Turkish pop music

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Turkish pop music had its humble beginnings in the late 1950s with Turkish cover versions of a wide range of imported popular styles, including rock and roll, tango, and jazz. This wide collection of songs were labelled as "Hafif-batı" (light western) music and included a wide range of artists, such as Frank Sinatra to Doris Day, Nat King Cole to the Everly Brothers, from Elvis Presley to Paul Anka.

Turkish artists began to produce English language cover versions of these songs and write their own too, and the first original song of this type is credited to Erol Büyükburç in 1958 for his song "Little Lucy",[1] which was released as a 10-inch single known as a taş plak.

With the emergence of 7-inch (45 rpm) single records in Turkey soon after, listening and distribution of this type of media was easier and thus the sound became more popular.[1]

1960s[edit]

Büyükburç felt that the popularity of this trend would be limited until the Western song lyrics were translated into Turkish, and suggested to composer Fecri Ebcioğlu that he pen some Turkish lyrics to an English tune.[2] In 1962, the first Western popular melody with Turkish lyrics was released, İlham Gencer's "Bak Bir Varmış Bir Yokmuş" (Look Once Upon A Time) [3] and the foundation was set for the mergence of a new genre. The modern technique of musical arrangements was also attributed to this era, with Western songs arranged into more oriental sounding motifs for the Turkish ear.

The genre got its name in 1964 with the release of duo Tülay German and Erdem Buri's single "Yarının Şarkısı" (Tomorrow's Song). On the record's sleeve they coin the term "Turkish pop music", indicating that their product was indicative of things to come.

Musicologists document that the first original composition was released in 1967 by Paris trained Timur Selçuk, the son of famous classicist Münir Nurettin Selçuk, called "Ayrılanlar İçin" For Those Departed.[1] The vehicle for Turkish pop was often film, and singers such as Gönül Yazar became icons of the time, though their films were rarely seen outside Turkey.

1970s - 1980s[edit]

Turkish pop music became very popular in the 1970s with female stars such as Ajda Pekkan and Sezen Aksu reaching superstar status domestically.

With her song writing talent, Aksu is credited with giving Turkish pop its unique sound, which is emulated across the Arabic countries. It was arguably this sound that changed the face of the Eurovision song contest when Sertab Erener won the Eurovision Song Contest 2003. Today Aksu is considered to be the matriarch of Turkish pop music. In the first half of the 1990s, female singer-songwriters such as Nazan Öncel and Yıldız Tilbe became very popular in Turkey.

The genre took a huge dip in popularity with the emergence of Arabesque music. However, with Aksu backing emerging stars such as Sertab and Tarkan in the early 1990s, Turkish pop came back from the brink. In particular, Tarkan's song Şımarık, which was both written and composed by Aksu, was a hit in Europe and Latin America in 1999.

As in the 1950s, it again took inspiration from newer styles that had emerged, such as hip hop, heavy metal and reggae.

Mainstream pop[edit]

Turkish pop music is now everywhere, whether it's the latest from Tarkan, female singer/songwriter Sezen Aksu, or the more radical sounds of the Turkish club underground, like Mercan Dede.

Interestingly, the fusion of sounds work so well that Turkish pop music does not sound so Westernised like Indonesian or Filipino pop even though it does include global influences such as technological developments from the west, western harmonies grafted onto folk songs, influences from Arabic music and, of course, American-influenced rap and hip-hop from artists such as Erci-E.

In the early 90s, Turkish gangster rap surged in popularity as artists such as Gokturk "G-Force" Sevinc influenced a younger generation newly exposed to Americas "West-Coast" culture. Gokturk had a string of hits including the #1 single "Istanbul G's" however fell from grace in the mid 90s due to a well publicised falling out with collaborator Erci-E.

Many music critics argue that the surge of Turkstar (Pop Idol) type competitions on Turkish TV has only added to the pop industry's shallow image, and is cited as the reason why underground and reactionary music is becoming more popular.

Notable Performers[edit]

Individuals[edit]

Female[edit]

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Sıla(Turkish Musician).JPG
Demet Akalın · Bengü · Sıla Gençoğlu
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Atiye Deniz 2007.jpg
Candan Erçetin 024.JPG
Hande Yener · Atiye Deniz · Candan Erçetin

Male[edit]

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Mustafa Ceceli - Kucukcekmece (1) - Cropped.jpg
Emreaydin.jpg
Murat Boz · Mustafa Ceceli · Emre Aydın
Rafet El Roman.jpg
Tarkan (9).jpg
Kenan Dogulu 1060880 Nevit.jpg
Rafet El Roman · Tarkan · Kenan Doğulu

Groups[edit]

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MaNga - aktivioslo - crop.jpg
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Mor ve Ötesi · Manga · MFÖ

YouTube views[edit]

This is the view numbers official artist accounts in YouTube. Artist accounts are must be specified on notes section.

List of most viewed Turkish pop music videos on YouTube
Rank Artist(s) Title Year Views Notes
1 Gülşen "Bangır Bangır" 2015 157.744.802 From netD müzik Music's official account.
2 Ozan Doğulu feat Ece Seçkin "Hoşuna mı Gidiyor?" 2015 116,537,877 From netD müzik Music's official account.
3 Hadise "Prenses" 2014 112,128,568 From netD müzik Music's official account.
4 Simge "Miş Miş" 2015 96,099,172 From netD müzik Music's official account.
5 Gülben Ergen feat Oğuzhan Koç "Aşkla Aynı Değil" 2015 92,493,530 From netD müzik Music's official account.
6 Demet Akalın "Koltuk" 2014 82,831,716 From netD müzik Music's official account.
7 Mabel Matiz "Gel" 2015 81,225,916 From netD müzik Music's official account.
8 Doğukan Manço feat Tuğba Yurt "Sakin Ol" 2014 80,999,705 From netD müzik Music's official account.
9 Ayşe Hatun Önal "Güm Güm" 2014 74,170,048 From aysehatunVEVO official account.
10 Hande Yener "Naber" 2014 71,511,040 From Poll Production official account.
11 Gülşen feat Murat Boz "İltimas" 2014 70,177,042 From netD müzik Music's official account.
12 Emrah Karaduman feat Murat Dalkılıç "Kırk Yılda Bir Gibisin" 2015 65,100,360 From netD müzik Music's official account.
13 Sinan Akçıl "Tabi Tabi" 2014 64,267,494 From netD müzik Music's official account.
14 Hande Yener "Ya Ya Ya Ya" 2013 62,377,127 From Poll Production official account.
15 Gülşen "Dan Dan" 2015 62,148,790 From netD müzik Music's official account.
16 Mustafa Ceceli "Gül Rengi" 2015 60,799,290 From netD müzik Music's official account.
17 Ece Seçkin "Aman Aman" 2015 58,064,230 From netD müzik Music's official account.
18 Ravi İncigöz feat Mustafa Ceceli "Şeker" 2014 57,813,493 From netD müzik Music's official account.
19 Kolpa "Gurur Benim Neyime?" 2014 55,750,709 From netD müzik Music's official account.
20 Demet Akalın "Gölge" 2015 54,167,347 From netD müzik Music's official account.
Last update: 4 February, 2016

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Turkish pop history
  2. ^ Naim Dilmener A fact revealed in this newspaper report with renowned Turkish pop musicologist Naim Dilmener.
  3. ^ Translations kindly provided by Ali Yildirim.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dilmener, Naim (2006). Bak Bir Varmış Bir Yokmuş: Hafif Türk Pop Tarihi (Look Once Upon A Time: History of Light Turkish Pop Music). İletişim Yayınevi. ISBN 975-05-0149-7.