Cynipini

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Cynipini
Cynips sp beentree.jpg
Cynips sp.
Scientific classification
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Cynipini

Leach, 1815

Cynipini is a tribe of gall wasps. These insects induce galls in plants of the beech and oak family, Fagaceae.[1] They are known commonly as the oak gall wasps.[2]

It is the largest cynipid tribe, with about 936[3] to 1000[2] recognized species, most of which are associated with oaks.[2] The tribe is mainly native to the Holarctic.[3]

Most of these wasps undergo cyclical parthenogenesis, sometimes reproducing sexually, and sometimes producing young without fertilization.[2]

Genera[edit]

Gall induced on Pyrenean oak Quercus pyrenaica by Andricus kollari

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nieves-Aldrey, J. L., et al. (2009). Revision and phylogenetics of the genus Paraulax Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) with biological notes and description of a new tribe, a new genus, and five new species. Zootaxa 2200 1-40.
  2. ^ a b c d e Melika, G., et al. (2013). A new genus of oak gallwasp, Cyclocynips Melika, Tang & Sinclair (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini), with descriptions of two new species from Taiwan. Zootaxa 3630(3), 534-48.
  3. ^ a b c Medianero, E. and J. L. Nieves-Aldrey. (2013). Barucynips panamensis, a new genus and species of oak gallwasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae, Cynipini) from Panama, and description of one new species of Coffeikokkos. ZooKeys (277), 25-46.
  4. ^ Melika, G.; Abrahamson, W. G. (2007). "Review of the nearctic gallwasp species of the genus Bassettia Ashmead, 1887, with description of new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini)" (PDF). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 53 (2): 131–148.
  5. ^ a b Nieves-Aldrey, JOSÉ LUIS, M. Hernández Nieves, and Johan AA Nylander. "Revision and phylogenetics of the genus Paraulax Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) with biological notes and description of a new tribe, a new genus, and five new species." Zootaxa 2200 (2009): 1-40.
  6. ^ Pujade-Villar, J., et al. (2012). A new genus of oak gallwasp, Coffeikokkos Pujade-Villar & Melika, gen. n., with a description of a new species from Costa Rica (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). Zookeys (168), 19–29.