Institut national de la recherche agronomique

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For other uses, see INRA (disambiguation).
Institut national de la recherche agronomique
Logo of INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research) - version of 2013.jpg
Motto Science & Impact
Formation 1946
Type Governmental organisation
Purpose targeted research
Location
President
François Houllier
Budget
€877.6 million[1]
Staff
8,290[1]
Website www.international.inra.fr

The Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA, pronounced [inʁa]; English: National Institute of Agricultural Research) is a French public research institute dedicated to scientific studies concerning agriculture. It was founded in 1946 and is a Public Scientific and Technical Research Establishment under the joint authority of the Ministries of Research and Agriculture.

INRA leads projects of targeted research for a sustainable agriculture, a safeguarded environment and a healthy and high quality food. Based on the number of publications in agricultural sciences/crops and animal sciences, INRA is the first institute for agricultural research in Europe, and the second in the world.[1] It belongs to the top 1% most cited research institutes.[1]

Missions[edit]

INRA main tasks are:

  • to gather and disseminate knowledge;
  • to build know-how and innovation for the society;
  • to provide expertise to public institutions and private companies;
  • to participate in science-society debates;
  • to train in research.

Staff and Organization[edit]

INRA is a research institute with 1,840 researchers, 1,756 research engineers and 4,694 lab workers/field workers/administrative staff. In addition, 510 PhD students are trained, and 2,552 interns are employed every year.[1]

INRA is composed of 13 scientific departments:

  • Environment and Agronomy
  • Biology and crop breeding
  • Plant health and environment
  • Ecology of forests, meadows and aquatic environments
  • Animal genetics
  • Animal physiology and animal production systems
  • Animal health
  • Characterization and processing of agricultural products
  • Microbiology and food processing
  • Human nutrition
  • Sciences for action and development
  • Social sciences, agriculture and food, territories and environment
  • Applied mathematics and computer sciences

Moreover, INRA provides tools and support to the scientific community: databases, environmental research observatories, genetic resources centers, experimental platforms, etc.

Centers and Partnerships[edit]

In 2014, INRA has 17 regional centres in France, including in the French overseas territories. Most laboratories and facilities located in Paris region are to be moved to the Paris-Saclay research-intensive cluster.[2]

INRA develops partnerships with:

Research on wine and grapes[edit]

INRA maintains a collection of vines at Domaine de Vassal, in Marseillan near Sète, a site where phylloxera cannot survive.[5]Gouais blanc can be found there.

Researches on vine cultivation are conducted in Pech Rouge estate, in Gruissan.[6] INRA also owns the Château Couhins wine-producing estate near Bordeaux. Many wine grapes have been created at INRA stations including Ederena.[7]

INRA was a member of the consortium for the genome sequencing of Vitis vinifera in 2007.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]