House of Dolgorukov
Crest as of 1798
|Place of origin||Obolensk|
The House of Dolgorukov (Russian: Долгоруков) is a princely Russian family of Rurikid stock. They are a cadet branch of the Obolenskiy family (until 1494 the rulers of Obolensk, one of the Upper Oka Principalities) and as such claiming patrilineal descent from Mikhail of Chernigov (d. 1246).
The founder of the Dolgorukov branch of the Obolenskiy is Prince Ivan Andreevich Oblenskiy (15th century), who for his vengefulness was given the nickname of Долгорукий Dolgorukiy, i.e. "with a long arm". Obolensk was incorporated into the expanding Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1494, and the house of Dolgorukov became a powerful noble family in Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire.
List of members
Among its members were:
- Maria Dolgorukaya (d. 1580), a wife of Ivan IV
- Grigorij Ivanovich Menshoi Thyort ("the Devil") Dolgorukov (Князь Григорий Иванович Меньшой Чёрт Долгоруков), died after 1598, governor under Ivan the Terrible.
- Aleksey Grigorevich Tshertyonok ("Little Devil") Dolgorukov (Князь Алексей Григорьевич Чертёнок Долгоруков), died 1646.
- Maria Vladimirovna Dolgoroukov (d. 1625), first wife of Michael I
- Vasily Vladimirovich Dolgorukov (1667–1746), Russian Field Marshal
- Vasily Lukich Dolgoroukov (1672–1739), Russian diplomat and minister
- Vladimir Petrovich Dolgorukov (1696–1761), Russian General Governor of Livonia and Estonia
- Ekaterina Alekseyevna Dolgorukova (1712–1747), betrothed wife of Peter II
- Vasili Dolgorukov-Krymsky (1722–1782), Russian general and governor of Moscow
- Mikhail Petrovich Dolgorukov (1780-1808), Russian colonel
- Helene Pavlovna Dolgoroukov (1790–1860), grandmother of Blavatsky and Sergei Witte
- Dimitri Ivanovich Dolgorukov (1797–1867), career diplomat
- Vasily Andreyevich Dolgoroukov (1804–1868), Russian minister of war
- Pyotr Dmitriyevich Dolgorukov (1866-1951), Russian liberal politician
- Pyotr Vladimirovich Dolgorukov (1816-1868), Russian nobleman and historian
- Vladimir Andreyevich Dolgorukov, governor-general (mayor) of Moscow 1865-1891
- Catherine Dolgorukov (1847–1922), Princess and morganatic wife of Alexander II
- Pavel Dolgoroukov (1866–1927), prominent liberal politician prior to 1917
- Vasily Alexandrovich Dolgorukov (1868–1918), Court Marshal to Tsar Nicholas II