Daniele Ganser

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Daniele Ganser
Dr. Daniele Ganser (cropped) JD.jpg
Ganser in 2018
Born (1972-08-29) 29 August 1972 (age 48)
Lugano, Switzerland
Alma materUniversity of Basel
OccupationHistorian, author
Known forNATO's Secret Armies
Spouse(s)Bea Schwarz[1]

Daniele Ganser (born August 29, 1972 in Lugano[2]) is a Swiss author. He is best known for his 2005 book NATO's Secret Armies, an adaption of his 2001 dissertation.


Daniele Ganser was Senior Researcher at the ETH Zurich, Center for Security Studies (CSS).[3] He was president (2006-2012) of the Swiss branch of the "Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas" (ASPO),[4] and taught a course (2012-2017) titled History and Future of Energy Systems at the University of St. Gallen.[2][5]

NATO's Secret Armies[edit]

In 2004, Ganser published NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe. In this book, Ganser states that Gladio units were in close cooperation with NATO and the CIA and that Gladio in Italy was responsible for terrorist attacks against the Italian civilian population.[6] Security analyst John Prados noted that Ganser presented evidence that Gladio networks amounted to anti-democratic elements across many nations.[7]

Beatrice Heuser praised the book while also noting it would be better if Ganser had used a less polemical tone and had occasionally conceded that the Soviets were no less nicer.[8] Markus Linden said that Ganser fostered anti-Americanism under the label of Peace Research, while he unilaterally presented Russia positively.[9]

Critics have charged that the book failed to provide proof or an in-depth explanation of a conspiracy between NATO, the United States, and the European countries. Peer Henrik Hansen criticized Ganser for basing his claim on the US Army Field Manual 30-31B which members of the intelligence community claim is just a 'Cold War era hoax document.'[10][11] Philip H.J. Davies concluded that the book is marred by imagined conspiracies, exaggerated notions and misunderstandings of covert activities and operations within and between the countries, and a failure to place their decisions and actions in the appropriate historical context. Davies argued that Ganser did not perform the most basic necessary research to be able to discuss them effectively.[12] Olav Riste of the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies mentions several instances where his own research on the stay-behind network in Norway was twisted by Ganser.[13] Riste and Leopoldo Nuti concluded that the book's "ambitious conclusions do not seem to be entirely corroborated by a sound evaluation of the sources available."[14] Lawrence Kaplan commended Ganser for making "heroic efforts to tease out the many strands that connect this interlocking right-wing conspiracy", but also argued that connecting the dots required a stretch of facts. Kaplan believes that some of Ganser's theories may be correct, but they damage the book's credibility.[15]

9/11 conspiracy theories[edit]

Ganser is known for relating the events of 9/11 to his research on Operation Gladio.[16][non-primary source needed] In the same way that the strategy of tension, which Ganser links to Operation Gladio, sought to pin right-wing terrorist attacks on the political left in order to inspire fear among the citizenry, Ganser likewise contends that "it has been said that Saddam Hussein had biological weapons, that there was a link between Iraq and the attacks of September 11, or that there was a link between Iraq and the terrorists of Al Qaeda. But all this was not true. By these lies, we wanted to make the world believe that the Muslims wanted to spread terrorism around, that this war was necessary to fight terror. However, the real reason for the war is the control of energy resources."[17]

Ganser also calls into question the conclusions of the 9/11 Commission.[18][19] He believes that "the official story about September 11th, the conclusions of the commission, are not credible" and "The information that we have is not very precise. Which raises the question in this report of 600 pages is that the third tower that collapsed that day is not even mentioned."[17] Ganser says we would only know because of blurred video images, something flew into the Pentagon, an open, objective and scientific debate on all outstanding issues of 9/11 would be important and calls for a new investigation.[20]


  • Reckless Gamble—The Sabotage of the United Nations in the Cuban Conflict and the Missile Crisis of 1962. University Press of the South, New Orleans, December 2000, ISBN 978-1-889431-72-7
  • Der Alleingang—Die Schweiz 10 Jahre nach dem EWR-Nein. (Uwe Wagschal, Daniele Ganser, Hans Rentsch) Orell Füssli, December 2002, ISBN 978-3-280-05041-5
  • NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe. Cass, London 2004.
  • Peak Oil: Erdöl im Spannungsfeld von Krieg und Frieden. In: Phillip Rudolf von Rohr, Peter Walde, Bertram Battlog (Hrsg.): Energie. vdf Hochschulverlag an der ETH Zürich, Zürich 2009, ISBN 978-3-7281-3219-2
  • “America is Addicted to Oil”: U.S.Secret Warfare and Dwindling Oil Reserves in the Context of Peak Oil and 9/11. In: Eric Wilson (Hrsg.): The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex.Ashgate, 2012, ISBN 978-1-4094-3107-7 (4. Kapitel)
  • Europa im Erdölrausch: Die Folgen einer gefährlichen Abhängigkeit. Orell Füssli, Zürich 2012, ISBN 978-3-280-05474-1.
  • Ganser, Daniele (2016). Illegale Kriege: Wie die NATO-Länder die UNO sabotieren. Eine Chronik von Kuba bis Syrien [Illegal Wars: How the NATO Countries Sabotage the UN. A Chronicle from Cuba to Syria]. Orell Füssli Verlag. ISBN 978-3-280-03943-4.


  1. ^ a b obituary notice of Ganser's father, 14 March 2014
  2. ^ a b "Lebenslauf › Dr. Daniele Ganser". www.danieleganser.ch (in German). Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  3. ^ "sciencelife:ETH Life - ETH Zurich's weekly web journal". Archiv.ethlife.ethz.ch. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  4. ^ "ASPO Switzerland – Association for the Study of Peak Oil". Aspo.ch. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  5. ^ "University of St.Gallen | EGI-HSG | Teaching and Executive Education at EGI". Egi.unisg.ch. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  6. ^ Andreas Anton, Michael Schetsche, Michael K. Walter Konspiration p. 175, Springer VS 2014, ISBN 978-3-531-19324-3
  7. ^ John Prados Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA 2006, p. 95, ISBN 978-1-61578-011-2
  8. ^ Beatrice Heuser, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," Cold War History, November 2006, 567-568.
  9. ^ L'historien Daniele Ganser ravi des complots, Die Welt, June 8, 2018
  10. ^ Peer Henrik Hansen, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," Journal of Intelligence History, Summer 2005. Web Archive - archived website of August 26, 2007
  11. ^ Peer Henrik Hansen, "Falling Flat on the Stay-Behinds," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, January 2006, 182-186.
  12. ^ Philip HJ Davies, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," The Journal of Strategic Studies, December 2005, 1064-1068.
  13. ^ Olav Riste, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," Intelligence and National Security, September 2005, 550-551.
  14. ^ Olav Riste and Leopoldo Nuti, "Introduction: Strategy of 'Stay-Behind'," The Journal of Strategic Studies, December 2007, 930.
  15. ^ Lawrence Kaplan, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," The International History Review, September 2006, 685-686.
  16. ^ Daniele Ganser (May 2014). "The "Strategy of Tension" in the Cold War Period*" (PDF). Journal of 9/11 Studies. 39. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  17. ^ a b Silvia Cattori. "Le terrorisme non revendiqué de l'OTAN, par Silvia Cattori". Réseau Voltaire.
  18. ^ David Ray Griffin (dir), 9/11 American Empire: Intellectual speaks out, Olive Branch Press, 2006
  19. ^ "9/11 Commission Report questioned by 100 professors," News & Politics Examiner, September 2, 2009.
  20. ^ "Historiker Daniele Ganser fordert, 9/11 neu zu untersuchen - 9-11 - dossiers - az Aargauer Zeitung". Aargauerzeitung.ch. Retrieved 18 July 2016.

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