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Crimean journey of Catherine the Great

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Map of the Crimean Journey of Catherine the Great
A night illumination in honor of Catherine the Great on the Dnieper River

The Crimean journey of Catherine the Great (Russian: Путешествие Екатерины II в Крым), also known as Таврический вояж (Taurida Voyage) at the time, was a six-month (January 2, 1787 – July 11, 1787) inspection trip of Catherine II of Russia to the newly acquired lands of New Russia and Crimea, gained as a result of the victorious wars against the Ottoman Empire (1735–39 and 1768–74) and peace treaties with the Cossack Hetmanate followed by the forced liquidation of the free Zaporozhian Sich.

The trip was carried out with her court and several ambassadors. During the trip, she met with the Austrian emperor Joseph II, traveling incognito. The trip was arranged by Grigory Potemkin, a favorite and former lover of Catherine II. The trip happened just prior to the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792).[1]

The trip is the origin of the expression "Potemkin village", referring to the legend[2] of fake villages hastily erected by Potemkin along Catherine's route in order to impress her.


  1. ^ Alexander Brückner, Potyomkin, С.-Петербург. Издание К.Л. Риккера 1891, Chapter V: Путешествие Екатерины (1787 г.) Archived 2008-01-09 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Did "Potemkin villages" really exist?", Straight Dope

Further reading[edit]