Cumberland Lodge

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Cumberland Lodge
View from the garden.

Cumberland Lodge is a 17th-century Grade II listed country house in Windsor Great Park 3.5 miles south of Windsor Castle.[1] It is now occupied by a charitable foundation which holds residential conferences, lectures and discussions. The gardens of Cumberland Lodge are Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[2]

History of the building[edit]

The house was built by John Byfield, an army captain, in 1650 when Oliver Cromwell divided up and sold off lots in Windsor Great Park. The house was called Byfield House until 1670. It was then renamed New Lodge, and at times was also known as Windsor Lodge or Ranger Lodge.

After the Restoration, King Charles II made the house the official residence of the Ranger of the Great Park — a Crown appointment always held by someone close to the Sovereign.

Among those who have lived at the Lodge were:

During 1936 Cumberland Lodge was used for key meetings between Alexander Hardinge (the King's Private Secretary) and Stanley Baldwin (the Prime Minister), which eventually led to the abdication of Edward VIII.

Cumberland Lodge today[edit]

Today Cumberland Lodge is an educational charity. It is used for academic workshops and short residential courses by groups of students, primarily from universities. Their aim is particularly to explore connections in the following areas: International affairs, especially concerning the Commonwealth or Europe; Religion and Ethics; Education; Culture and Society; Law and Order; Media and Society.[citation needed]

It is not open to the general public for viewing, however there are open days, conferences and free lectures throughout the year. Various interior and exterior shots of Lodge can be seen in the film The King's Speech.[citation needed]

Panoramic image of Cumberland Lodge and associated buildings from the south west.


  1. ^ Historic England. "Cumberland Lodge (1323664)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Cumberland Lodge (1001436)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Death of Lieutenant-General Wemyss". The Morning Post. 29 November 1852. Retrieved 26 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.

Letter from Queen Elizabeth to Queen Mary 13 November 1944, published in 'Counting One's Blessings, The Selected Letters of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother', Ed, William Shawcross, Macmillan, 2012, p374 - 375

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°26′02″N 0°36′28″W / 51.4339°N 0.6079°W / 51.4339; -0.6079