Louis II of Naples
|Duke of Anjou; King of Naples|
|Born||5 October 1377|
|Died||29 April 1417 (aged 39)|
|Spouse||Yolande of Aragon|
|Issue||Louis III, Duke of Anjou
René, Duke of Anjou
Charles of Anjou, Count of Maine
Marie of Anjou, Queen of France
Yolande of Anjou, Duchess of Brabant and Brittany
|House||House of Valois-Anjou|
|Father||Louis I of Anjou|
|Mother||Marie of Blois|
Born in Toulouse, Louis II was the son of Louis I of Anjou, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples, and Marie of Blois. He came into his Angevin inheritance, which included Provence, in 1384, with his rival, Charles of Durazzo, of the senior Angevin line, in possession of Naples.
Most towns in Provence revolted after the death of his father. His mother then raised an army and they traveled from town to town, to gain support. Louis was recognized as Count of Provence in 1387. He founded a university in Aix-en-Provence in 1409.
In 1386, Charles of Durazzo's son, the underage Ladislaus, was expelled from Naples soon after his father died. Louis II was crowned King of Naples by the Avignonese antipope Clement VII on 1 November 1389 and took possession of Naples the following year. He was ousted in turn by his rival in 1399.
In 1409, Louis liberated Rome from Ladislaus' occupation; in 1410, as an ally of the antipope John XXIII he attacked Ladislaus and defeated him at Roccasecca (1411). Eventually Louis lost his Neapolitan support and had to retire. His claim to Naples passed to his son, Louis III.
He married his first cousin once removed Yolande of Aragon (1384–1443) in Arles in 1400, giving him a possibility of inheriting the throne of Aragon through her right. Her father, King John I of Aragon had died in 1396, and her uncle king Martin I of Aragon died in 1410.
His son, Louis, was initially betrothed to Catherine of Burgundy, a daughter of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy. However, after the Duke of Burgundy instigated a mob attack on the Dauphin of France, Louis and his wife joined the Armagnac Faction. The betrothal to Catherine was repudiated, which caused the enmity of the Duke of Burgundy.
Louis II died at his chateau of Angers, the county town of Anjou; he is buried there.
Louis and Yolande had five surviving children:
- Louis III of Anjou, titular King of Naples and Duke of Anjou.
- René of Anjou, King of Naples and Duke of Anjou.
- Charles of Anjou (1414–1472), Count of Maine.
- Marie of Anjou (1404–1463), married 1422 at Bourges, King Charles VII of France.
- Yolande of Anjou (1412, Arles – 1440), married firstly Philip I, Duke of Brabant, and secondly in 1431, Francis I, Duke of Brittany.
- Allmand, C. T., ed. (2000). War, Government and Power in Late Medieval France. Liverpool University Press.
- Kekewich, Margaret L. (2008). The Good King: René of Anjou and Fifteenth Century Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.
Louis II of Naples
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
|King of Naples
1389 – 1399
|Duke of Anjou
Count of Maine,
Piedmont and Provence
1384 – 1417
|— TITULAR —
King of Naples
1384 – 1417