Cylicomorpha

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Cylicomorpha
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Caricaceae
Genus: Cylicomorpha
Urb., 1901
Species

Cylicomorpha is a plant genus consisting of two species that are native to the African tropics. They are the only African representatives of the Caricaceae,[1] and are consequently related to the papaya.

Habit and appearance[edit]

They have the habit of bottle trees,[2] and their soft, dilated trunks are armed with short conical spines. The leaves are digitately lobed.[3] They are strictly dioecious,[1][2] and like all Caricaceae, produce abundant milky sap when damaged.[1] The inflorescences are axillary. The male panicles hold many flowers, while the female flowers are solitary or borne in small numbers on short racemes.[4]

Range and occurrence[edit]

They occur as tall-growing, pioneer plants in moist submontane habitats, where they are local but gregarious.[3] The western species, C. solmsii is locally threatened by clearance for agriculture and wood, and may be extinct at Mount Cameroon and at Barombi, Kumba.[3]

Species interactions[edit]

The fruit of both species are eaten by birds and primates.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Cylicomorpha". e-Monograph of Caricaceae. Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b Aguirre, A.; et al. (2008). "Morphological variation in the flowers of Jacaratia mexicana A. DC. (Caricaceae), a subdioecious tree" (PDF). Plant Biology. doi:10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00154.x. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Cheek, M. (2004). "Cylicomorpha solmsii". IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Cylicomorpha Urb. [family CARICACEAE]". Global Plants. Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, jstor. Retrieved 19 February 2014.