Cymopterus terebinthinus

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Cymopterus terebinthinus
Cymopterus terebinthinus.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Cymopterus
Species: C. terebinthinus
Binomial name
Cymopterus terebinthinus
Cronquist

Cymopterus terebinthinus is a perennial plant in the carrot family Apiaceae with leaves that look like parsley and grows in the Great Basin of the American West.[1]:108 Common names include Aromatic spring-parsley, northern Indian parsnip, and turpentine cymopterus.

Description[edit]

Growth pattern[edit]

It is a low growing perennial plant from 12 to 2 feet (0.15 to 0.61 m) tall, spreading out from a woody base.[1]:108

Leaves and stems[edit]

Leaves are 12 to 8 inches (1.3 to 20.3 cm) long.[1]:108 Leaves are ovate overall, but finely pinnately dissected into segments like parsley leaves.[1]:108 Leaves are strongly aromatic when crushed.[1]:108 "Terebinthus" means "like-turpentine", referring to the scented oils in the plant.[1]:108

C. terebinthinus double-umbel flowerhead

Inflorescence and fruit[edit]

The inflorescence is a peduncle with 3-24 rays, each 12 to 3 inches (1.3 to 7.6 cm) long, bearing miniascule 5-petaled yellow flowers.[1]:108

"Cymopterus" means "wavy ring", referring to the fruit.[1]:108

Habitat and range[edit]

It grows on dry, sandy or rocky slopes, typically around rocks, from 5,000 to 9,000 feet (1,500 to 2,700 m) in sagebrush steppe and montane plant communities of the Great Basin.[1]:108 It can be found in the Toiyabe Range and Deep Creek Mountains.[1]:108

Ecology[edit]

It is a host for Papilio indra.[2]

Some Plateau Indian tribes chewed the roots to treat colds and sores. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Great Basin Wildflowers, Laird R. Blackwell, 2006, Morris Book Publishing LLC., ISBN 0-7627-3805-7
  2. ^ TIPS ON COLLECTING AND REARING IMMATURES OF 375 BUTTERFLY AND SKIPPER TAXA, The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Society, 2-1-2010, [1]
  3. ^ Hunn, Eugene S. (1990). Nch'i-Wana, "The Big River": Mid-Columbia Indians and Their Land. University of Washington Press. p. 353. ISBN 0-295-97119-3.