Dhaka City Corporation

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Dhaka City Corporation
ঢাকা সিটি কর্পোরেশন
Dhaka locator map.svg
Successor
Formation1 August 1864 (1864-08-01)
Dissolved1 December 2011; 10 years ago (2011-12-01)
TypeMunicipal
HeadquartersNagar Bhaban
Official language
Bengali

Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) was the former[1] self-governing corporation[2] that was entrusted with the task of running the municipal affairs of Dhaka city. The incorporated area was divided into several wards.[2] Each ward has an elected ward commissioner. The mayor of the city was elected by popular vote every five years, although the last mayoral election took place in 2002.[2] The corporation was dissolved by the Local Government (City Corporation) Amendment Bill 2011 on 29 November,[1] passed in the Parliament of Bangladesh, and formally ceased to exist on 1 December 2011, following the President's approval,[3] making way for a Dhaka North and a Dhaka South city corporations.[4]

History[edit]

Dacca Municipality, the predecessor of the city corporation, was established on 1 August 1864.[2] The first elected chairman was Ananda Chandra Roy. Prior to that, a Committee for the improvement of Dacca was formed in 1823. The Act of 1884 added the provision of elected representatives called commissioners.[citation needed] In 1978, it gained status as Dhaka Municipality Corporation,[2] and in 1990, it became Dhaka City Corporation. It is divided into 90 wards. In 1982, two adjoining municipalities, Mirpur and Gulshan, were merged with Dhaka Municipality. The Administrator of Dhaka Municipal Corporation, after Bangladesh was formed was Lt. Col. Hesamuddin Ahmed psc (Retd). In 1983, it was renamed as Dhaka Municipal Corporation. Finally, in 1990, it was renamed as Dhaka City Corporation. Until 1994, mayors were appointed by the government. The first elected mayor by popular vote took office in 1994, late Mayor Mohammad Hanif was the first elected Mayor of Dhaka. Annisul Huq was elected mayor of the Dhaka North City Corporation in April 2015.[5]

Bifurcation[edit]

The Awami League government on 29 November 2011 dissolved the Dhaka City Corporation by the Local Government (City Corporation) Amendment Bill 2011 passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh[1][4] after being placed in the Parliament on 23 November.[2] The city corporation will be split into two corporations, North and South, with the southern wing holding more territory than the north.[1] Each corporation will be a self-governing entity, thus giving the city of Dhaka two mayors. The government holds that bifurcation would ensure better quality of civic services to the denizens of the city.[2]

Dhaka North City Corporation[edit]

Dhaka North City Corporation consists of 54 wards covering the thanas of Mirpur, Mohammadpur, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Pallabi, Adabor, Kafrul, Dhaka Cantonment, Tejgaon, Gulshan, Rampura, Banani, Bimanbandar, Khilkhet, Vatara, Badda, Uttara & some others. The current mayor of Dhaka North City Corporation is Atiqul Islam.

Zone-1[6]
Ward No. Ward Area Name
1 Uttara Model Town
17 Kuril, Khilkhet, Nikunjo
Zone-2[6]
Ward No. Ward Area Name
2 Mirpur-12, Mirpur Ceramic
3 Mirpur-10
4 Mirpur-14, Bysthteki
5 Mirpur-11, Bawneabad Area
6 Mirpur-6 & 7, Pollobi
7 Mirpur-2, Rupnagar, Govt. Housing Estate
8 Mirpur-1, Box Nagar, Zoo and Botanical Garden
15 Vasantek, Matikata, Manikdey, Barontek
Zone-3[6]
Ward No. Ward Area Name
18 Baridhara, Shahzadpur
19 Gulshan, Banani
20 Mohakhali, Niketan
21 Badda
22 East Rampura, Ulon, West Haji Para
23 Khilgaon B Zone, Purbo Haji Para, Chowdhury Para
24 Tejgaon I/A, Kunipara
25 Azrat Para, Rasulbagh, Tejgaon
35 Boro Moghbazar, Eskaton
36 Neyatola
Zone-4[6]
Ward No. Ward Area Name
9 Golartek, Baghbari, Gabtoli Bus Terminal
10 Gabtoli, Mirpur Colony, Darus Salam
11 Paik Para
12 Ahmed Nagar
13 Monipur, Parerbagh
14 Kazipara, Shewrapara, Senpara-parbata
16 Ibrahimpur, Kafrul
Zone-5[6]
Ward No. Ward Area Name
26 Kawran Bazar
27 Rajabazar, Monipuripara, Indra Road
28 Agargaon, Taltola Staff Quarter
29 Mohammadpur
30 Shyamoli Ring Road, Adabor, Shekhertek
31 Mohammadpur Azam Road, Zakir Hossain Road, Kazi Nazrul Islam Road
34 Jafrabad, Sultanganj, Rayer Bazar, Bibir Bazar, Madhu Bazar

Dhaka South City Corporation[edit]

Dhaka South City Corporation consists of 75 wards covering the thanas of Paltan, Motijheel, Jatrabari, Kotwali, Sutrapur, Bangsal, Wari, Ramna, Gendaria, Chowkbazar, Lalbagh, Hazaribagh, Dhanmondi, Shahbagh, New Market, Khilgaon, Kamrangirchar & some others. The current mayor of Dhaka South City Corporation is Sheikh Fazle Noor Taposh.

Opposition to the bifurcation[edit]

The split was condemned by opposition party BNP,[7] some citizens,[8][9] and even by members of the incumbent government.[10] Incumbent mayor Khoka (who lost his seat)[1] of BNP promised that he would not contest the next city elections if the government would let the city not be split.[2] He also promised that the split will be scrapped once BNP returns to power.[2] Incumbent councillors[11] as well as staff of the former City Corporation went on strike if the bill was passed. Protesting staff of the corporation were met with an armed police force.[12]

There were calls by some for a referendum before the split was made.[13]

Since only the corporations are being split without a split in service providing agencies, this may give rise to a messy situation with a bureaucratic bottleneck, causing co-ordination failure amongst the services provided to the citizens.[8] Some have suggested that the creation of two corporations will result in a greater payment in taxpaying money for administrative expenses, without a guarantee of improvement in civic services.[14][15]

Since the Constitution of Bangladesh names Dhaka as the capital of Bangladesh, some legal experts believe that the law may be challenged as a violation of the constitution.[13] To this end, Khoka filed a writ petition at the High Court challenging the new law after it was passed; the court, in turn, asked the government to show cause as to why the split was not illegal or unconstitutional.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "DCC split into two". BDNews24.com. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Don't split Dhaka, Khoka urges govt". Bangladesh Independent News Network. UNB. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  3. ^ "President assents DCC split bill". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. 1 December 2011. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  4. ^ a b Liton, Shakhawat; Hasan, Rashidul (29 November 2011). "JS splits DCC in 4 minutes". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  5. ^ "Annisul, Khokon win Dhaka city polls". The Daily Star. 29 April 2015. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Dhaka North City Corporation". MediaBangladesh.net. 8 August 2021. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015.
  7. ^ "BNP threatens agitation over DCC split". BDNews24.com. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Problems bound to creep up". The Daily Star. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  9. ^ "Citizens threaten movement against split". The Daily Star. 30 November 2011. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  10. ^ "AL allies differ over split bill". The Daily Star. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Councillors to go on strike". The Daily Star. 24 November 2011. Archived from the original on 28 December 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Dhaka-split protesters clash with cops". The Daily Star. 28 November 2011. Archived from the original on 28 December 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Arrange referendum before bifurcating DCC: Akbar Ali". banglanews24. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  14. ^ Khan, Sazid. "Splitting DCC: Complex calculation may result into complication". EBangladesh. Archived from the original on 28 December 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Mega city in management problem". The Financial Express. Dhaka. 30 November 2011. Archived from the original on 28 December 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  16. ^ "HC questions legality of Dhaka split". The Daily Star. 30 November 2011. Archived from the original on 2 December 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2013.

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 23°43′24″N 90°25′38″E / 23.723276°N 90.427248°E / 23.723276; 90.427248