|Dian Cecht |
god of healing
|Member of the Tuatha Dé Danann|
|Children||Cu, Cethen, Cian, Miach, Airmed, Étan, Ochtriullach|
|Parents||Esarg or the Dagda|
In Irish mythology, Dian Cécht (Old Irish pronunciation [dʲiːən kʲeːxt]; also known as Cainte or Canta) was the god of healing, the healer for the Tuatha Dé Danann. He was the father of Cu, Cethen and Cian. His other children were Miach, Airmed, Étan the poet and Ochtriullach. Dian Cécht is described as a son of the Dagda in the Dindsenchas. Through Cian, he is also Lugh's paternal grandfather. He appears in the mythological cycle of medieval Irish tales.
Linguistic knowledge about regular sound changes in Celtic languages (McCone, 1996) and analysis of the University of Wales’ Proto-Celtic lexicon and of Julius Pokorny’s Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch permit *Deino-kwekwto- ‘swift concoction’ as a plausible Proto-Celtic reconstruction for this theonym. According to the Historical Encyclopedy of Celtic Culture, the name Dian Cecht may be a combination of the Old Irish common words dían 'swift' and cécht, glossed as 'power'. However, this may only be a surface etymology or reanalysis.
He blessed a well called Slane, located to the west of Magh Tuireadh and east of Loch Arboch in a place called the Field of the Apple Tree (Achad Abla), where the Tuatha Dé could bathe when wounded; they became healed and continued fighting. It would heal any wound but decapitation.
Boiling of the River Barrow
It was Dian Cecht who once saved Ireland, and was indirectly the cause of the name of the River Barrow. The Morrígú, the heaven-god's fierce wife, had borne a son of such terrible aspect that the physician of the gods, foreseeing danger, counselled that he should be destroyed in his infancy. This was done; and Dian Cecht opened the infant's heart, and found within it three serpents, capable, when they grew to full size, of depopulating Ireland. He lost no time in destroying these serpents also, and burning them into ashes, to avoid the evil which even their dead bodies might do. More than this, he flung the ashes into the nearest river, for he feared that there might be danger even in them; and, indeed, so venomous were they that the river boiled up and slew every living creature in it, and therefore has been called the River Barrow, the ‘Boiling’ ever since.
According to the Metrical Dindsenchas:
'No motion it made
The ashes of Meichi the strongly smitten:
The stream made sodden and silent past recovery
The fell filth of the old serpent.
Three turns the serpent made;
It sought the soldier to consume him;
It would have wasted by its doing the kine;
The fell filth of the old serpent.
Therefore Diancecht slew it;
There rude reason for clean destroying it,
For preventing it from wasting
Worse than any wolf pack, from consuming utterly.
Known to me is the grave where he cast it,
A tomb without walls or roof-tree;
Its ashes, evil without loveliness or innocence
Found silent burial in noble Barrow.
Healing of Nuada's arm
He made King Nuada a silver arm which could move and function as a normal arm. Later, Dian Cecht's son, Miach, replaced the silver arm with an arm of flesh and blood, and Dian Cecht killed him out of professional envy. Miach's sister, Airmed, mourned over her brother's grave. As her tears fell, all the healing herbs of the world grew from the grave. Airmed arranged and catalogued the herbs, but then Dian Cécht again reacted with anger and jealousy and scattered the herbs, destroying his daughter's work as well as his son's. For this reason, it is said that no human now knows the healing properties of all the herbs.
- Reidling, Kisma (3 November 2004). Faery-Faith Traditional Wisdom. Irish Cosmology & Faery Glamoury. AuthorHouse.
- Lebor Gabála Érenn. IV. Dublin: Irish Texts Society. 1941.
- Cath Maige Tuireadh.
- J. T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, Vols. 1-4 - p. 586.
- "V. The Gods of the Gaels". Celtic Myth and Legend: The Gaelic Gods.
- Tochmarc Étaíne.