Hellam Township, York County, Pennsylvania
Hellam Township, Pennsylvania
Wildcat Falls near the Susquehanna River in Hellam Township
|• Type||Board of Supervisors|
|• Total||28.23 sq mi (73.11 km2)|
|• Land||28.20 sq mi (73.05 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||212.64/sq mi (82.10/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Hellam Township is a township in York County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,043 at the 2010 census. Founded in 1739, it was the first township in the area, and it originally included the entirety of modern York and Adams counties. Fire department services are provided jointly by the Hellam and Wrightsville fire departments located in the boroughs of Hallam and Wrightsville.
The Mifflin House, an Underground Railroad site in the township dating to the 1700s, was used by the Mifflin family in the 19th century to "hide freedom-seekers and ferry them across the Susquehanna River on their way to Philadelphia." The house was sold into the Huber family in 1856, who sold it to the Blessing family in 1959. As of May 2017, the property was at risk of demolition for development of a business park. By December 2017, a funding campaign was started to help pay for a legal challenge to save the property, reportedly eligible to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In July 2018, a York County Court of Common Pleas judge ruled in favor of a township zoning officer's decision (and zoning hearing board's support) to deny a demolition permit for the house. The developer appealed the decision to the Commonwealth Court. In February 2019, township supervisors approved unanimously a subdivision plan that includes a two-year moratorium on development of more than 60 acres (240,000 m2) surrounding Mifflin House, to give preservationists time to raise enough money to save it.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 27.7 square miles (72 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.14%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,930 people, 2,395 households, and 1,726 families residing in the township. The population density was 214.3 people per square mile (82.7/km²). There were 2,538 housing units at an average density of 91.7/sq mi (35.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.81% White, 0.74% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.
There were 2,395 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the township the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $49,750, and the median income for a family was $55,700. Males had a median income of $40,000 versus $28,558 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,345. About 3.6% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
Hellam Township is served by the Eastern York School District. Students may also attend one of the Commonwealth's cyber charter schools at no additional cost to the family or student. The local school district pays the state set tuition fee to the cyber charter school that the student chooses to attend. By law, charter school students have access to all extracurriculars and sports programs at the local public school district. Alternatively, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania permits parents to home school their children or they may attend a private school.
- Keith J. Gillespie, state representative for District 47 since 2003
- Jon Witman, former football player with Penn State and the Pittsburgh Steelers
- John Wright, a colonial-era businessman who established Wright's Ferry and after whom the Wrightsville borough is named
- Hallam, Pennsylvania, including an origin of the name
- William C. Goodridge#Underground Railroad activism in York city
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Hellam township, York County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- National Park Service (July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Boeckel, Teresa; Sholtis, Brett (May 19, 2017). "Developer: No pact to save house". York Daily Record. pp. 1A, 5A.
- Lloyd, June (May 29, 2018). "Views from the Mifflin House in the 1890s". York Daily Record. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Boeckel, Teresa; Sholtis, Brett (March 29, 2017). "Underground Railroad site faces demolition". York Daily Record. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- Boeckel, Teresa (December 22, 2017). "Campaign hopes to raise $10,000 to save York County Underground Railroad house". York Daily Record. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- Boeckel, Teresa (July 20, 2018). "Judge rules in case of Underground RR house". York Daily Record. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Boeckel, Teresa (February 22, 2019). "Clock is ticking to preserve Underground Railroad site before it becomes a business park". York Daily Record. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Charter Schools, 2013