Crininae

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Crininae
Crinum moorei whole.jpg
Crinum moorei
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Amaryllideae
Subtribe: Crininae
Baker[1][2]
Type genus
Crinum L.
Genera

see text

Synonyms

Crineae

Crininae is one of four subtribes within the tribe Amaryllideae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, family Amaryllidaceae), with a pantropical distribution (Crinum) and also sub-Saharan Africa.[3][4]

Description[edit]

Leaves frequently show an intercalary meristem and are usually fringed with cartilaginous teeth. The leaf apices are also often truncate (cut off). The flowers may be actinomorphic to zygomorphic, with a perigone tube with free stamens. The fruit is indehiscent, irregular, and often rostellate (rosetted). The scape does not abscise (shed) during seed dispersal, with the exception of Cybistetes where it detaches at ground level. The seeds also lack an integument, but are endosperm-rich and partially chlorophyllous with cork-covering.

Taxonomy[edit]

Phylogeny[edit]

Crininae are placed within Amaryllideae as follow:

These are phylogenetically related as follows:

Tribe Amaryllideae

Subtribe Amaryllidinae




Subtribe Boophoninae




Subtribe Strumariinae



Subtribe Crininae





Subdivision[edit]

As circumscribed by Meerow et al. (2001), there were three genera (Species), although the precise relationship between Cybistetes and Amocharis has been problematic, having been segregated in 1939[5] but later restored in 2007,[6] submerging Cybistetes within Ammocharis as A. longifolia:[7]

Genera (species):

Distribution[edit]

Widespread in the tropics (pantropical) and sub-Saharan Africa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. Bot. 16: 164. ante 11 Jun 1878; Pax in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 108. 1887
  2. ^ Müller-Doblies & Müller-Doblies 1996.
  3. ^ Meerow & Snijman 2001.
  4. ^ Vigneron 2008.
  5. ^ Milne-Redhead & Schweickerdt 1939.
  6. ^ Kwembeya et al 2007.
  7. ^ Snijman & Kolberg 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]