|Born||Danielle Fernandes Dominique Schuelein-Steel|
August 14, 1947
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||New York University|
|Children||9 (including Nick Traina)|
Danielle Fernandes Dominique Schuelein-Steel (born August 14, 1947) is an American writer, best known for her romance novels. She is the bestselling author alive and the fourth-bestselling fiction author of all time, with over 800 million copies sold. As of 2021, she has written 190 books, including over 140 novels.
Based in California for most of her career, Steel has produced several books a year, often juggling up to five projects at once. All of her novels have been bestsellers, including those issued in hardback, despite "a resounding lack of critical acclaim" (Publishers Weekly). Her books often involve rich families facing a crisis, threatened by dark elements such as prison, fraud, blackmail and suicide. Steel has also published children's fiction and poetry, as well as creating a foundation that funds mental illness related organizations. Her books have been translated into 43 languages, with 22 adapted for television, including two that have received Golden Globe nominations.
1947–1965: Early life
Steel was born Danielle Fernandes Dominique Schuelein-Steel in New York City to a German father and a Portuguese mother. Her father, John Schulein-Steel, was a German-Jewish immigrant and a descendant of owners of Löwenbräu beer. Her mother, Norma da Camara Stone dos Reis, was the daughter of a Portuguese diplomat. She spent much of her childhood in France, where from an early age she was included in her parents' dinner parties, giving her an opportunity to observe the habits and lives of the wealthy and famous. Her parents divorced when she was eight, and she was raised primarily by her father, rarely seeing her mother.
Steel started writing stories as a child, and by her late teens had begun writing poetry. Raised Catholic, she thought of becoming a nun during her early years. A 1965 graduate of the Lycée Français de New York, she studied literature design and fashion design, first at Parsons School of Design and then at New York University.
1965–1971: Career beginnings
While still attending New York University, Steel began writing, completing her first manuscript at 19. Steel worked for a public-relations agency in New York called Supergirls. A client, Ladies' Home Journal editor John Mack Carter, encouraged her to focus on writing, having been impressed with her freelance articles. He suggested she write a book, which she did. She later moved to San Francisco and worked as a copywriter for Grey Advertising.
1972–1981: First novels and growing success
Her first novel, Going Home, was published in 1973. The novel contained many of the themes that her writing would become well known for, including a focus on family issues and human relationships. Her relationship with her second husband influenced Passion's Promise and Now and Forever, the two novels that launched her career. With the success of her fourth book, The Promise, she became a participant in San Francisco high society.
1981–1996: Fame and expansion to new genres
Beginning in 1981, Steel had become a near-permanent fixture on The New York Times hardcover and paperback bestsellers lists. In 1989, she was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records for having a book on the New York Times Bestseller List for the most consecutive weeks of any author—381 consecutive weeks at that time. Steel is a prolific author, often releasing several books per year. Each book takes 2½ years to complete, so Steel has developed an ability to juggle up to five projects at once, researching one book while outlining another, then writing and editing additional books. Since her first book was published, every one of her novels has hit bestseller lists in paperback, and each one released in hardback has also been a hardback bestseller.
During this time, Steel also expanded to non-fiction work. Having a Baby was published in 1984 and featured a chapter by Steel about suffering through miscarriage. The same year she published a book of poetry, Love: Poems. She also ventured into children's fiction, penning a series of 10 illustrated books for young readers. These books, known as the "Max and Martha" series, aim to help children face real-life problems: new baby, new school, loss of loved one, etc. In addition, Steel has authored the "Freddie" series. These four books address other real-life situations: first night away from home, trip to the doctor, etc.
In 1993, Steel sued a writer who intended to disclose in her book that her son Nick was adopted by her then-current husband John Traina, despite the fact that adoption records are sealed in California. A San Francisco judge made a highly unusual ruling allowing the seal on Nick's adoption to be overturned, although he was still a minor. This order was confirmed by a California Appellate Judge, who ruled that because Steel was famous, her son's adoption did not have the same privacy right, and the book was allowed to be published.
1997–present: Continued success and awards
After years of near-constant writing, in 2003 Steel opened an art gallery in San Francisco, Steel Gallery, which showed contemporary work and exhibited the paintings and sculptures of emerging artists. The gallery closed in 2007. She continues to curate shows a few times a year for the Andrea Schwartz Gallery in San Francisco.
In 2002, Steel was decorated by the French government as an Officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, for her contributions to world culture.
She has additionally received:
- Induction into the California Hall of Fame, December 2009.
- "Distinguished Service in Mental Health Award" (first time awarded to a non-physician) from New York Presbyterian Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Columbia University Medical School and Cornell Medical College, May 2009.
- "Outstanding Achievement Award" for work with adolescents from Larkin Street Youth Services in San Francisco, May 2003.
- "Service to Youth Award" for improving the lives of adolescents and children with mental accessibility issues from the University of San Francisco Catholic Youth Organization and St. Mary's Medical Center, November 1999.
- "Outstanding Achievement Award" in Mental Health from the California Psychiatric Association
- "Distinguished Service Award" from the American Psychiatric Association
In 2006 Steel reached an agreement with Elizabeth Arden to launch a new perfume, Danielle by Danielle Steel.
Steel married French-American banker Claude-Eric Lazard in 1965 at age 18 and gave birth to their daughter Beatrix. Steel and Lazard separated in 1972. While still married to Lazard, Steel met Danny Zugelder while interviewing an inmate in a prison near Lompoc, California, where Zugelder was also incarcerated. He moved in with Steel when he was paroled in June 1973, but returned to prison in early 1974 on robbery and rape charges. After receiving her divorce from Lazard in 1975, she married Zugelder in the prison canteen. During their relationship, Steel suffered multiple miscarriages. She divorced Zugelder in 1978.
Steel married her third husband, William George Toth, in 1978, while pregnant with his child, Nick. They divorced in March 1981.
Steel married for the fourth time in 1981, to vintner John Traina. Traina adopted Steel's son Nick and gave him his family name. Together they had additional five children, Samantha, Victoria, Vanessa, a fashion stylist, Maxx, and Zara . Determined to spend as much time as possible with her children, Steel often wrote at night, making do with only four hours of sleep. Steel and Traina divorced in 1995.
Her fear of flying created many challenges in the early 1980s; she went through an eight-week course based out of the San Francisco airport to overcome her fear.
Steel married for a fifth time, to Silicon Valley financier Thomas James Perkins, but the marriage ended after four years in 2002. Steel has said that her novel The Klone and I was inspired by a private joke between herself and Perkins. In 2006, Perkins dedicated his novel Sex and the Single Zillionaire to Steel.
Steel's longtime residence was in San Francisco, but she now spends most of her time at a second home in Paris. Her 55-room San Francisco home, Spreckels Mansion, was built in c.1913 as the mansion of sugar tycoon Adolph B. Spreckels.
Despite her public image and varied pursuits, Steel is known to be shy and because of that and her desire to protect her children from the tabloids, she rarely grants interviews or makes public appearances.
Nick Traina and Yo Angel Foundations
Steel's son, Nicholas Traina, died bysuicide in 1997. Traina was the lead singer of San Francisco punk bands Link 80 and Knowledge. To honor his memory, Steel wrote the nonfiction book His Bright Light, about Nick's life and death. Proceeds of the book, which reached The New York Times Non-Fiction Bestseller List, were used to found the Nick Traina Foundation, which Steel runs, to fund organizations dedicated to treating mental accessibility issues. To gain more recognition for children's mental health, Steel has lobbied for legislation in Washington, and previously held a fundraiser every two years (known as The Star Ball) in San Francisco. In 2002, she founded Yo Angel Foundation to assist the homeless.
Steel's novels, often described as "formulaic," tend to involve the characters in a crisis that threatens their relationship. The novels sometimes explore the world of the rich and famous and frequently deal with serious life issues like illness, death, loss, family crises, and relationships. Also, there are claims that her popular story lines are based from the events of her life. Despite a reputation among critics for writing "fluff", Steel often delves into the less savory aspects of human nature, including incest, suicide, divorce, war, and even the Holocaust. As time has progressed, Steel's writing has evolved. Her later heroines tend to be stronger and more authoritative, who, if they do not receive the level of respect and attention they desire from a man, move on to a new life. In recent years Steel has also been willing to take more risks with her plots. Ransom focuses more on suspense than romance, and follows three sets of seemingly unconnected characters as their lives begin to intersect. Toxic Bachelors departs from her usual style by telling the story through the eyes of the three title characters, men who are relationship phobic and ultimately discover their true loves.
To avoid comparisons to her previous novels, Steel does not write sequels. Although many of her earliest books were released with initial print runs of 1 million copies, by 2004 her publisher had decreased the number of books initially printed to 650,000 due to the decline in book purchasing. However, her fan base was still extremely strong at that time, with Steel's books selling out atop charts worldwide.
Twenty-two of her books have been adapted for television, including two that have received Golden Globe nominations. One is Jewels, the story of the survival of a woman and her children in World War II Europe, and the family's eventual rebirth as one of the greatest jewelry houses in Europe. Columbia Pictures was the first movie studio to make an offer for one of her novels, purchasing the rights to The Ghost in 1998. Steel also reached an agreement with New Line Home Entertainment in 2005 to sell the film rights to 30 of her novels for DVDs.
Steel spends two to three years on each book, juggling multiple projects at once. According to Steel, once she has an idea for a story, her first step is to make notes, which are mostly about the characters. She told The New York Times in 2018: "I make notes for a while before I start work on the outline. The notes are usually more about the characters. I need to know the characters really well before I start — who they are, how they think, how they feel, what has happened to them, how they grew up." In a 2019 interview with The Guardian, she reported often spending 20- to 30-hour periods on her typewriter, gaining her attention and criticism.
Steel has written all of her novels on Olympia SG1 standard typewriters. She has two that she primarily writes on: one at her home in San Francisco and another at her home in Paris. Her typewriter at her home in San Francisco has been in her possession since she bought it while working on her first book. According to Steel, she bought it second hand for $20.
Her works consist of novels, non-fiction, picture books, and two series of children's books: the Max & Martha series and the Freddie series.
- The Promise (1979)
- Now and Forever (1983)
- Crossings (1986)
- Kaleidoscope (1990)
- Fine Things (1990)
- Changes (1991)
- Palomino (1991)
- Daddy (1991)
- Jewels (1992)
- Secrets (1992)
- Message from Nam (1993)
- Star (1993)
- Heartbeat (1993)
- Family Album (1994)
- A Perfect Stranger (1994)
- Once in a Lifetime (1994)
- Mixed Blessings (1995)
- Zoya (1995)
- Vanished (1995)
- The Ring (1996)
- Full Circle (1996)
- Remembrance (1996)
- No Greater Love (1996)
- Safe Harbour (2007)
- Hotel Vendome to be directed by Lawrence Kasdan
- "How the Hell Has Danielle Steel Managed to Write 179 Books?". Glamour. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- "Danielle Steel". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
- "After Quarantining in Paris For Over a Year, Author Danielle Steel Dreams of Dressing Up Again". Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- "The Lives of Danielle Steel: The Unauthorized Biography of America's #1 Best-Selling Author". Publishersweekly.com. October 1994. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
- "Home". nicktrainafoundation.com.
- "About Danielle Steel". Official website of Danielle Steel. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
She is published in 69 countries and 43 languages.
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- "Alumni and Prof.'s on the Internet". Alumni Association of the Lycée Français de New York, Inc. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
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- Having a Baby (Hardcover). 1984. ISBN 0385293348.
- "Danielle Steel". Book Reporter. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Williams, Lance (September 21, 1997). "Novelist Danielle Steel's son dies". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
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- "The 10 best dressed". Matches Fashion. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- WRITER, JERRY CARROLL, CHRONICLE STAFF (October 22, 1995). "Danielle Steel's Plot Thickens / San Francisco social circles buzzing as romance author, fourth husband split". SFGATE. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
- Steel, Danielle (February 10, 2009). "Fear of Flying". daniellesteel.net. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Steger, Pat (August 11, 1999). "Steel, Perkins Separate After 17-Month Marriage". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Donnally, Trish (February 26, 1998). "A New Chapter in Steel Romance". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Baker, Kenneth (September 30, 2003). "Danielle Steel to open gallery for lesser-knowns". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Kaufman, David (May 7, 2011). "Danielle Steel". The Wall Street Journal.
For much of her career, Danielle Steel was best known as a couture-clad San Francisco writer and society gal with a handful of husbands and a soccer-team's worth of kids. But the author—who has sold nearly 600 million books—now lives mostly in Paris, happily husband-less...'San Francisco is a great city to raise children, but I was very happy to leave it. There's no style, nobody dresses up—you can't be chic there. It's all shorts and hiking boots and Tevas—it's as if everyone is dressed to go on a camping trip. I don't think people really care how they look there; and I look like a mess when I'm there, too.'
- "Tour San Francisco: Pacific Heights". iNetours.com. Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
- Carroll, Jerry (January 7, 1997). "Danielle Steel Says Biography Wrecked Her Marriage". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Bigelow, Catherine (May 9, 2004). "Swells". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Zinko, Carolyne (May 8, 2002). "Steel's gala draws lots of star power". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- "About Danielle Steel « Danielle Steel". Retrieved April 3, 2022.
- Melnick, Sheri (2005). "Toxic Bachelors". RomanticTimes Magazine. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Melnick, Sheri (2004). "Ransom". RomanticTimes Magazine. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Maryles, Daisy (July 12, 2004). "Steel at 61". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved April 19, 2007. "incontri".
- Fleming, Michael (February 3, 1998). "Col helps Steel break into pic biz". Variety. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- "Danielle Steel signs film deal for 30 books".
- Jordan, Tina (February 2, 2018). "Danielle Steel: 'I Know an Idea Is Right for Me When It Just Clicks'". The New York Times. Retrieved September 29, 2018 – via nytimes.com.
- "Danielle Steel's Desk Is Unlike Anything You've Ever Seen". vanityfair.com. Vanity Fair. October 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
- Hunt, Elle (May 13, 2019). "Is it possible to work 22-hour days? Danielle Steel says it is the secret of her success" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Krug, Nora (July 2, 2015). "Danielle Steel: 'My books are more than a beach read'". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
- "How the Hell Has Danielle Steel Managed to Write 179 Books?". Glamour. May 9, 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
- Official website
- Personal website
- Danielle Steel at Internet Book List
- An October 2000 review of His Bright Light by Dr. Jeffrey L. Geller on an American Psychiatric Association website
- Danielle Steel at IMDb
- Steel Gallery
- The Nick Traina Foundation
- Works by or about Danielle Steel in libraries (WorldCat catalog)