John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer
|The Right Honourable
The Earl Spencer
The Earl Spencer, by Thomas Gainsborough
19 December 1734
Althorp, Northamptonshire, England
|Died||31 October 1783
Bath, Somerset, England
|Resting place||Great Brington, Northamptonshire, England|
Spencer was MP (Whig) for Warwick from 1756 to 1761. He was also High Steward of St Albans in 1772 and Mayor of St Albans in 1779. On 3 April 1761, he was created Baron Spencer of Althorp and Viscount Spencer by George III, and on 1 November 1765, he was created Viscount Althorp and Earl Spencer.
- Lady Georgiana Spencer (1757–1806), married William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and had issue.
- George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758–1834)
- Lady Henrietta Frances Spencer (1761–1821), married Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough, and had issue.
- Lady Charlotte Spencer (1765–1766), died in infancy.
- Lady Louisa Spencer (b. & d. 1769), died in infancy.
He was the great-great-great-great-grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.
Styles of address and coat of arms
Styles of address
- 1734-1756: Mr John Spencer
- 1756-1761: Mr John Spencer MP
- 1761: Mr John Spencer
- 1761-1765: The Right Honourable The Viscount Spencer
- 1765-1783: The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer
Coat of arms
- Spencer, Charles (1999). Althorp: The Story of an English House. London: Viking. ISBN 978-0-312-20833-2.
- Battiscombe, Georgina (1984). The Spencers of Althorp. London: Constable. ISBN 978-0-09-465700-7.
- Milward, Richard (2004). "Spencer, John, first Earl Spencer (1734–1783)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/38713. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Burke, John (1833). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley. p. 466.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
|Member of Parliament for Warwick
With: Henry Archer
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New creation||Earl Spencer,
|New creation||Viscount Spencer,
Baron Spencer of Althorp
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