9 March 1892|
Brighton, East Sussex, UK
|Died||17 February 1981
Montcuq, Lot, France
Angelica Bell (1942 – 1981; his death)
|Parent(s)||Edward Garnett (1868–1937)
Constance Black (1861–1946)
David Garnett (9 March 1892 – 17 February 1981) was a British writer and publisher. As a child, he had a cloak made of rabbit skin and thus received the nickname "Bunny", by which he was known to friends and intimates all his life.
Garnett was born in Brighton, the only child of the writer, critic and publisher Edward Garnett and his wife Constance, a translator of Russian. Through his father, he was descended from a writer and a philologist who both worked at what is now the British Library, then within the British Museum. Bloomsbury and the life of letters were embedded in David.
A prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group, Garnett received literary recognition when his novel Lady into Fox, an allegorical fantasy, was awarded the 1922 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction. He ran a bookshop near the British Museum with Francis Birrell during the 1920s. He also founded (with Francis Meynell) the Nonesuch Press. He wrote the novel Aspects of Love (1955), on which the later Andrew Lloyd Webber musical was based.
His first wife was illustrator Rachel "Ray" Marshall (1891–1940), sister of translator and diarist Frances Partridge. He and Ray, whose woodcuts appear in some of his books, had two sons, one of whom (Richard) went to Beacon Hill School. Ray died relatively young of breast cancer.
Garnett was bisexual, as were several members of the artistic and literary Bloomsbury Group, and he had affairs with Francis Birrell and Duncan Grant. He was present at the birth of Grant's daughter, Angelica (by Vanessa Bell, and accepted by her husband Clive Bell), on 25 December 1918, and wrote to a friend shortly afterwards, "I think of marrying it. When she is 20, I shall be 46 – will it be scandalous?". When Angelica was in her early twenties, they did marry (on 8 May 1942), to the horror of her parents.
They had four daughters: in order, Amaryllis, Henrietta, and twins Nerissa and Frances; eventually the couple separated. Amaryllis Garnett (1943–1973) was an actress who had a small part in Harold Pinter's film adaptation of The Go-Between (1970). She drowned in the Thames, aged 29. Henrietta Garnett married Lytton Burgo Partridge, her father's nephew by his first wife Ray, but was left a widow with a newborn infant when she was 18; she oversaw the legacies of both David Garnett and Duncan Grant. Nerissa Garnett (1946–2004) was an artist, ceramicist, and photographer. Fanny (Frances) Garnett moved to France where she became a farmer.
After his separation from Angelica, Garnett moved to France and lived in a pleasant house in the grounds at the Château de Charry, Montcuq (near Cahors) leased to him by the owners, Jo and Angela d'Urville. He continued to write, made friends among the local English community of the locality, and lived there until his death in 1981.
Bloomsbury's Outsider: A Life of David Garnett, Sarah Knights, Bloomsbury Reader, Paperback and Digital, (15 May 2015), ISBN 978-1-4482-1545-4, 632 pages.
- Dope Darling (1919) novel, as Leda Burke
- Lady into Fox (1922) novel
- A Man in the Zoo (1924) novel
- The Sailor's Return (1925) novel
- Go She Must! (1927) novel
- The Old Dove Cote (1928) stories
- A Voyage to the Island of the Articoles by André Maurois (1928) translator
- Never Be a Bookseller (1929) memoirs
- No Love (1929) novel
- The Grasshoppers Come (1931)
- A Terrible Day (1932)
- A Rabbit in the Air. Notes from a diary kept while learning to handle an aeroplane (1932)
- Pocahontas (1933)
- Letters from John Galsworthy 1900–1932 (1934)
- Beany-Eye (1935)
- The Letters of T. E. Lawrence (1938) editor
- The Battle of Britain (1941)
- War in the Air (1941)
- The Campaign in Greece and Crete (1942)
- The Novels of Thomas Love Peacock (1948) editor
- Selected Letters of T. E. Lawrence (1952) editor
- The Golden Echo (1953) autobiography (i)
- The Flowers of the Forest (1955) autobiography (ii)
- Aspects of Love (1955)
- A Shot in the Dark (1958)
- A Net for Venus (1959) novel
- The Familiar Faces (1962) autobiography (iii)
- Two by Two (1963) novel
- 338171 T. E. (Lawrence of Arabia) by Victoria Ocampo (1963) translator
- Ulterior Motives (1966) novel
- The White/Garnett Letters (1968) correspondence with T. H. White
- Carrington: Letters & Extracts From Her Diaries (1970)
- First 'Hippy' Revolution (1970)
- A Clean Slate (1971)
- The Sons of the Falcon (1972) novel
- Purl and Plain (1973) stories
- Plough Over the Bones (1973) novel
- The Master Cat (1974)
- Up She Rises (1977)
- Great Friends. Portraits of Seventeen Writers (1979)
- David Garnett. C.B.E. A Writer's Library (1983)
- The Secret History of PWE : The Political Warfare Executive, 1939–1945 (2002)
References and sources
- John Clute Lady into Fox, in Frank N. Magill, ed. Survey of Modern Fantasy Literature, Vol 2. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, Inc., 1983. pp. 863–866.
- Liz Hodgkinson, "Poisoned Legacy of the Bloomsbury Group", Daily Mail, May 2012.
- Adam Kuper, Incest & Influence: the private life of bourgeois England, Harvard University Press, 2009, p. 242, ISBN 0-674-03589-5.
- Sarah Knights (2015),Bloomsbury's Outsider: A Life of David Garnett, Bloomsbury Reader, page 509. ISBN 978-1-4482-1545-4, 632 pages.
- Heilbrun, Carolyn G., The Garnett Family (1961), also on Richard Garnett, Jeremiah Garnett, Edward Garnett, Constance Garnett.
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