|Birth name||Denys Justin Wright|
|Born||6 May 1924|
Bromley, Kent, England
|Died||8 February 1992|
|Associated acts||Stéphane Grappelli, Lonnie Donegan, Johnny Duncan, Digby Fairweather|
Denys Justin Wright (6 May 1924 – 8 February 1992), known professionally as Denny Wright, was a jazz guitarist.
A session musician for many years, Wright frequently acted as arranger and "fixer" for recording sessions. He was a prolific jazz and orchestra composer. He led many bands, from small ensembles to night club bands to orchestras. He worked with Latin American and Jamaican bands, including Kenny Graham's Afro-Cubists. He played with the Carl Barriteau orchestra, the Decca Records house band under Phil Green, and occasionally the Glenn Miller band. Wright was voted the 1980 BBC Jazz Society Musician of the Year.
During his career, Wright worked with Stéphane Grappelli, Lonnie Donegan, Johnny Duncan, Digby Fairweather, Ella Fitzgerald, Ken Snakehips Johnson, Billy Eckstine, Fapy Lafertin, Russ Conway, Biréli Lagrène, Humphrey Lyttelton, Nigel Kennedy and George Shearing.
Although best known as a guitarist, his favourite instrument was the piano - the only musical instrument he would ever play at home. Travellin' Blues by Johnny Duncan and the Bluegrass Boys feature Wright's piano playing.
Wright was born in Deptford, London, UK, and grew up in Brockley, with frequent forays to the Old Kent Road and the Elephant and Castle. His parents were Joseph William Wright, a skilled wireless telegraphist who worked for the General Post Office and who served with the Royal Engineers throughout World War One, and Selina Elizabeth Stewart, who was born in Hampstead. Wright's paternal family originally came from Polstead and Boxstead in Suffolk, although they had moved to Deptford by 1881. His grandfather, Ephraim Wright, was an Engine Fitter; Ephraim died at the age of 34 on November 26, 1894 at the South Eastern Hospital in Deptford, the victim of enteric fever - also known as typhoid. Wright's first instrument was the piano. His older brother, Alex Wright, was a semi-professional guitarist before the war and Denny Wright, ten years younger, was soon trying to play his brother's guitar. He began playing professionally before World War II, while still at school, pulling in a substantial income.
Idiosyncratically, he nearly always used his thumb on the top E string and could only play as fast as he could sing. He often sang along as he played a solo; for instance, you can hear Wright briefly singing along with his solo at 0'50" on Donegan's No 4 UK hit "Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O", recorded in 1957.
Wright spent the first part of World War II playing in jazz clubs in the West End of London, doing session work and performing in bands on many hit wartime radio shows. He worked with Grappelli for the first time in London around 1941. At school Wright served with the Auxiliary Fire Service in Brockley. Wright was classified as medically unfit to serve due to a childhood injury suffered in a road accident in 1930 that cost him his spleen and half of his liver. Instead, he joined ENSA, entertained the troops and ended the war in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands.
In 1945 he set up London's first bebop club, the Fullado in New Compton Street, where he played piano and guitar. In the late 1940s he toured Italy and the Middle East with the Francisco Cavez orchestra and performed in King Farouk's palace.
Throughout the 1950s Wright provided guitar accompaniments for Lonnie Donegan, Johnny Duncan, Humphrey Lyttelton, Marie Bryant (one of Duke Ellington's vocalists) and others, as well as featuring on the BBC's Guitar Club. Wright worked with Tex Ritter, providing him with musical accompaniment at the Texas Western Spectacle at the Haringey Arena in 1952. Along with Digby Fairweather, Roy Williams, Johnny Van Derrick, Jack Fallon, Tony Crombie and Jack Fallon, Wright accompanied Joel David on Old Bones and added a notable guitar solo to Joel David's song "Be My Valentine Tonight".
The Denny Wright Trio, with violinist Bob Clarke, took skiffle and jazz to the Soviet Union in 1957 for the 6th World Festival of Youth and Students - perhaps the first time that Western pop musicians has had the opportunity to play behind the Iron Curtain.
His free-flowing improvisational style came to the forefront through his work with Donegan. Wright established a fresh lead guitar style in the context of the folk and blues roots from which Donegan drew his repertoire. Drawing upon the jazz/blues elements in his own background, and Reinhardt's influence, Wright produced constantly innovative lead breaks and solos for Donegan's live work and recordings on both acoustic archtop and electric guitar.
Together with Bill Bramwell and Donegan's younger lead guitar players, Les Bennetts and Jimmy Currie, he helped inspire the next generation of British lead guitarists working with blues-based material in a rock context. In Chapter 6 of "The Beatles: The Biography", George Harrison's friend Arthur Kelly recounts George attempting Wright's solo from Last Train to San Fernando. In "The British Invasion" by Barry Miles, Miles said that the first song rehearsed by The Quarrymen after they were joined by Paul McCartney was 'Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O, the Donegan hit which featured a trademark Wright solo.
In the 1960s, in addition to a great deal of session work providing backing for many top artists including Mary Hopkin and Jones, with friend Keith Cooper he produced Tribute to the Hot Club as The Cooper-Wright Quintet. Wright also contributed on the folk scene, working extensively with folk singer and guitarist Steve Benbow. They continued to work together through the end of Wright's career. During this period, Wright also began a long partnership with record company Rediffusion. The 1970s saw Wright form a close friendship with Anton Kwiatkowski, one of the leading Producers/Engineers for EMI; throughout the decade, the worked together on many albums, mostly for EMI's Music for Pleasure label. For example, in 1974 he released an album on EMI's budget label Music for Pleasure titled "Non-Stop Pepsi Party" (credited to Denny Wright and the Hustlers), which was composed of cover versions of contemporary hits plus the self-penned "Shout About Pepsi", which later appeared on the 1995 Studio 2 compilation album The Sound Gallery. Denny was shocked upon seeing the album's cover for the first time to discover that EMI had come up with the name "The Hustlers" for the session musicians who had made the record with Wright. Despite Wright telephoning his EMI contacts urgently to tell them what a Hustler meant in the United States, it was too late and the name was used.
In the early 1970s, Wright once more accompanied Grappelli, beginning at the Cambridge Folk Festival where Grappelli's career was relaunched. Wright recorded and performed concerts with numerous leading British and international musicians during this time. In 1978, he formed Velvet with Ike Isaacs, Len Skeat and Digby Fairweather. In 1980, Wright was voted BBC Jazz Society Musician of the Year. After Velvet, he formed a band with Don Harper before reforming the Hot Club of London with Johnny van Derrick (violin), Gerry Higgins (double bass) and his protégé Robert Seaman (guitar). Wright played with the Hot Club of London across the UK, as well as at jazz festivals in Eindhoven, London and Cork. His last gig, at The Grapes in Shepherd Market, Mayfair in late 1991, was with van Derrick.
Wright married Barbara, a lyricist and actress, in 1961. Their son, St.John, was born while Wright was on stage in Leeds with Donegan in 1963. Barbara died on 16 February 1989 after an eight-year battle with breast cancer. They had been married over 27 years. Wright, who was devastated by his wife's death, died on 8 February 1992 in London after a nine-year battle with bladder cancer, a direct result of his heavy smoking. Van Derrick and Wright's son, who had given up his career to become Wright's carer, were with him when he died. He was cremated at St. Marylebone Crematorium on 14 February 1992; at the service, his band, the Hot Club of London, played "Days of Wine & Stephan" - one of Wright's compositions. Donegan was not able to attend; instead, he sent a floral tribute in the shape of a guitar.
Stéphane Grappelli: "Denny Wright also is a marvellous player, he's got such a good technique. Of course he can't produce Django's melodic line because Django invented it, but he has his own style, and on top of that he's got the strength of Django Reinhardt. In my opinion he's the only player in the world who can compare to Django and, you know, when I'm playing with Denny Wright and if I let my spirit go, then maybe I find that for a few seconds I'm back again with Django Reinhardt." (Guitar magazine, mid-1970s)
Paul McCartney: "I remember going to see Lonnie Donegan in 1956 at the Empire in Liverpool. It was wonderful. After we saw him and the skiffle groups, we just wanted guitars. Denny Wright, his guitar player, we really used to love – he was great." (Amazon.com interview) "I loved Carl Perkins, Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly and Lonnie Donegan's guitarist, Denny Wright, who was fantastic." (Guitarist magazine, 2004)
Philip Norman: "...a tuxedoed trio that included a virtuoso electric guitarist, Denny Wright. That touch of sophistication was Paul's Damascene moment; from then on, he burned to play a guitar and sing..." (Paul McCartney: The Biography (2016))
Chris Spedding: "We used to buy the old Lonnie Donegan records, and we admired people like Denny Wright, the Donegan guitarist. Skiffle really woke me up, and I bought a guitar which I played in groups at school."
With Lonnie Donegan
- 1956 Lonnie Donegan Showcase
- 1957 Lonnie Donegan Live, 1957
With Johnny Duncan
- 1957 Johnny Duncan's Tennessee Song Bag
With Stéphane Grappelli
- 1973 Live in London
- 1974 I Got Rhythm
- 1975 Fascinating Rhythm
- 1988 Menuhin & Grappelli Play Berlin, Kern, Porter & Rodgers & Hart
- 1988 Menuhin & Grappelli Play Gershwin
- 1997 Sweet Georgia Brown
- 1998 Fit as a Fiddle
- 1998 Live in Europe
- 2000 Live at the Cambridge Folk Festival
- 1955 Barrel House Johnny Parker's Washboard Band
- 1969 Tribute to the Hot Club Cooper-Wright Quintet
- 1972 Friendly Folk, Steve Benbow
- 1976 Jazz at the New Theatre
- 1978 Combo Don Harper
- 1979 Velvet, Digby Fairweather Ike Isaacs Len Skeat
- 1981 Solo Flight, Wild Bill Davison
- 1993 Running Wild, Wild Bill Davison
- 1993 Songs of Ireland, Steve Benbow
- 1996 Last Train to San Fernando, Johnny Duncan
- 2008 The Early Years, George Shearing
- 1971 Mr Guitar
- 1973 Classics with a Beat
- 1973 Great Rock 'n Roll Instrumentals
- 1974 Non_Stop Pepsi Party
- 1976 Simply for Romancing
Singles (UK chart position in brackets)
- Georgia, Marie Bryant with the Mike McKenzie Quartet (1954)
- Lost John, (Trad. arr Donegan) Lonnie Donegan (1956) (2)
- Stewball, (Trad. arr Donegan) Lonnie Donegan (1956) (2)
- Bring a Little Water, Sylvie, (Trad. arr Ledbetter, Donegan, Campbell) Lonnie Donegan (1956) (7)
- Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O, (Varley, Whyton) Lonnie Donegan (1956) (4)
- Cumberland Gap, (Trad. arr Donegan) Lonnie Donegan (1957) (1)
- Last Train to San Fernando, Johnny Duncan (1957) (2)
- Granger, Pip (17 August 2010). Up West: Voices from the Streets of Post-War London. Transworld. pp. 210–. ISBN 978-1-4070-8389-6.
- "The Beatles: The Biography".
- "Denny Wright". wordpress.com. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Melody Maker - 08/30/69". chrisspedding.com. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- The Rough Guide to Jazz (Third ed.). Rough Guides. 2004. p. 882. ISBN 978-1843532569.
- "Denny Wright | Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- Priestley, Brian; Ian Carr; Digby Fairweather (2007). The Rough Guide to Jazz. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-84353-256-5.
- Brown, Tony; Jon Kutner; Neil Warwick (2000). The Complete Book of the British Charts. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-7670-8.