Diuris corymbosa

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Common donkey orchid
Kings park gnangarra 250815-107.jpg
D. corymbosa growing in Kings Park, Perth
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Diuridinae
Genus: Diuris
Species: D. corymbosa
Binomial name
Diuris corymbosa
Lind.
Synonyms

Diuris corymbosa, commonly called the common donkey orchid or wallflower orchid is a species of orchid which is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. It is similar to the purple pansy orchid (Diuris longifolia) but its flowers are yellow rather than purple or mauve and it flowers earlier in the year. It also resembles the winter donkey orchid (Diuris brumalis) but flowers later than that species. It is one of the most common orchid species in the Perth area, often forms extensive colonies and usually has numerous flowers on the one spike.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Diuris corymbosa is a tuberous, perennial herb, usually growing to a height of 20–40 cm (8–20 in) with two or three leaves emerging at the base, 120–250 mm (5–10 in) long and 5–10 mm (0.2–0.4 in) wide. There are up to eight yellow flowers with purple and brown blotches, 20 mm (0.8 in) long and 20–30 mm (0.8–1 in) wide. The flowers have long, wide donkey ear-like petals, a short, wide erect dorsal sepal and narrow, hanging, sometimes crossed lateral sepals. The labellum has three lobes, the lateral ones broad and spreading and the middle lobe short, inverted V-shaped or flattened. Flowering occurs from September, sometimes August, to October.[1][2]

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

Diuris corymbosa was first formally described in 1840 by John Lindley and the description was published in A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony.[3][4] The specific epithet (corymbosa) is derived from the Latin word corymbus meaning "a bunch of flowers"[5]:214 and the suffix -osus meaning "an abundance of",[5]:44 referring to the flower clusters of this species.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Common donkey orchid occurs between Dongara and Albany where it grows in woodland, often on the margins of swamps.

Conservation[edit]

Diuris corymbosa is classified as "not threatened" by the Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hoffman, Noel; Brown, Andrew (2011). Orchids of South-West Australia (3rd ed.). Gooseberry Hill: Noel Hoffman. p. 462. ISBN 9780646562322. 
  2. ^ a b c Brown, Andrew; Dixon, Kingsley; French, Christopher; Brockman, Garry (2013). Field guide to the orchids of Western Australia : the definitive guide to the native orchids of Western Australia. Simon Nevill Publications. p. 207. ISBN 9780980348149. 
  3. ^ "Duiris corymbosa". APNI. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Lindley, John (1840). A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony (Appendix) (PDF). Piccadilly, London: James Ridgway. p. 51. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. 
  6. ^ "Diuris corymbosa". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.