Dixie Howell (catcher)
April 24, 1920|
|Died: October 5, 1990
Binghamton, New York
|May 6, 1947, for the Pittsburgh Pirates|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 8, 1956, for the Brooklyn Dodgers|
|Runs batted in||93|
Homer Elliott "Dixie" Howell (April 24, 1920 – October 5, 1990) was an American professional baseball player. Born in Louisville, Kentucky, he was a catcher who appeared in 340 games in Major League Baseball over eight seasons between 1947 and 1956 for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Cincinnati Reds and Brooklyn Dodgers. He threw and batted right-handed, stood 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) tall and weighed 190 pounds (86 kg).
Robinson's teammate in Montreal
Howell's professional career began in 1938 after his graduation from Louisville Male High School. By 1941, he had been acquired by the Dodgers and was playing for their top affiliate, the Montreal Royals of the International League. With the outbreak of World War II, he served in the United States Army in the European Theater of Operations and missed the 1944–45 seasons. In 1946 he returned to Montreal and split catching duties for the Royals with left-handed-batting Herman Franks. The 1946 Royals, led by second baseman Jackie Robinson, won the league championship and the Little World Series, but are famous as the first racially integrated team in "organized baseball" since the 1880s. Howell witnessed Robinson's constant battle against intimidation—especially in the form of brushback pitches.
According to Robinson biographer Arnold Rampersad, Howell was one of two Southern-born Montreal players (with Marv Rackley) who personally wished Robinson well on his promotion to the parent Dodgers in April 1947, breaking the baseball color line.
Major League career
Howell also made his Major League debut in 1947, but not for the Dodgers. On May 3, he was traded to the Pirates in a multi-player transaction headlined by former Brooklyn starting pitcher Kirby Higbe, and played his first MLB game three days later, going hitless in three at bats against the Boston Braves' ace right-hander, Johnny Sain. Howell and Clyde Kluttz served as the Bucs' two primary catchers in 1947 and Howell batted an MLB-career-high .276, but at the end of the season he was traded to the Triple-A San Francisco Seals, and spent 1948 in the Pacific Coast League.
Selected by Cincinnati in the 1948 Rule 5 draft, Howell spent the next four seasons (1949–52) in the big leagues with the Reds, serving as their most-used catcher in both 1950 and 1951. But in 1952, the Reds traded for veteran receiver Andy Seminick and Howell appeared in only 17 games. In October, the Dodgers reacquired him for pitcher Clyde King. He played mostly at Triple-A in 1953 and 1954 (when he returned to the Montreal Royals), but spent the entire 1955 season on Brooklyn's National League roster. Playing behind Roy Campanella and Rube Walker, Howell got into only 16 games (13 in the field and nine as a starting catcher). But he batted a creditable .262, and participated in another memorable season that saw Brooklyn win its only world championship, a seven-game triumph over the New York Yankees in the 1955 World Series. Howell, however, did not appear in the World Series.
Howell was sent back to the Royals for most of the 1956 campaign, but was recalled by the pennant-bound Dodgers in August for his final seven games of Major League service. He collected three hits and started in four games, but did not participate in the 1956 World Series, a rematch between the Dodgers and Yankees won by the Bombers in seven games. Howell's career then continued in the minor leagues in 1957–58 before his retirement from the field. As a big leaguer, he collected 224 hits, with 39 doubles and four triples accompanying his 12 home runs.
He is one of three Dixie Howells to have played professional baseball, and his big-league career coincided with that of pitcher Millard "Dixie" Howell, also a Kentuckian. Both Dixie Howells were teammates on the 1949 Cincinnati Reds.
- "Those Who Served," Baseball in Wartime.com
- Kahn, Roger (2014). Rickey & Robinson: The True, Untold Story of the Integration of Baseball. New York: Rodale Books. ISBN 978-1-62336-297-3. Page 211
- Balos, Dick (February 12, 1990). "Jackie Robinson: Simply a great athlete". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- Rampersad, Arnold (1997). Jackie Robinson: A Biography. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-345-42655-X. Page 167
- Retrosheet box score, 1947-5-6