Cumana language

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Region Southwestern Rondônia, BoliviaBrazil border area
Native speakers
perhaps 3 (2001)[1]
  • More
    • Cumana
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
ite-kum Abitana-Kumaná
  1a6 Kuyubí
Glottolog kuyu1236  (Kuyubi)[2]

Cumana (Kumaná) is a possibly extinct Chapacuran language. Various names ascribed to the language in Campbell & Grondona (2012) are Torá, Toraz (distinguish Torá language), and Cautario, the last perhaps after the local river, and Abitana-Kumaná (distinguish Abitana dialect).

In addition, there is a Chapacuran language called Kujubim (Kuyubí, Cojubím), which may still be spoken. The endonym, Kaw To Yo (Kaw Tayó), may be the source of the river and language name Cautario.[1] Sources which list one do not list the other, so these may be the same language.[3]


  1. ^ a b "Kuyubí" in Moseley (2004) Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kuyubi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Fabre (2005)[1]