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Cumbia refers to a number of musical rhythm and folk dance traditions of Latin America, generally involving musical and cultural elements from Amerindians, Africans enslaved during colonial times and Europeans. Examples include:

  • Colombian cumbia, is a musical rhythm and traditional folk dance from Colombia.[1] It has contents of three cultural aspects, indigenous, blacks and to a lesser extent, Spanish, being the result of the long and intense miscegenation between these cultures during the Conquest and the Colony.
  • Panamanian cumbia, a Panamanian folk dance and musical genre, developed by blacks enslaved during colonial times and later syncretized with Amerindian and European cultural elements.

Regional adaptations of Colombian cumbia[edit]




Costa Rica[edit]



  • Cachaca, a fusion of cumbia sonidera, norteña, vallenato and cumbia villera


  • Peruvian cumbia;
  • Chicha or Andean tropical music
  • Amazonian cumbia or jungle cumbia, a popular subgenre of Peruvian cumbia, created in the Peruvian Amazon
  • Cumbia piurana, a set of styles and sub-genres linked to cumbia that have been produced in Piura, a region on the north Peruvian coast, since the mid-1960s
  • Cumbia sanjuanera, a subgenre of cumbia piurana
  • Cumbia sureña, a subgenre of Peruvian cumbia, a fusion of Andean cumbia and techno

El Salvador[edit]