Donald Markwell

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For the Montgomery, Alabama, talk radio personality, see Don Markwell

Donald John "Don" Markwell (born 19 April 1959) is an Australian social scientist[1], who has been described as a "renowned Australian educational reformer".[2] In November 2017, it was announced that he would become Head of St Paul's College at the University of Sydney from early 2018.[3] He was Senior Adviser to the Leader of the Government in the Australian Senate from October 2015 to December 2017,[4] and was previously Senior Adviser on Higher Education to the Australian Minister for Education.[5][6]


Early life and education[edit]

Markwell was born in Quilpie, Queensland. He was educated at the University of Queensland, the University of Oxford (where he was the 1981 Rhodes Scholar for Queensland) and Princeton University.[7] He studied economics, law and international relations.

Career[edit]

Markwell was a Research Fellow of New College, Oxford, from 1985 to 1986, and then a Fellow and Tutor in Politics at Merton College, Oxford, from 1986 to 1997.[8] He served as a reforming Warden (president) of Trinity College (University of Melbourne) from 1997 to 2007;[9] Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) of the University of Western Australia from 2007 to 2009;[7] and Warden of Rhodes House, Oxford, from 2009 to 2012 (succeeding Sir Colin Lucas).[10]

From 2007 to 2009, Markwell led a curriculum review at the University of Western Australia. The review proposed significant curriculum reform;[11] it was implemented as "New Courses 2012".[12]

Markwell was the first Rhodes Scholar and the second Australian to serve as Warden of Rhodes House (the global CEO of the Rhodes Trust and the Rhodes Scholarships).[10] As Warden from 2009 to 2012, Markwell expanded activities for Rhodes Scholars in Oxford, expanded alumni communications, events and consultation, initiated governance reform and raised significant funds to support the Rhodes Scholarships.[13] The appointments of several new Rhodes Trustees from around the world included John MacBain, who was later recognized as the "Second Century Founder" of the Rhodes Trust for a gift of £75 million.[14][15] As well as discussing leadership, liberal education and collegiate education, Markwell's speeches drew attention to Cecil Rhodes' goal of promoting international peace.[16] He initiated discussion on increasing the number of countries in which Rhodes Scholarships are offered, leading to the later creation of Rhodes Scholarships for China and other countries.[16][17] He is credited with helping to initiate the review of undergraduate women's leadership at Princeton University, chaired by Nannerl O. Keohane,[18] and of helping to make scholarships in South Africa open to women.[19]

In 2012, Markwell stepped down as Warden of Rhodes House to return to Australia, where his family lives, and to become the Executive Director of the Menzies Research Centre. The Chairman of the Rhodes Trust, John Hood, paid tribute to "the extraordinary energy and commitment Markwell has brought to the advancement of the Rhodes Trust's affairs", and to the "many notable accomplishments under his leadership".[20]

As Executive Director of the Menzies Research Centre (a public policy think tank in Australia named for Australia's longest-serving Prime Minister, Sir Robert Menzies, and associated with the Liberal Party of Australia),[21] his activities included consultations with Julie Bishop for developing a 'New Colombo Plan' to encourage Australian university students to study abroad in Asia-Pacific universities,[22][23][24] and co-editing State of the Nation: aspects of Australian public policy.[25][26]

In October 2013, following the Australian federal election of September 2013, Markwell was appointed as Senior Adviser on Higher Education to the new Australian Minister for Education, Christopher Pyne, MP.[5] In October 2015, after the change of Prime Minister from Tony Abbott to Malcolm Turnbull, he became Senior Adviser to the new Leader of the Government in the Australian Senate, George Brandis, who was also Attorney-General of Australia, until December 2017.[27] Markwell gave constitutional advice to the Prime Minister and Attorney-General during the prorogation, recall, and double dissolution of the Australian Parliament in 2016.[28]

In November 2017, it was announced that he would become Head of St Paul's College at the University of Sydney in early 2018.[29]

Portraits of Markwell hang at Trinity College, University of Melbourne, and Rhodes House, Oxford.[30]

Writings[edit]

Markwell's academic works include contributions to international relations, political science, the history of economic thought, constitutional history and public law, and education. They address such questions as how to promote order and peace in the international society of states, the role of conventions in constitutional systems, and higher education for the 21st century.

John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace[31] was widely cited in the Keynesian revival of 2008 for its emphasis on international economic cooperation (including the international coordination of economic policies, and the development of international economic institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank). It was also cited for its emphasis on economic causes of war and economic means to promote peace,[32] and in a 2013 controversy for rebutting the claim of Niall Ferguson that the ideas in Keynes's The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) were significantly influenced by Keynes's attraction to a German banker, Carl Melchior.[33][34] It is one of a number of Markwell's publications on both John Maynard Keynes,[35] and idealism in international relations (especially interwar idealists, such as Sir Alfred Zimmern [who sought to promote the 'rule of law' in international society],[36] Cecil Rhodes, [who aimed to promote peace through international scholarships], Florence Stawell, and Keynes himself, who sought economic means to promote peace).[16][37]

Markwell's contributions to international relations are in the tradition of the so-called English school of international relations theory, and specifically of Hedley Bull, but with an added emphasis on economic determinants of order in the international society of states. His study of Keynes and Australia traces the links between Keynes and Australia, from Keynes's opposition to the approach of William Morris Hughes to reparations after World War I, through the early impact in Australia of Keynesian ideas in the 1930s and 1940s, to the role of Australia in the creation of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank at Bretton Woods in 1944.[38]

Markwell's writings in political science and public law have been especially concerned with constitutional issues, including federalism, constitutional conventions in the Westminster system, and the monarchy and republicanism in Commonwealth countries, including the reserve powers.[39] He uncovered the extensive history of consultations of judges of the High Court (such as Sir Samuel Griffith and Sir Edmund Barton) by Governor-Generals of Australia.[40] He worked closely with the former Governor-General of Australia, Sir Zelman Cowen, in the writing of A public life: the memoirs of Zelman Cowen[41], including through an oral history project with Sir Zelman Cowen.[42] He spoke at the state memorial service or funeral of two Governors-General of Australia (Sir John Kerr[43] and Sir Zelman Cowen),[44] and has written on "the office of Governor-General".[45]

Markwell's book Constitutional Conventions and the Headship of State: Australian Experience, published in 2016, is a selection of papers focused on constitutional conventions and the role of the Governor-General in Australia.[46]

In 1984 he co-edited with George Brandis and Tom Harley a collection of essays, Liberals face the future: essays on Australian liberalism.[47] In 2013 he co-edited with Rachael Thompson and Julian Leeser a further collection of essays, State of the Nation: aspects of Australian public policy, with critiques of Australian public policy since 2007 by 15 experts.[25][26]

Markwell's A large and liberal education: higher education for the 21st century[48] reflects his advocacy of broad undergraduate education, improving teaching and learning in universities,[49] equity and access, the value of collegiate education and student engagement, and the importance of educational philanthropy. It consists largely of papers from his tenure as Warden of Trinity College, University of Melbourne.

Its sequel, 'Instincts to lead': on leadership, peace, and education,[50] based on Markwell's speeches and writings on those topics as Warden of Rhodes House, Oxford, and as Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) at the University of Western Australia, was published in 2013. The title was drawn from Cecil Rhodes saying in his will that he wanted as Rhodes Scholars young people with 'instincts to lead'.[51]

Publications[edit]

  • George Brandis, Tom Harley and Don Markwell (eds) (1984). Liberals face the future: essays on Australian liberalism. Oxford & Melbourne: Oxford University Press
  • D J Markwell (1987). The Crown and Australia. London: University of London[52]
  • Donald Markwell (2000). Keynes and Australia. Sydney: Reserve Bank of Australia[35]
  • Donald Markwell (ed) (2003). Improving Teaching and Learning in Universities. Melbourne: B-HERT NEWS, Business-Higher Education Round Table[49]
  • Sir Zelman Cowen (2006). A public life: The memoirs of Zelman Cowen. Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing
  • Donald Markwell (2006). John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press
  • Donald Markwell (2007). A large and liberal education: higher education for the 21st century. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing & Trinity College, University of Melbourne
  • Donald Markwell (2009). Keynes and International Economic and Political Relations. Trinity Paper No. 33, Trinity College, University of Melbourne[53]
  • Donald Markwell (2010). The need for breadth: on liberal education and the value of university residential colleges. Ashley Lectures, Trent University, Canada
  • Don Markwell, Rachael Thompson and Julian Leeser (eds) (2013). State of the Nation: aspects of Australian public policy. Connor Court[26]
  • Donald Markwell (2013). 'Instincts to lead': on leadership, peace, and education. Connor Court[50]
  • Donald Markwell (2016). Constitutional Conventions and the Headship of State: Australian Experience. Connor Court[46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.trinity.ox.ac.uk/publications/donald-markwell/
  2. ^ H.M. Evans & T.P. Burt (eds), The Collegiate Way: University Education in a Collegiate Context, Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, 2016, p. 63.
  3. ^ http://www.stpauls.edu.au/archives/9072
  4. ^ "DON MARKWELL (Queensland & Trinity 1981) - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  5. ^ a b "Menzies Research Centre - Public policy ideas with impact for a free society - Dr Don Markwell to become Senior Adviser on Higher Education to Minister for Education". Menziesrc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  6. ^ "Don Markwell is the best qualified for a tough job". Afr.com. 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  7. ^ a b "University of Western Australia leader to head Rhodes Scholarships | University News : The University of Western Australia". News.uwa.edu.au. 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  8. ^ See, e.g., G.H. Martin & J.R.L. Highfield, A History of Merton College, Oxford University Press, 1998. Christopher Hood, Desmond King, & Gillian Peele, eds, Forging a Discipline, Oxford University Press, 2014, page 199]] https://www.trinity.ox.ac.uk/publications/donald-markwell/
  9. ^ See, e.g. Donald Markwell, A Large and Liberal Education, Trinity College, University of Melbourne, and Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2007]]
  10. ^ a b "The Warden of Rhodes House - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "Future Students". Coursestructuresreview.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  12. ^ "Future Students". Newcourses2012.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  13. ^ "'Glimpses of Rhodes' videos - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  14. ^ "Eight new Rhodes Trustees from around the world - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  15. ^ "Rhodes Scholarships receive landmark £75 million donation from McCall MacBain Foundation - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. 2013-09-19. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  16. ^ a b c "Cecil Rhodes's goal of Scholarships promoting peace highlighted - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. 25 September 2011. Archived from the original on 22 September 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "The Rhodes Trust announces the launch of Rhodes Scholarships for China - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. 2015-03-30. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  18. ^ "Fostering Undergraduate Women's Leadership - e-Archive: Shirley M. Tilghman". Princeton.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  19. ^ "New partnerships for South African schools' Rhodes Scholarships - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  20. ^ "Chairman announces Dr Don Markwell's resignation as Warden of Rhodes House - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  21. ^ "Menzies Research Centre - Public policy ideas with impact for a free society - Professor Don Markwell to lead Menzies Research Centre". Menziesrc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  22. ^ "20th anniversary dinner Menzies Research Centre, Speech, 26 Jun 2014, Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, The Hon Julie Bishop MP". Foreignminister.gov.au. 2014-06-26. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  23. ^ "Menzies Research Centre - Public policy ideas with impact for a free society - Expert input at policy roundtable on New Colombo Plan". Menziesrc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  24. ^ "New Rhodes lead to Asia". Afr.com. 2013-04-29. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  25. ^ a b "Menzies Research Centre - Public policy ideas with impact for a free society - State of the Nation: aspects of Australian public policy". Menziesrc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  26. ^ a b c "State of the Nation: Aspects of Australian Public Policy - $29.95 : Connor Court Publishing, Australian Publisher". Connorcourt.com. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  27. ^ "DON MARKWELL (Queensland & Trinity 1981) - The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  28. ^ Donald Markwell (2016). Constitutional Conventions and the Headship of State: Australian Experience. Connor Court. Pages 23-4.
  29. ^ http://www.stpauls.edu.au/archives/9072
  30. ^ "Professor Donald Markwell | Professor Donald Markwell 2006 J…". Flickr. 2011-03-20. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  31. ^ Donald Markwell (2006), John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace, Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ Read. "More Niallism: Keynes opposed Versailles because he was a screaming queen | Coffee House". Blogs.spectator.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  34. ^ "Keynesian Economics: The Gay Science?". Delong.typepad.com. 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  35. ^ a b [2]
  36. ^ E.g., Donald Markwell (1986), 'Sir Alfred Zimmern Revisited: Fifty Years On', Review of International Studies.
  37. ^ [3]
  38. ^ [4]
  39. ^ Donald Markwell (1987). "The Crown and Australia" (PDF). London: University of London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2009. 
  40. ^ Donald Markwell (1999), 'Griffith, Barton and the Early Governor-Generals: Aspects of Australia's Constitutional Development', Public Law Review.
  41. ^ Zelman Cowen (2006), A public life: The memoirs of Zelman Cowen, Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing.
  42. ^ https://researchdata.ands.org.au/oral-history-recordings-don-markwell/123011
  43. ^ "Kingsley Siebel Barrister SC (NSW); Registered Indexer (Aus SI)" (PDF). Forensicacademy.org. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  44. ^ Markwell, Donald (2012). "Browse journals by subject". The Round Table. 101: 23–27. doi:10.1080/00358533.2012.656027. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  45. ^ "Markwell, Donald - "The Office of Governor-General" [2015] MelbULawRw 13; (2015) 38(3) Melbourne University Law Review 1098". Austlii.edu.au. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  46. ^ a b "Constitutional conventions and the headship of state - $49.95 : Connor Court Publishing, Australian Publisher". Connorcourt.com. 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  See review by Michael Crommelin at http://law.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/2494272/11-Crommelin.pdf
  47. ^ George Brandis, Tom Harley, Don Markwell (eds) (1984), Liberals face the future: essays on Australian liberalism, Oxford & Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
  48. ^ Donald Markwell(2007), A large and liberal education: higher education for the 21st century, Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing & Trinity College, University of Melbourne
  49. ^ a b [5]
  50. ^ a b "Instincts to lead - Donald Markwell - $44.95 : Connor Court Publishing, Australian Publisher". Connorcourt.com. 2013-07-11. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  51. ^ [6]
  52. ^ [7]
  53. ^ "Publications | Trinity College - The University of Melbourne". Trinity.unimelb.edu.au. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Revd. Dr. Evan Burge
Warden of Trinity College, University of Melbourne
1997-2007
Succeeded by
Revd. Dr. Andrew McGowan
Preceded by
Sir Colin Lucas
Warden of Rhodes House, Oxford
2009-12
Succeeded by
Mr. Charles R. Conn
Preceded by
Revd. Dr. Ivan Head
Warden of St Paul's College, University of Sydney
2018-
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Julian Leeser
Executive Director of Menzies Research Centre
2012-2013
Succeeded by
Nick Cater