David G. Hartwell
|David G. Hartwell|
Hartwell the morning after winning the Hugo, 2006.
|Born||David Geddes Hartwell
July 10, 1941
|Died||January 20, 2016
Westport, New York
|Occupation||Editor, literary critic|
|Genre||Science fiction, fantasy, horror|
|Spouse||Patricia Lee Wolcott (m. 1969; div. 1992)
Kathryn Cramer (m. 1997; his death 2016)
David Geddes Hartwell (July 10, 1941 – January 20, 2016) was an American critic, publisher, and editor of thousands of science fiction and fantasy novels. He was best known for work with Signet, Pocket, and Tor Books publishers. He was also noted as an award-winning editor of anthologies. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction describes him as "perhaps the single most influential book editor of the past forty years in the American sf publishing world".
Hartwell was born in Salem, Massachusetts, and attended Williams College, where he graduated with a BA in 1963. He continued his studies at Colgate University for an MA in 1965, and at Columbia University where he graduated with a Ph.D. in Comparative Medieval Literature in 1973. By 1965 Hartwell was already working as editor and publisher of The Little Magazine (1965-1988), a small press literary magazine.
Hartwell worked for Signet (1971–73), Berkley Putnam (1973–78) and Pocket, where he founded the Timescape imprint (1980–85) and created the Pocket Books Star Trek publishing line. From 1984 until his death he worked for Tor Books, where he spearheaded Tor's Canadian publishing initiative at CAN-CON in Ottawa, and was also influential in bringing many Australian writers to the US market. Since 1995, his title at Tor/Forge Books was "Senior Editor".
In 1977, Hartwell edited the short-lived Cosmos magazine for the newly formed Baronet publishing. Cosmos is remembered as "a fine magazine, providing a good range of quality fiction" in an attractive package, but poor sales for the rest of the publisher's magazine line forced its cancellation after only four issues.
In 1988 Hartwell founded The New York Review of Science Fiction, where he served as reviews editor. The magazine was published by Dragon Press, a small independent publisher and bookseller, first established by Hartwell in 1988 as a partnership. He later became the sole proprietor. Hartwell chaired the board of directors of the World Fantasy Convention and, with Gordon Van Gelder, was the administrator of the Philip K. Dick Award. Hartwell edited numerous anthologies, and published a number of critical essays on science fiction and fantasy.
Awards and other achievements
Hartwell edited two annual anthologies: Year's Best SF, started in 1996 and co-edited with Kathryn Cramer since 2002, and Year's Best Fantasy, co-edited with Cramer from 2001 through 2010. Both anthologies have consistently placed in the top 10 of the Locus annual reader poll in the category of Best Anthology. In 1988, he won the World Fantasy Award in the category Best Anthology for The Dark Descent.
Hartwell was nominated for the Hugo Award forty-one times, nineteen in the category of Best Professional Editor and Best Editor Long Form, winning in 2006, 2008 and 2009, and twenty-two times as editor/publisher of The New York Review of Science Fiction. He has also placed in the top ten in the Locus poll for best editor for twenty-seven consecutive years, every year from the award category's inception to the present day. He edited the best-novel Nebula Award-winners Timescape by Gregory Benford (published 1980), The Claw of the Conciliator by Gene Wolfe (published 1981), and No Enemy But Time by Michael Bishop (published 1982), the best-novel Hugo Award-winner Hominids by Robert J. Sawyer (published 2002), and the World Fantasy Award-winning novels The Shadow of the Torturer by Gene Wolfe (1981) and The Dragon Waiting by John M. Ford (1984).
Hartwell was known for flamboyant fashion choices. In 1969 he married Patricia Lee Wolcott. They had two children, but divorced in 1992. He married Kathryn Cramer in 1997, and they had two children. Hartwell lived in Pleasantville, New York.
On January 19, 2016, Hartwell was hospitalized after suffering severe head trauma from a fall at home. Cramer released a statement that the fall caused a "massive brain bleed from which he is not expected to recover". He died the next day at the age of 74.
Books as writer
- Age of Wonders: Exploring the World of Science Fiction (Walker & Co., 1985; ISBN 0-8027-0808-0), 205 pp.; paperback edition 1985, McGraw-Hill, 224 pp., ISBN 0-07-026963-7 Revised/expanded edition published by Tor, 1996, 319 pp., ISBN 0-312-86235-0.
- The Little Magazine (1965-1988), a small press literary magazine
- Cosmos Magazine (1977), Baronet publishing.
- The New York Review of Science Fiction (1988–2016) with Kathryn Cramer and Ariel Haméon and Kevin J. Maroney and Arthur D. Hlavaty and Matthew Appleton and others
- The Battle of the Monsters and Other Stories (1976) with L. W. Currey
- The World Treasury of Science Fiction (1988)
- Masterpieces of Fantasy and Enchantment (1988) with Kathryn Cramer
- Spirits of Christmas (1989) with Kathryn Cramer
- Christmas Stars (1993)
- Christmas Forever (1993)
- Christmas Magic (1994)
- Northern Stars: The Anthology of Canadian Science Fiction (1994) with Glenn Grant
- The Screaming Skull and Other Great American Ghost Stories (1994)
- The Ascent of Wonder: The Evolution of Hard SF (1994) with Kathryn Cramer
- Masterpieces of Fantasy and Wonder (1994) with Kathryn Cramer
- Visions of Wonder (1996) with Milton T. Wolf
- The Science Fiction Century (1997)
- Bodies of the Dead and Other Great American Ghost Stories (1997)
- Northern Suns (1999) with Glenn Grant
- Centaurus: The Best of Australian Science Fiction (1999) with Damien Broderick
- The Hard SF Renaissance (2002) with Kathryn Cramer
- The Science Fiction Century, Volume One (2006)
- The Space Opera Renaissance (2006) with Kathryn Cramer (Tor Books)
- The Sword & Sorcery Anthology (2012) with Jacob Weisman (Tachyon Publications)
- Twenty-First Century Science Fiction (2013) with Patrick Nielsen Hayden (Tor Books)
- SF Encyclopedia
- "Hartwell, David G.". Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Anders, Charlie Jane (January 20, 2016). "David G. Hartwell Kept Restoring Our Faith In Science Fiction". Gizmodo. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Mike Ashley, Gateways to Forever, Liverpool University Press, 2007, pp.323-325. ISBN 978-1846310034
- World Fantasy Convention. "Award Winners and Nominees". Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
- Science Fiction Awards Database
- "Interview with David Hartwell". LOCUS. September 2004. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- In Memoriam: David G. Hartwell (SFWA)
- "David Hartwell's sartorial splendour 1941-2016". 20 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- Til Death Did Us Part by Kathryn Cramer, January 21, 2015, Kathryn Cramer.com.
- "Kathryn Cramer - Late this afternoon David had a massive... - Facebook".
- Locus Publications. "Locus Online News » David Hartwell in Critical Condition".
- "David G. Hartwell (1941-2016)". 20 Jan 2016. Retrieved 20 Jan 2016.
- Age of Wonders [...] title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database. ISFDB. Retrieved 2015-03-28.
- THE ASCENT OF WONDER, edited by David G. Hartwell and Kathryn Cramer
- Excerpt from the LOCUS Online Interview with David Hartwell, 2004.
- Interview with David G. Hartwell, SpaceWesterns.com, 2007
- Profile of David Hartwell by Michael Swanwick, 2009
- David G. Hartwell at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- David G. Hartwell at Library of Congress Authorities, with 38 catalog records
- The New York Review of Science Fiction
- Obituary at New York Times