Eastern York School District

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Eastern York School District
More Color Map of York County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Address
P.O. Box 150
Wrightsville School Campus
Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, York County 17368-0150
United States
Information
Type Public
School board 9 locally elected by region
Superintendent

Dr. Darla Pianowski (5 year contract renew July 2010 salary $147,876, $159,000 in 2012)
Dr. Rita Becker - Assistant Superintendent (salary $131,438 in 2012)
Teresa Weaver - Business Manager (salary $98,450 in 2012)
Sean Heist - Director of Transportation and Child Accounting
Polly Lamison - Special Education (salary $88,778 in 2012)

Heiser, Kathleen= Director of Management Info System (salary $80,732 in 2012)
Principal Shue, Mark, (salary $105,538 in 2012)
Principal Westerman, Paula (salary $105,000 in 2012)
Principal Gillett, Donald, ES (salary $93,054 in 2012)
Principal Mitzel, Timothy (salary $89,500 in 2012)
Principal Moczulski, Mary, ES (salary $86,847 in 2012)
Faculty 189 teacher in 2012[1]
Grades K-12
Age 5 years old to 21 years old special education students
Pupils 2583 (2012) [2]
 • Kindergarten 189
 • Grade 1 223
 • Grade 2 190
 • Grade 3 183
 • Grade 4 208
 • Grade 5 186
 • Grade 6 200(2012)
 • Grade 7 208
 • Grade 8 197
 • Grade 9 193 (2012)
 • Grade 10 182
 • Grade 11 189
 • Grade 12 188
Campus type Suburban/Rural
Mascot Golden Knights
Budget

$39,688,072 in 2012-13[3]

$37,507,204 in 2011-12[4]
Per pupil spending $12,427 (2008)
Website

The Eastern York School District is a midsized, suburban, public school district. It covers approximately 54 square miles (140 km2) of east, central York County in the South Central region of Pennsylvania. The District overlooks the Susquehanna River and is made up of six municipalities which include East Prospect Borough, Hallam Borough, Hellam Township, Lower Windsor Township, Yorkana Borough, and Wrightsville Borough. According to 2000 federal census data, it served a resident population of 17,768. The US Census bureau reported that the population grew to 19,565 people in 2010.[5] Per Eastern York School District officials, in school year 2007-08, Eastern York School District provided basic educational services to 2,665 pupils. It employed: 217 teachers, 167 full-time and part-time support personnel and 21 administrators. In 2010, the District reported having 2,540 pupils; with 198 teachers enployed. Eastern York School District received more than $11.3 million in state funding in school year 2007-08.

Eastern York School District operates 5 schools: Eastern York High School (9-12), Eastern York Middle School (6-8), Canadochly Elementary School (K-5), Kreutz Creek Elementary School (K-5) and Wrightsville Elementary School (K-5).

Governance[edit]

Eastern York School District is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve four-year terms). The district is divided into three regions and 3 board members are selected within each region. The District is also controlled by the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[6] The federal government controls programs it funds like Title I funding for low-income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandates the district focus its resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.

The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "D-" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.[7]

Academic achievement[edit]

Eastern York School District was ranked 261st out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2013 by the Pittsburgh Business Times.[8] The ranking was based on the last three years of student academic achievement on the PSSA results on: reading, writing, math and science.[9] The PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through 8th and the 11th grade in high school. Adapted examinations are given to children in the special education programs.

  • 2012 - 330th [10]
  • 2011 - 341st [11]
  • 2010 - 329th [12]
  • 2009 - 364th
  • 2008 - 401st
  • 2007 - 436th of 500 school districts in Pennsylvania.[13]

In 2012, the Pittsburgh Business Times reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts. Eastern York School District ranked 322nd. The paper describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced-price lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, and any district above the median point is exceeding expectations."[14]

  • 2012 - 416th
  • 2011 - 458th
  • 2010 - 462nd
  • 2009 - 484th

In 2009, the academic achievement of the students of Eastern York School District was in the lower 36th percentile among 500 Pennsylvania school districts. Scale - (0-99; 100 is state best) [15]

District AYP status history: In 2012, Eastern York School District achieved AYP status.[16] In 2011, Eastern York School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP).[17] In 2011, 94 percent of the 500 Pennsylvania public school districts achieved the No Child Left Behind Act progress level of 72% of students reading on grade level and 67% of students demonstrating on grade level math. In 2011, 46.9 percent of Pennsylvania school districts achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) based on student performance. An additional 37.8 percent of Pennsylvania public school districts made AYP based on a calculated method called safe harbor, 8.2 percent on the growth model and 0.8 percent on a two-year average performance.[18] Eastern York School District achieved AYP status each year from 2004 to 2010, while in 2003 Eastern York School District was in Warning status due to lagging student achievement.[19]

Graduation rate[edit]

In 2012, Eastern York School District had a 91% graduation rate.[20] In 2011, the high school graduation rate was 88% at Eastern York School District.[21] In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. Eastern York High School's rate was 87.85% for 2010.[22]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations

High school[edit]

Eastern York High School is located at 720 Cool Creek Road, Wrightsville. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, Eastern York High School reported an enrollment of 748 pupils in grades 9th through 12th, with 149 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch. The school employed 61 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 12:1.[27] In 2010 through 2012, Eastern York High School achieved AYP status using Safe Harbor metrics for reading in 2012.[17] According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 17 teachers were rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act.[28] In 2012, 64 courses were taught by teachers who were not rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind.[29]

PSSA Results
11th Grade Reading
  • 2012 - 74% on grade level (10% below basic). State - 67% of 11th graders are on grade level.[30]
  • 2011 - 72% (14% below basic). State - 69.1%[31]
  • 2010 - 68% (12% below basic). State - 66% [32]
  • 2009 - 63%, State - 65% [33]
  • 2008 - 61%, State - 65% [34]
  • 2007 - 65%, State - 65% [35]
11th Grade Math
  • 2012 - 72% on grade level (11% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level.[36]
  • 2011 - 62% (20% below basic). State - 60.3% [37]
  • 2010 - 68% (20% below basic). State - 59%
  • 2009 - 56%, In Pennsylvania, 56%
  • 2008 - 51%, State - 55%
  • 2007 - 52%, State - 53%
11th Grade Science
  • 2012 - 41% on grade level (9% below basic). State - 42% of 11th graders were on grade level.[38]
  • 2011 - 33% (13% below basic). State - 40%[39]
  • 2010 - 40% (18% below basic). State - 39%
  • 2009 - 36%, State - 40% [40]
  • 2008 - 35%, State - 39% [41]

College remediation rate[edit]

According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 37% of Eastern York Senior High School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[42] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[43] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment[edit]

Eastern York High School offers a dual enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school, including the graduation ceremony. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[44] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[45] For the 2009-10 funding year, Eastern York School District received a state grant of $6,159 for the program.[46] In 2010, Governor Edward Rendell eliminated the grants to students, from the Commonwealth, due to a state budget crisis.

SAT scores[edit]

In 2012, 103 Eastern York School District students took the SAT exams. The District's Verbal Average Score was 481. The Math average score was 490. The Writing average score was 460. The statewide Verbal SAT exams results were: Verbal 491, Math 501, Writing 480. In the USA, 1.65 million students took the exams achieving scores: Verbal 496, Math 514, Writing 488. According to the College Board the maximum score on each section was 800, and 360 students nationwide scored a perfect 2,400.

From January to June 2011, 109 Eastern York School District students took the SAT exams. The district's Verbal Average Score was 506. The Math average score was 511. The Writing average score was 493.[47] Pennsylvania ranked 40th among states with SAT scores: Verbal - 493, Math - 501, Writing - 479.[48] In the United States 1.65 million students took the exam in 2011. They averaged 497 (out of 800) verbal, 514 math and 489 in writing.[49]

Graduation requirements[edit]

The Eastern York School Board has determined that a pupil must earn 28 credits to graduate, including: Mathematics 4 credits, English 4 credits, social studies 4 credits, science 4 credits, Arts and Humanities 2 credits, Physical Education 1.5 credits, Health 1 credit, Computer education 2 credits, Career Development .25 credit, Family Life Skills .25 credit and electives.[50]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[51] Effective with the graduating class of 2017, the Pennsylvania Board of Education eliminated the state mandate that students complete a culminating project in order to graduate.[52]

By Pennsylvania School Board regulations, beginning with the class of 2017, public school students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, and English Literature by passing the Keystone Exams.[53][54][55] For the class of 2019, a composition exam will be added. For the class of 2020, passing a civics and government exam will be added to the graduation requirements.[56] In 2011, Pennsylvania high school students field tested the Algebra 1, Biology and English Lit exams. The statewide results were: Algebra 1 38% on grade level, Biology 35% on grade level and English Lit - 49% on grade level.[57] Individual student, school or district reports were not made public, although they were reported to district officials by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Students identified as having special needs and qualifying for an Individual Educational Program (IEP) may graduate by meeting the requirements of their IEP.

Middle school[edit]

Eastern York Middle School is located at 746 Cool Creek Road, Wrightsville. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 594 pupils in grades 6th through 8th, with 164 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch. The school employed 52 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 11:1.[58] According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of its teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind in both 2011 and 2012.[59]

In 2012, Eastern York Middle School was determined to have achieved AYP status, by using Safe Harbor and Confidence intervals metrics in both reading and mathematics. The sixth grader's reading achievement declined precipitously in 2012.[60] In 2010 and 2011, Eastern York Middle School was in Warning status due to lagging student achievement in reading.[61]

PSSA Results:
8th Grade Reading:
  • 2012 - 88% on grade level (5% below basic). State - 79%[36]
  • 2011 - 84% (10% below basic). State - 81.8% [62]
  • 2010 - 79% (13% below basic). State - 81% [63]
  • 2009 - 84%, State - 80% [64]
  • 2008 - 86%, State - 78%
8th Grade Math:
  • 2012 - 82% on grade level (6% below basic). State - 76% [65]
  • 2011 - 79% (9% below basic). State - 76.9%
  • 2010 - 69% (15% below basic). State - 75% [66]
  • 2009 - 77%, State - 71% [67]
  • 2008 - 69%, State - 70%
8th Grade Science:
  • 2012 - 71% on grade level (14% below basic). State - 59%
  • 2011 - 67% (13% below basic). State – 58.3%
  • 2010 - 65% (21% below basic). State – 57% [68]
  • 2009 - 65%, State - 55%
  • 2008 - 61%, State - 52% [69]

Elementary schools[edit]

Canadochly Elementary School[edit]

Canadochly Elementary School is located at 100 Abels Road, East Prospect. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 413 pupils in grades kindergarten through 5th, with 160 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch. The school employed 29 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 14:1.[70]

In 2012, Canadochly Elementary School declined to Warning Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status due to lagging reading achievement.[71] In both 2010 and 2011, Canadochly Elementary School achieved AYP status.[72]

4th Grade Science
  • 2012 - 84%, 59% advanced (3% below basic). State - 82%
  • 2011 - 85%, 58% advanced (6% below basic). State - 82.9%
  • 2010 - 83%, (10% below basic). State - 81%

Kreutz Creek Elementary School[edit]

Kreutz Creek Elementary School is located at 50 North Lee Street, Hellam. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 398 pupils in grades kindergarten through 5th, with 146 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch. The school employed 27 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 14:1.[75]

In 2010 through 2012, Kreutz Creek Elementary achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status.[76]

In 2012, 84% of 3rd through 5th graders at Kreutz Creek Elementary School were on grade level in mathematics, with 50% achieving advanced. Just 73% percent of 3rd through 5th graders were reading on grade level, with no subgroup meeting on grade level benchmarks. In science, 86% of the 4th grade was on grade level, with 57% scoring advanced.[77]

In 2011, 82% of 3rd through 5th graders at Kreutz Creek Elementary School were on grade level in mathematics. Only 72% percent of 3rd through 5th graders were reading on grade level. In science, 91% of the 4th grade was on grade level, with 57% scoring Advanced.[78]

Wrightsville Elementary School[edit]

Wrightsville Elementary School is located at 320 Chestnut Street, Wrightsville. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, Wrightsville Elementary School reported an enrollment of 387 pupils in grades kindergarten through 5th, with 111 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch. The school employed 27 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 14:1.[79] According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of its teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind.[80] In 2010 through 2012, Wrightsville Elementary School achieved AYP status.[81]

In 2012, 92% of 3rd through 5th graders at Wrightsville Elementary School were on grade level in mathematics, with 65% achieving advanced. In basic reading, 81% percent of 3rd through 5th graders were on grade level. In science, 98% of the 4th grade was on grade level, with 63% scoring Advanced.[82]

In 2011, 89% of 3rd through 5th graders at Wrightsville Elementary School were on grade level in mathematics. Only sixty six percent (66%) of 3rd through 5th graders were reading on grade level. In science, 98% of the 4th grade was on grade level, with 68% scoring Advanced.[82]

Special education[edit]

In December 2010, Eastern York School District administration reported that 435 pupils or 16% of the District's pupils received Special Education services, with 47.6% of the identified students having a specific learning disability.[83] In December 2009, Eastern York School District's administration reported that 430 pupils or 16% of the district's pupils received Special Education services, with % of the identified students having a specific learning disability. Special education services in the Commonwealth are provided to students from ages three years to 21 years old. In the 2010-11 school year, the total student enrollment was more than 1.78 million students with approximately 275,000 students eligible for special education services. Among these students 18,959 were identified with mental retardation and 21,245 students with autism.[84] The largest group of students are identified as Specific Learning Disabilities 126,026 students (46.9 percent) and Speech or Language Impairments with 43,542 students (16.2 percent).

In order to comply with state and federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act rules and regulations, the school district engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress.[85] To identify students who may be eligible for special education services, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Special Education administration. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the Eastern York School District. Parents may also contact the District's Special Education Department directly at the administration offices.[86][87]

In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding.[88] The Special Education funding structure is through the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) funds and state appropriations. IDEA funds are appropriated to the state on an annual basis and distributed through intermediate units (IUs) to school districts, while state funds are distributed directly to the districts. Total funds that are received by school districts are calculated through a formula. The Pennsylvania Department of Education oversees four appropriations used to fund students with special needs: Special Education; Approved Private Schools; Pennsylvania Chartered Schools for the Deaf and Blind; and Early Intervention. The Pennsylvania Special Education funding system assumes that 16% of the district’s students receive special education services. It also assumes that each student’s needs accrue the same level of costs.[89] Over identification of students, in order to increase state funding, has been an issue in the Commonwealth. Some districts have more than 20% of its students receiving special education services while others have 10% supported through special education.[90] The state requires each public school district and charter school to have a three-year special education plan to meet the unique needs of its special education students.[91] In 2012, the Obama Administration's US Department of Education issued a directive that schools include students with disabilities in extracurricular activities, including sports.[92]

Eastern York School District received a $1,743,378 supplement for special education services in 2010.[93] For the 2011-12 and 2012-13 school years, all Pennsylvania public school districts received the same level of funding for special education that they received in 2010-11. This level funding is provided regardless of changes in the number of pupils who need special education services and regardless of the level of services the respective students required.[94][95]

Gifted education[edit]

Eastern York School District Administration reported that 74 or 2.91% of its students were gifted in 2009. The highest percentage of gifted students reported among all 500 school districts and 100 public charter schools in Pennsylvania was North Allegheny School District with 15.5% of its students identified as gifted.[96] By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.[97][98]

Wellness policy[edit]

The Eastern York School Board established a district wellness policy in 2006 - Policy 246.[99] The policy deals with nutritious meals served at school, the control of access to some foods and beverages during school hours, age appropriate nutrition education for all students, and physical education for students K-12. The policy is in response to state mandates and federal legislation (P.L. 108 - 265). The law dictates that each school district participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq) "shall establish a local school wellness policy by School Year 2006."

The legislation placed the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level so the individual needs of each district can be addressed. According to the requirements for the Local Wellness Policy, school districts must set goals for nutrition education, physical activity, campus food provision, and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Additionally, districts were required to involve a broad group of individuals in policy development and to have a plan for measuring policy implementation. Districts were offered a choice of levels of implementation for limiting or prohibiting low nutrition foods on the school campus. In final implementation these regulations prohibit some foods and beverages on the school campus.[100] The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the district to submit a copy of the policy for approval.

Budget[edit]

Pennsylvania public school districts budget and expend funds according to procedures mandated by the General Assembly and the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE). An annual operating budget is prepared by school district administrative officials. A uniform form is furnished by the PDE and submitted to the board of school directors for approval prior to the beginning of each fiscal year on July 1.

Under Pennsylvania’s Taxpayer Relief Act, Act 1 of the Special Session of 2006, all school districts of the first class A, second class, third class and fourth class must adopt a preliminary budget proposal. The proposal must include estimated revenues and expenditures and the proposed tax rates. This proposed budget must be considered by the Board no later than 90 days prior to the date of the election immediately preceding the fiscal year. The preliminary budget proposal must also be printed and made available for public inspection at least 20 days prior to its adoption. The board of school directors may hold a public hearing on the budget, but are not required to do so. The board must give at least 10 days’ public notice of its intent to adopt the final budget according to Act 1 of 2006.[101]

In 2011, the average teacher salary in Eastern York School District had increased to $60,426.09 a year, while the cost of the benefits teachers receive was $13,387.58 per employee, for a total annual average teacher compensation of $73,813.66.[102] According to a study conducted at the American Enterprise Institute, in 2011, public school teachers’ total compensation is roughly 50 percent higher than they would likely receive in the private sector. The study found that the most generous benefits that teachers receive are not accounted for in many studies of compensation, including: pension, retiree health benefits and job security.[103]

In 2009, the district reported employing 303 teachers and administrators with a median salary of %57,735 and a top salary of $147,835.[104] Teacher work 188 days with 180 student days. The work day is 7.5 hours with a 30-minute duty-free lunch and a daily preparation period. Additionally, the teachers receive a defined benefit pension, health insurance, dental insurance, vision insurance, life insurance, professional development reimbursement, 2-3 paid personal days depending on longevity, 10 paid sick days, and other benefits. Retiring teacher receive a severance payment for unused sick days with a maximum of over $15,000.[104][105]

In 2007, Eastern York School District employed 204 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $51,567 for 188 days worked.[106] In 2007, the district's starting salary was $37,400 and the top teacher salary was $68,805.[107]

Eastern York School District administrative costs was $690.78 per pupil in 2008. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 in 2008.[108] In 2007, the Average District Administrator salary in Eastern York School District was $75,749. The Average School Administrator salary in Eastern York School District was $71,805 which ranked sixth in York County.[109] In February 2010, the Eastern York School Board awarded a five-year contract effective July 1, 2010 to Darla Pianowski, as Superintendent. In 2009, Dr Pianowski earned $141,240. In July 2010, her salary increased 8 percent to $160,000 a year. For the remaining four years of the contract she will receive a five percent increase that will take her salary to over $194,000 by the 2014-2015 school year.[110] In 2012 her salary was $159,000. She was also awarded an extensive benefits package which includes: health insurance, life insurance, annual dues, paid travel, 20 days paid vacation, defined benefit pension and more.[111]

Reserves In 2008, Eastern York School District reported a $2,797,662.00 in its unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as $1,880,000.00.[112] In 2010, Eastern York Administration reported an increase to $2,832,280.00 in the unreserved-undesignated fund and $2,740,000 in its Unreserved - Designated Fund. Pennsylvania school district reserve funds are divided into two categories – designated and undesignated. The undesignated funds are not committed to any planned project. Designated funds and any other funds, such as capital reserves, are allocated to specific projects. School districts are required by state law to keep 5 percent of their annual spending in the undesignated reserve funds to preserve bond ratings. By law the state limits the total unreserved-undesignated fund balance at 8% of the annual budget for school districts that have budgets over $19 million a year. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, from 2003 to 2010, as a whole, Pennsylvania school districts amassed nearly $3 billion in reserved funds.[113]

Per Pupil spending In 2008, Eastern York School District administration reported that per pupil spending was $12,427 which ranked 230th among Pennsylvania's 501 school districts. In 2010, the per pupil spending had increased to $13,344.[114] Among the states, Pennsylvania’s total per pupil revenue (including all sources) ranked 11th at $15,023 per student, in 2008-09.[115] In 2007, the Pennsylvania per pupil total expenditures was $12,759.[116]

Audit In June 2010, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the district. The findings were reported to the school board and administration.[117]

Tuition Students who live in the Eastern York School District's attendance area may choose to attend one of Pennsylvania's 157 public charter schools. A student living in a neighboring public school district or a foreign exchange student may seek admission to Eastern York School District. For these cases, the Pennsylvania Department of Education sets an annual tuition rate for each school district. It is the amount the public school district pays to a charter school for each resident student that attends the charter and it is the amount a nonresident student's parents must pay to attend the Eastern York School District's schools. The 2012 tuition rates are Elementary School - $8,663.74, High School - $10,230.63.[118]

In June 2012, the Eastern York School Board cut $814,000 from the administration's proposed 2012-13 budget, by reducing the technology budget, reducing the buildings and grounds budget, reducing estimated utility costs, eliminating an elementary librarian position, eliminating a career counselor at the high school, eliminating one special education teacher at the high school and reducing summer help.

APA Study According to an extensive study of York County public school districts conducted by APA Associates in 2008, Eastern York School District achieved a +2 rating based on Performance and Relative Efficiency. Central York School District and Northeastern York School District both achieved a ranking of +10. Eleven out of 16 York County district achieved a positive rating.[119]

Eastern York School District is funded by a combination of taxes: a local earned income tax of 1%, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax 0.5%, Per Capita Tax Section 679 - $5, Per Capita Tax Act 511 - $5, Occupation Flat Tax - Act 511 $10, Local Services Tax - $10.,[120] coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Interest earnings on reserve accounts provides nontax income to the District.[121] Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax, regardless of the income level.[122]

State basic education funding[edit]

For the 2012-13 school year, Eastern York School District received $7,164,645.[123] The Governor's Executive Budget for 2012-2013 included $9.34 billion for kindergarten through 12th grade public education, including $5.4 billion in basic education funding, which was an increase of $49 million over the 2011-12 budget. In addition, the Commonwealth provided $100 million for the Accountability Block grant program. Eastern York School District received $159,195. The state also provided a $544.4 million payment for School Employees’ Social Security and $856 million for School Employees’ Retirement fund called PSERS.[124] This amount is a $21,823,000 increase (0.34%) over the 2011-2012 appropriations for Basic Education Funding, School Employees' Social Security, Pupil Transportation, Nonpublic and Charter School Pupil Transportation. Since taking office, Corbett’s first two budgets have restored more than $918 million in support of public schools, compensating for the $1 billion in federal stimulus dollars lost at the end of the 2010-11 school year.

In 2011-12, Eastern York School District received a $7,005,450 allocation, of state Basic Education Funding.[125][126] Additionally, the School District received $159,234 in Accountability Block Grant funding. The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget included $5,354,629,000 for the 2011-2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010-2011.[127] The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to Duquesne City School District, which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12.[128] In 2010, the district reported that 763 students received free or reduced-price lunches, due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.[129]

In the 2010-11 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 3.48% increase in Basic Education Funding (BEF) for a total of $7,412,624 to Eastern York School District. Among the public school districts in York County, the highest increase went to Hanover Public School District which got an 8.39% increase. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. The highest BEF increase statewide went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding.[130] The state's hold harmless policy regarding state basic education funding continued where a public school district received at least the same amount as the year before, even where enrollment had significantly declined. The amount of increase each school district received was set by Governor Edward Rendell and then Secretary of Education Gerald Zahorchak, as a part of the state budget proposal given each February. This was the second year of the Governor Rendell’s policy to fund some districts at a far greater rate than others.

In the 2009-2010 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 5.81% increase in Basic Education Funding for a total of $7,412,691 to Eastern York School District.[131] The District also received supplemental funding for English language learners, Title 1 federal funding for low-income students, for district size, a poverty supplement from the commonwealth and more.[132] Central York School District was allotted the highest state Basic Education Funding increase among York County public schools, for the 2009-10 school year. In York County, 12 school districts received less than 6% increase in state basic education funding in 2010 and three districts received the base 2% increase. Ninety public school district in the Commonwealth received the base 2% funding increase. Among the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received the highest with a 22.31% increase in funding.[133] The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.[134]

The state Basic Education funding to the Eastern York School District, in 2008-09, was $7,005,876.24. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 642 students received free or reduced-price lunches due to low family income in the 2007-2008 school year.[135]

Accountability Block Grants[edit]

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students. For 2008-09, Eastern York School District applied for and received $432,094 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The District used the funding to provide full-day kindergarten for 243 students for the 4th year.[136][137]

Classrooms for the Future grant[edit]

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Eastern York School District did not apply to participate in 2006-07 nor did it apply in 2007-08. The District received $131,634 in 2008-09.[138] In York County the highest award was given to West Shore School District which received $1,023,131. The highest funding statewide was awarded to Philadelphia City School District in Philadelphia County - $9,409,073. In 2010, Classrooms for the Future funding was curtailed statewide, by Governor Edward Rendell due to a massive state budget financial crisis.

Other grants[edit]

The District did not participate in: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's Environmental Education grants, PA Science Its Elementary grants, Education Assistance Grants, 2012 Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy grant, nor the 21st Century learning grants.

Federal Stimulus grant[edit]

Eastern York School District received an extra $1,684,221 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low-income students.[139] The funding was limited to the 2009-10 and 2010-2011 school years.[140] Due to the temporary nature of the funding, schools were repeatedly advised to use the funds for one-time expenditures like acquiring equipment, making repairs to buildings, training teachers to provide more effective instruction or purchasing books and software.

Race to the Top[edit]

Eastern York School District officials did not apply for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district up to hundreds of thousands of additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[141] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Central Yorkg was one of six York County school districts that applied to participate.[142] Pennsylvania was not approved in the first round of the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved. A second round of state RTTT application judging will occur in June 2010.[143]

Real estate taxes[edit]

Property tax rates in 2012-13 were set by the Eastern York School Board at 19.3500 mills.[144] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. Property taxes, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, apply only to real estate - land and buildings. The property tax is not levied on cars, business inventory, or other personal property. Certain types of property are exempt from property taxes, including: places of worship, places of burial, private social clubs, charitable and educational institutions and government property. Additionally, service related, disabled US military veterans may seek an exemption from paying property taxes. Pennsylvania school district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[145] When the school district includes municipalities in two counties, each of which has different rates of property tax assessment, a state board equalizes the tax rates between the counties.[146] In 2010, miscalculations by the State Tax Equalization Board (STEB) were widespread in the Commonwealth and adversely impacted funding for many school districts, including those that did not cross county borders.[147]

  • 2011-12 - 19.0500 mills [148]
  • 2010-11 - 18.8500 mills [149]
  • 2009-10 - 18.3400 mills.[150]
  • 2008-09 - 18.3400 mills.[151]
  • 2007-08 - 17.3800 mills.[152]
  • 2006-07 - 16.1000 mills.[153]
  • 2005-06 - 19.2000 mills.[154]

The average yearly property tax paid by York County residents amounts to about 4.01% of their yearly income. York County ranked 232nd of the 3143 United States counties for property taxes as a percentage of median income.[155] According to a report prepared by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, the total real estate taxes collected by all school districts in Pennsylvania rose from $6,474,133,936 in 1999-00 to $10,438,463,356 in 2008-09 and to $11,153,412,490 in 2011.[156] Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[157]

Act 1 Adjusted index[edit]

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each public school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2010-2011 school year is 2.9 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions, including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[158] In June 2011, the Pennsylvania General Assembly eliminated six of the ten exceptions to the Act 1 Index.[159] The following exceptions were maintained: 1) costs to pay interest and principal on indebtedness incurred prior to September 4, 2004 for Act 72 schools and prior to June 27, 2006 for non-Act 72 schools; 2) costs to pay interest and principal on electoral debt; 3) costs incurred in providing special education programs and services (beyond what is already paid by the State); and 4) costs due to increases of more than the Index in the school’s share of payments to PSERS (PA school employees pension fund) taking into account the state mandated PSERS contribution rate.[160][161]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Eastern York School District 2006-2007 through 2010-2011.[162]

For the 2012-13 budget year, Eastern York School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index. For 2012-2013, 274 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 223 school districts adopted a preliminary budget leaving open the option of exceeded the Index limit. For the exception for pension costs, 194 school districts received approval to exceed the Index. For special education costs, 129 districts received approval to exceed the tax limit. For the exception for pension costs, 194 school districts received approval to exceed the Index. For special education costs, 129 districts received approval to exceed the tax limit.[165]

For the 2011-12 school year, Eastern York School Board applied for three exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index: special educations costs, pension costs and Maintenance of Selected Revenue Sources. Each year, Eastern York School Board has the option of adopting either 1) a resolution in January certifying they will not increase taxes above their index or 2) a preliminary budget in February. A school district adopting the resolution may not apply for referendum exceptions or ask voters for a tax increase above the inflation index. A specific timeline for these decisions is published annually, by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.[166]

According to a state report, for the 2011-12 school year budgets, 247 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 250 school districts adopted a preliminary budget. Of the 250 school districts that adopted a preliminary budget, 231 adopted real estate tax rates that exceeded their index. Tax rate increases in the other 19 school districts that adopted a preliminary budget did not exceed the school district’s index. Of the districts who sought exceptions: 221 used the pension costs exemption and 171 sought a Special Education costs exemption. Only 1 school district sought an exemption for Nonacademic School Construction Project, while 1 sought an exception for Electoral debt for school construction.[167]

Eastern York School Board did not apply for any exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budget in 2010-11.[168] For 2009-10 school budget, the board also did not apply for any exceptions to exceed the Index.[169] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[170]

Property tax relief[edit]

In 2010, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Eastern York School District was $131 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 4,262 property owners applied for the tax relief.[171] In 2009, the district's property tax relief amount was set at $133 to 5,444 approved homestead owners. In 2010 within York County, the highest amount went to York City School District set at $495 per approved homestead. The property tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres (40,000 m2) and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $632 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[172] This was the second year they were the top recipient.

In Pennsylvania, the homestead exclusion reduces the assessed values of homestead properties, reducing the property tax on these homes. The homestead exclusion allows homeowners real property tax relief of up to one half of the median assessed value of homesteads in the taxing jurisdiction (county, school district, city, borough, or township).[173]

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially greater than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.

Extracurriculars[edit]

Eastern York School District offers a wide variety of clubs, activities and an extensive, costly sports program. In June 2012, the district provided PIAA mandated sports physicals for a $15 fee. The District does not charge fee to participate in sports or other extracurriculars in 2012. Eastern York School District spent $68,709 for the transportation of sports teams in 2011-12. Countywide nearly $1 million was spent on transporting public school sports teams.[174] The total sports budget for the District in 2007-08 was $545,356 and grew to $645,541 in 2010-11. Collectively, York County public schools spent over $9 million on sports budgets (does not include facility costs) in 2011-12.[175]

Eligibility for participation is determined by the Eastern York School Board and in compliance with standards set by the Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association (PIAA).[176][177]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs, including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[178]

Sports[edit]

In February 2013, the Eastern York School Board approved (6-3) a plan to renovate the stadium field and track, including a poly-resin track and a synthetic turf field at an estimated cost of nearly $800,000. A school board member suggested that only "13 percent of the students will use the new field." [179]

The District funds:

Middle School Sports

According to PIAA directory July 2012 [180]

Intermediate Unit[edit]

Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency provides Eastern York Schools, district home schooled students and area private schools many services, including: Special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Special Education, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13-member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin July 1.[181] There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.

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Coordinates: 39°59′33″N 76°34′14″W / 39.99237°N 76.57058°W / 39.99237; -76.57058