Eastern City Gate
Eastern City Gate of Belgrade оr Istočna Kapija Beograda (Serbian: Источна Капија Београда) is a complex of three large residential buildings situated near the E-75 motorway in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, and is among the most prominent structures along the Belgrade skyline. The complex, which is officially named Rudo, was finished in 1976 and is considered one of the symbols of the city, and of the Yugoslav Socialism in general.
The Eastern Gate is located in the neighborhood of Konjarnik, north of the European route E75, in the municipality of Zvezdara. It is situated in the eastern extension of the neighborhood, between Učiteljsko Naselje and Mali Mokri Lug.
Eastern Gate was constructed from 1973 to 1976. The buildings were designed by architect Vera Ćirković and civil engineer Milutin Jerotijević. The complex consists of three buildings and each of them has 28 storeys and 190 apartments. They are 85 m (279 ft) tall each. Just like its western counterpart, the Western City Gate, it was built in the brutalist style.
All three buildings are step-like and triangular shaped, built in a circle so it always visually appears than one is between the other two. Buildings, styled Rudo 1, Rudo 2 and Rudo 3, were settled in 1976, but never fully completed, as the facade wasn't finished. Since the 1990s, due to the lack of maintenance, buildings were known for elevator and water pumps problems. Partial repairs began in 2001, continued in 2004 and intensified in May 2008, mostly concerning the elevators, pumps and terraces.
In 2010, the tenants began collecting funds for the further repairs and in 2012 they started an initiative to fix the problems with the façades. By 2013, concrete chunks up to 60 kg (130 lb) began to fall off the buildings. Experts from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Civil Engineering described the façade as being in "extremely bad shape". It was estimated that to repair the façade to modern standards it would cost €4 million. The plain, classical façade alone would cost €2 million, as it covers an area of 30,000 m2 (320,000 sq ft) and special, high cranes and scaffolds, up to 80 m (260 ft) tall, will be needed. By that point, the tenants and the municipality collected only €110,000. They also had talks with the state government, but they refused to allow the construction of the plain façade as the energy efficient one is obligatory by the new laws.
- D.Jokić (7 May 2008), "Lickanje Istočne kapije Beograda", Politika (in Serbian)
- Borislav Stojkov (24 November 2018). "Људи спаковани у полице" [Shelved people]. Politika-Kulturni dodatak, year LXII, No. 33 (in Serbian). p. 07.
- Beograd - plan i vodič. Geokarta. 1999. ISBN 86-459-0006-8.
- Beograd - plan grada. M@gic M@p. 2006. ISBN 86-83501-53-1.
- "Бeоград не расте у небо већ четири деценије" [Belgrade has not been rising for 4 decades]. Politika. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- Daliborka Mučibabić (22 May 2013), "Za nove fasade Istočne kapije četiri miliona evra", Politika (in Serbian), p. 17
- Vladimir Vukasović (21 April 2008), "Kraj mukama stanara Istočne kapije", Politika (in Serbian)
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