Cozido

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Cozido
Cozido de grão.jpg
Cozido de grão (chickpea cozido)
Type Stew
Place of origin Portugal
Variations Cozido à portuguesa
Cookbook: Cozido  Media: Cozido

Cozido (European Portuguese: [kuˈzidu] Brazilian Portuguese: [koˈzidʊ]) is a traditional main dish stew in Portugal, Brazil, and other Lusophone countries.[1][2]

Etymology[edit]

In Portuguese, the word cozido means "cooked", "boiled", or "baked", being the past participle of the verb cozer ("to cook", "to boil", or "to bake").[3] Spanish cocido is a cognate.

Preparation and ingredients[edit]

The basic method of preparation involves slow cooking over a low heat. Cozido may be prepared with a wide variety of vegetables, meats, fish and/or seafood.[4] Ingredients vary across regions

Portugal[edit]

Cozido à portuguesa[edit]

Cozido à portuguesa (Portuguese stew) plate

In Portugal, cozido à portuguesa is prepared with multitude of vegetables (beans, potatoes, carrots, turnips, cabbages, rice), meat (chicken, pork ribs, bacon, pork ear and trotters, various parts of beef), smoked sausages (chouriço, farinheira, morcela, blood sausage), among others.[5][6] Numerous regional variations exist throughout Portugal, and the dish is considered part of the Portuguese heritage.[by whom?]

Portuguese cozido has its origins in the Beira[citation needed].

It is a rich stew that usually includes shin of beef, pork, assorted offal, Portuguese smoked sausages (morcela, farinheira and chouriço) and in some regions chicken, served with cabbage, carrots, turnips, rice, potatoes, and collard greens. It is often served with olive oil and red wine.

Cozido de grão[edit]

Cozido de grão is prepared with chickpeas as the main ingredient.

Cozido das Furnas[edit]

In São Miguel Island, Açores, meaty cozido known as cozido das Furnas is cooked underground for four to five hours, with the natural heat from the volcanic activities.[7][8]

Brazil[edit]

In Brazil, commonly used vegetables include potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, and cassava.[9] Bananas can also be included in Brazilian cozido dishes.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "cozido". Infopédia (in Portuguese). Porto Editora. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "cozido". Dicionário Michaelis (in Portuguese). Editora Melhoramentos. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "cozer". Infopédia (in Portuguese). Porto Editora. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Holland, Mina (2015) [2014]. The World on a Plate: 40 Cuisines, 100 Recipes, and the Stories Behind Them. New York: Penguin Books. p. 78. ISBN 9780143127659. 
  5. ^ Silva, Claudio (17 August 2016). "20 Things to Know Before You Go to Luanda". Roads & Kingdoms. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Saxelby, Ruth (10 August 2016). "FADER Mix: DJ Marfox". The Fader. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Andrade, Carina (20 March 2017). "Açores: eleito destino de 2017 para ingleses". Flash! (in Portuguese). ISSN 1647-2519. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Segalov, Michael (16 December 2016). "This Underground Stew Cooks Using Volcanic Heat". Munchies. VICE. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Palmerlee, Danny; Armstrong, Kate; Bao, Sandra; Benson, Sara; Brash, Celeste; Green, Molly; Kohn, Michael; Kohnstamm, Thomas; McCarthy, Carolyn; St Louis, Regis; Vidgen, Lucas (2013). South America on a shoestring (12 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 402. ISBN 9781741798944. 
  10. ^ Fodor's Brazil (2nd ed.). New York: Fodor's. 2002. p. 58. ISBN 9780676901917.