3D model (JSmol)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Dihydrosirohydrochlorin is one of several naturally occurring tetrapyrrole macrocyclic metabolic intermediates in the biosynthesis of vitamin B12 (cobalamin). Its oxidised form, sirohydrochlorin, is precursor to sirohaem, the iron-containing prosthetic group in sulfite reductase enzymes. Further biosynthetic transformations convert sirohydrochlorin to cofactor F430 for an enzyme which catalyzes the release of methane in the final step of methanogenesis.
Dihydrosirohydrochlorin is derived from a tetrapyrrolic structural framework created by the enzymes deaminase and cosynthetase which transform aminolevulinic acid via porphobilinogen and hydroxymethylbilane to uroporphyrinogen III. The latter is the first macrocyclic intermediate common to haem, chlorophyll, sirohaem and vitamin B12. Uroporphyrinogen III is subsequently transformed by the addition of two methyl groups to form dihydrosirohydrochlorin.
- Battersby, Alan R. (2000). "Tetrapyrroles: The pigments of life: A Millennium review". Natural Product Reports. 17 (6): 507–526. doi:10.1039/B002635M. PMID 11152419.
- Mucha, Helmut; Keller, Eberhard; Weber, Hans; Lingens, Franz; Trösch, Walter (1985-10-07). "Sirohydrochlorin, a precursor of factor F430 biosynthesis in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum". FEBS Letters. 190 (1): 169–171. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(85)80451-8.