3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||116.12 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||White/Off White Powder|
|Melting point||240 to 241 °C (464 to 466 °F; 513 to 514 K)|
|Main hazards||Toxic, Skin/Eye Irritant|
|Safety data sheet||External MSDS|
|S-phrases (outdated)||R22, R36/37|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Dimethylglyoxime is a chemical compound described by the formula CH3C(NOH)C(NOH)CH3. Its abbreviation is dmgH2 for neutral form, and dmgH for anionic form, where H stands for hydrogen. This colourless solid is the dioxime derivative of the diketone butane-2,3-dione (also known as diacetyl). DmgH2 is used in the analysis of palladium or nickel. Its coordination complexes are of theoretical interest as models for enzymes and as catalysts. Many related ligands can be prepared from other diketones, e.g. benzil.
The use of DMG as a reagent to detect nickel was discovered by L. A. Chugaev in 1905. For qualitative analysis, dmgH2 is often used as a solution in ethanol. It is the conjugate base, not dmgH2 itself, that forms the complexes. Furthermore, a pair of dmgH− ligands are joined through hydrogen bonds to give a macrocyclic ligand. The most famous complex is the bright red Ni(dmgH)2, formed by treatment of Ni(II) sources with dmgH2. This planar complex is very poorly soluble and so precipitates from solution. This method is used for the gravimetric determination of nickel, e.g. in ores.
The nitrogen atoms in dmgH2 and its complexes are sp2 hybridized. Because of the planarity of the resulting ligand, the macrocycle [dmgH]22− resembles some biologically important macrocyclic ligands, as found for example in vitamin B12 and myoglobin. A well known family of model complexes, the cobaloximes, have the formula CoR(dmgH)2L, where R is an alkyl group and L is typically pyridine. In such complexes, L and R occupy “axial” positions on the cobalt, perpendicular to the plane of the (dmgH)2. One of the examples of cobaloxime is chloro(pyridine)cobaloxime.
- Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. (1943). "Dimethylglyoxime". Organic Syntheses. ; Collective Volume, 2, p. 204
- Lev Tschugaeff (1905). "Über ein neues, empfindliches Reagens auf Nickel". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. 38 (3): 2520–2522. doi:10.1002/cber.19050380317.
- Girolami, G.. S.; Rauchfuss, T.B.; Angelici, R. J. (1999). Synthesis and Technique in Inorganic Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual (3rd ed.). pp. 213–215.