In particle physics hexaquarks are a large family of hypothetical particles that would consist of six quarks or antiquarks of any flavours. With six constituent particles, there are several ways to combine quarks so that their colour charge is zero: a hexaquark can either contain six quarks, resembling two baryons bound together (a dibaryon), or three quarks and three antiquarks. Dibaryons are predicted to be fairly stable once formed. Robert Jaffe proposed the existence of a possibly stable H dibaryon (with the quark composition udsuds), made by combining two uds hyperons, in 1977.
There is a theory that strange particles such as hyperons  and dibaryons could form in the interior of a neutron star, changing its mass–radius ratio in ways that might be detectable. Conversely, measurements of neutron stars set constraints on possible dibaryon properties. A large fraction of the neutrons in a neutron star could turn into hyperons and merge into dibaryons during the early part of its collapse into a black hole. These dibaryons would very quickly dissolve into quark–gluon plasma during the collapse, or go into some currently unknown state of matter.
- Deuteron, the only known stable composite particle that consist of six quarks.
- Diproton, an extremely unstable dibaryon.
- Dineutron, another extremely unstable dibaryon.
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