Daniele Ganser

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Daniele Ganser
Daniele Ganser asv2018-11 retuschiert 2.jpg
Ganser in 2018
Born (1972-08-29) 29 August 1972 (age 47)
Lugano, Switzerland
Alma materUniversity of Basel
OccupationHistorian, author
Known foraccusing NATO of "false flag" terrorist operations
Spouse(s)Bea Schwarz[1]

Daniele Ganser (born August 29, 1972 in Lugano) is a Swiss historian. He became known in Europe with his 2005 book NATO's Secret Armies, an adaption of his 2001 dissertation. Since then he has published, among other things, on open and covert military actions of NATO countries, which he describes as being contrary to international law, as well as on the global maximum production of crude oil. He picks up on various alternative theories, especially on 9/11 and presents them as explanatory approaches still to be examined by scientists. Since September 2019, he holds that the Hulsey study has scientifically proven that only a controlled demolition by explosives can explain the destruction of World Trade Center 7.


Ganser was born in Lugano, Switzerland as the son of the protestant priest Gottfried Ganser and the nurse Jeanette Ganser. Daniele Ganser was Senior Researcher at the ETH Zurich, Center for Security Studies (CSS).[2] He was president (2006–2012) of the Swiss branch of the "Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas" (ASPO),[3] and taught a summer course titled History and Future of Energy Systems at the University of St. Gallen.[4][5]

NATO's Secret Armies[edit]

In 2004, Ganser published NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe. In this book, Ganser states that Gladio units were in close cooperation with NATO and the CIA and that Gladio in Italy was responsible for terrorist attacks against the Italian civilian population.[6]

Peer Henrik Hansen, a scholar at Roskilde University, wrote two scathing criticisms of the book for the International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence and the Journal of Intelligence History, describing Ganser's work as "a journalistic book with a big spoonful of conspiracy theories" that "fails to present proof of and an in-depth explanation of the claimed conspiracy between USA, CIA, NATO and the European countries." Hansen also criticized Ganser for basing his "claim of the big conspiracy" on the US Army Field Manual 30-31B, which members of the intelligence community claim is just a 'Cold War era hoax document.'[7][8]

Hayden Peake's book review Intelligence in Recent Public Literature describes: "Ganser fails to document his thesis that the CIA, MI6, and NATO and its friends turned GLADIO into a terrorist organization."[9]

Philip H.J. Davies of the Brunel University Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies likewise concludes that the book is "marred by imagined conspiracies, exaggerated notions of the scale and impact of covert activities, misunderstandings of the management and coordination of operations within and between national governments, and... an almost complete failure to place the actions and decisions in question in the appropriate historical context." According to Davies, "The underlying problem is that Ganser has not really undertaken the most basic necessary research to be able to discuss covert action and special operations effectively".[10]

Olav Riste of the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, writing for the journal Intelligence and National Security, mentions several instances where his own research on the stay-behind network in Norway was twisted by Ganser and concludes that "A detailed refutation of the many unfounded allegations that Ganser accepts as historical findings would fill an entire book".[11] In a later joint article with Leopoldo Nuti of the University of Rome III, the two concluded that the book's "ambitious conclusions do not seem to be entirely corroborated by a sound evaluation of the sources available."[12]

Lawrence Kaplan wrote a mixed review commending Ganser for making "heroic efforts to tease out the many strands that connect this interlocking right-wing conspiracy", but also arguing that "Connecting the dots between terrorist organizations in NATO countries and a master plan centred in NATO's military headquarters requires a stretch of facts that Ganser cannot manage." Kaplan believes that some of Ganser's theories "may be correct", but that "they do damage to the book's credibility."[13]

In a mostly positive review for the journal Cold War History, Beatrice Heuser praised Ganser's "fascinating study" while also noting that "It would definitely have improved the work if Ganser had used a less polemical tone, and had occasionally conceded that the Soviet Empire was by no means nicer".[14]

Security analyst John Prados writes "Ganser, the principal analyst of Gladio, presents evidence across many nations that Gladio networks amounted to anti-democratic elements in their own societies."[15]

The U.S. State Department stated in 2006 that Ganser had been taken in by long-discredited Cold-War era disinformation and "fooled by the forgery". In an article about the Gladio/stay-behind networks and US Army Field Manual 30-31B they stated, "Ganser treats the forgery as if it was a genuine document in his 2005 book on “stay behind” networks, Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe and includes it as a key document on his Web site on the book.[16] Markus Linden, a German political scientist, said that Ganser fostered anti-Americanism under the label of Peace Research, while he unilaterally presented Russia positively.[17]

9/11 opinion[edit]

Ganser wrote a chapter for David Ray Griffin's book 9/11 & American Empire. Ganser argues that all three versions – the "surprise" theory (the commonly accepted version that he calls "the official version") as well as the versions that the administration let the attack go ahead or even planned it – are all actually conspiracy theories. The U.S. Embassy has protested Ganser's views.[18]

Ganser is known for relating the events of 9/11 to his research on Operation Gladio.[19] In the same way that the strategy of tension, which Ganser links to Operation Gladio, sought to pin right-wing terrorist attacks on the political left in order to inspire fear among the citizenry, Ganser likewise contends that "it has been said that Saddam Hussein had biological weapons, that there was a link between Iraq and the attacks of September 11, or that there was a link between Iraq and the terrorists of Al Qaeda. But all this was not true. By these lies, we wanted to make the world believe that the Muslims wanted to spread terrorism around, that this war was necessary to fight terror. However, the real reason for the war is the control of energy resources."[20]

Ganser also calls into question the conclusions of the 9/11 Commission.[21][22] He believes that "the official story about September 11th, the conclusions of the commission, are not credible" and "The information that we have is not very precise. Which raises the question in this report of 600 pages is that the third tower that collapsed that day is not even mentioned."[20] Ganser says we would only know because of blurred video images, something flew into the Pentagon, an open, objective and scientific debate on all outstanding issues of 9/11 would be important and calls for a new investigation.[23]

Daniele Ganser is a member of the 9/11 Consensus Panel[24] and said that "Because all three theories implicitly start from a secret agreement of two or more persons, all three must be called conspiracy theories."[25]

In connection with these acitivities, Kurt Spillmann, emeritus professor of security policy at the ETH Zurich, has classified Ganser as a "seducer and a profiteer".[26]


  • Reckless Gamble—The Sabotage of the United Nations in the Cuban Conflict and the Missile Crisis of 1962. University Press of the South, New Orleans, December 2000, ISBN 1-88943-172-9
  • Der Alleingang—Die Schweiz 10 Jahre nach dem EWR-Nein. (Uwe Wagschal, Daniele Ganser, Hans Rentsch) Orell Füssli, December 2002, ISBN 3-280-05041-3
  • NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe. Cass, London 2004.
  • Peak Oil: Erdöl im Spannungsfeld von Krieg und Frieden. In: Phillip Rudolf von Rohr, Peter Walde, Bertram Battlog (Hrsg.): Energie. vdf Hochschulverlag an der ETH Zürich, Zürich 2009, ISBN 978-3-7281-3219-2[27]
  • “America is Addicted to Oil”: U.S.Secret Warfare and Dwindling Oil Reserves in the Context of Peak Oil and 9/11. In: Eric Wilson (Hrsg.): The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex.Ashgate, 2012, ISBN 978-1-4094-3107-7 (4. Kapitel)
  • Europa im Erdölrausch: Die Folgen einer gefährlichen Abhängigkeit. Orell Füssli, Zürich 2012, ISBN 978-3-280-05474-1.
  • Daniele Ganser (2017, October 2016), Les Guerres illégales de l'OTAN, Illegale Kriege, Demi-Lune editions, Orell Füssli, ISBN 978-2-917112-39-7, 978-3-280-05631-8 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help) Check date values in: |date= (help)Wikidata Q55839635

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b obituary notice of Ganser's father, 14 March 2014
  2. ^ "sciencelife:ETH Life - ETH Zurich's weekly web journal". Archiv.ethlife.ethz.ch. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  3. ^ "ASPO Switzerland – Association for the Study of Peak Oil". Aspo.ch. 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "University of St.Gallen | EGI-HSG | Teaching and Executive Education at EGI". Egi.unisg.ch. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  6. ^ Andreas Anton, Michael Schetsche, Michael K. Walter Konspiration p. 175, Springer VS 2014, ISBN 978-3-531-19324-3
  7. ^ Peer Henrik Hansen, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," Journal of Intelligence History, Summer 2005. Web Archive - archived website of August 26, 2007
  8. ^ Peer Henrik Hansen, "Falling Flat on the Stay-Behinds," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, January 2006, 182-186.
  9. ^ The Intelligence Officer’s Bookshelf Hayden Peake, CIA, April 15, 2007
  10. ^ Philip HJ Davies, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," The Journal of Strategic Studies, December 2005, 1064-1068.
  11. ^ Olav Riste, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," Intelligence and National Security, September 2005, 550-551.
  12. ^ Olav Riste and Leopoldo Nuti, "Introduction: Strategy of 'Stay-Behind'," The Journal of Strategic Studies, December 2007, 930.
  13. ^ Lawrence Kaplan, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," The International History Review, September 2006, 685-686.
  14. ^ Beatrice Heuser, "Review of NATO’s Secret Armies," Cold War History, November 2006, 567-568.
  15. ^ John Prados Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA 2006, p. 95, ISBN 9781615780112
  16. ^ "Misinformation about "Gladio/Stay Behind" Networks Resurfaces - US Department of State". Archived from the original on 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2016-07-18.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  17. ^ L'historien Daniele Ganser ravi des complots, Die Welt, June 8, 2018
  18. ^ David Vonplon. "September 11 Anniversary: Why Switzerland Is A New Hotbed Of 9/11 Conspiracy Theories". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  19. ^ Daniele Ganser (May 2014). "The "Strategy of Tension" in the Cold War Period*" (PDF). Journal of 9/11 Studies. 39. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  20. ^ a b Silvia Cattori. "Le terrorisme non revendiqué de l'OTAN, par Silvia Cattori". Réseau Voltaire.
  21. ^ David Ray Griffin (dir), 9/11 American Empire: Intellectual speaks out, Olive Branch Press, 2006
  22. ^ "9/11 Commission Report questioned by 100 professors," News & Politics Examiner, September 2, 2009.
  23. ^ "Historiker Daniele Ganser fordert, 9/11 neu zu untersuchen - 9-11 - dossiers - az Aargauer Zeitung". Aargauerzeitung.ch. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  24. ^ "Panel Members | Consensus 911".
  25. ^ "Daniele Ganser | 911 untersuchen".
  26. ^ Reinhard Meier: Conspiracy theories: Ganser, Trump, Putin and others, Journal21, April 9, 2018
  27. ^ "Energie". Danieleganser.ch. Archived from the original on 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2016-07-18.

External links[edit]