphey as a cowboy pop singer and JazzTimes similarly referred to Alex Harvey's 1971 song "Rings" as cowboy pop. In December 1974, soft rock singer Paul Davis released the song "Ride 'Em Cowboy," which peaked at #4 on Billboard's Pop-Standard Singles and #27 on the Hot 100. In the context of baroque pop music, Van Dyke Parks' employed cowboy aesthetics in his 1989 song "Cowboy," which The Wire described as "a complex narrative about Hawaii and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour." Parks went on to produce Utah Carol's "Cowboy Pop Song" in 2001.
In the late 2010s, the term cowboy pop began to be used to describe several country-influenced indie rock and indie pop bands in New York City. Some associated groups include Babies' Babies, Baby Jey, Cut Worms, Dark Tea, Dougie Poole, New Love Crowd, Sam Evian, Widowspeak, and Wilder Maker, several of whom have performed together. In 2015, Stereogum described Wilder Maker's music as "cowboy pop that’s got one eye wandering toward outlaw territory and one fixed on catchy melodies." The influence of outlaw country was similarly noted by New Commute, which described Dougie Poole's music as an "intersection of experimental pop and outlaw country." London in Stereo called Widowspeak's 2017 release Expect the Best an "accomplished album that would fit snugly in a cowboy pop genre." In a 2018 interview, Baby Jey cited influences such as Prince and 1980s country singers Tanya Tucker, Keith Whitley, and Johnny Lee, giving further context to the development of contemporary cowboy pop.
- Considine, J.D. (August 1984). "Rubber Rodeo — Scenic Views". Musician. 70: 100.
- As a description of pop ballads used in cowboy films, see Mazor, Barry (2012). Meeting Jimmie Rodgers: How America's Original Roots Music Hero Changed the Pop Sounds of a Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 143–144. ISBN 978-0199891863.
- As a description of soft rock performers who employed cowboy aesthetics in their music, see "Popular Music". Stereo Review. 60: 92. 1995.
- "Stream Wilder Maker Everyday Crimes Against Objects of Desire, Vol II. (". Stereogum. 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- Smith, Lauren (2017-08-23). "Widowspeak - Expect The Best // Album Review". London in Stereo. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- Murphy, Sarah (December 20, 2018). "Baby Jey Reveal Surreal Every Thing Video". Exclaim!. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
- "VMP Rising: Dreamer Boy". Vinyl Me Please. 2019-04-16. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
- Mazor, Barry (2014). Ralph Peer and the Making of Popular Roots Music. Chicago Review Press. p. 228.
- Mazor, Barry (2012). Meeting Jimmie Rodgers: How America's Original Roots Music Hero Changed the Pop Sounds of a Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 143–144. ISBN 978-0199891863.
- "Riders of the Dawn (1945) - Overview - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
- "Silver Trails (1948) - Overview - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
- "Jimmy Wakely Profile". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
- Davis, John T. (2000). Austin City Limits: 25 Years of American Music. Billboard Books. pp. 55. ISBN 9780823083039.
- "Guns of a Stranger (1973) - Overview - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- "Release "Cowboy Pop" by Various Artists - MusicBrainz". musicbrainz.org. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- Carlin, Richard (November 2002). "Carter, Wilf". Country Music: A Biographical Dictionary: 60.
- "Stagecoach (1939) - Notes - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- "Popular Music". Stereo Review. 60: 92. 1995.
- Carlson, Russell. "Leo Kottke and Mike Gordon: Sixty Six Steps". JazzTimes. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
- "Adult Contemporary Music Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
- "Top 100 Songs | Billboard Hot 100 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
- Bell, Clive (February 2000). "Van Dyke Parks + The High Llamas". The Wire. 192: 69.
- "Utah Carol | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
- "Baby Jey's "U Don't Have 2 Go Alone" shows us how cowboys do pop - EARMILK". EARMILK. 2018-08-24. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- For Cut Worms and Sam Evian, see "Cut Worms & Sam Evian at Brooklyn Steel". BrooklynVegan. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- For Dark Tea, Dougie Poole, and Babies' Babies, see "Dark Tea, Dougie Poole, and Babies' Babies".
- For Babies' Babies and Dark Tea, see "Babies' Babies plays Alphaville on 05.05 with Dark Tea". The Deli Magazine | nyc.thedelimagazine.com/. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- For Dougie Poole and New Love Crowd, see "Dougie Poole and New Love Crowd at Baby's All Right". www.ticketfly.com. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- For Dark Tea, Baby Jey, New Love Crowd, and Babies' Babies, see "Dark Tea, Baby Jey, New Love Crowd, and Babies' Babies at Brooklyn Bazaar".
- For Cut Worms and Widowspeak, see "Widowspeak and Cut Worms at Bowery Ballroom in New York on 06/23/2016". Oh My Rockness. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
- For Sam Evian and Wilder Maker, see "Sam Evian, Wilder Maker @ Rough Trade in Brooklyn on 05/06/2017". Oh My Rockness. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- "Dougie Poole- Wideass Highway". New Commute. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- "Baby Jey – "Someday My Space Cowboy Will Come" – OrcaSound". Retrieved 2019-01-12.
- "Songs tagged cowboy pop / Hype Machine". Hype Machine. Retrieved 2018-09-29.