1941 Eccles rail crash
|Eccles rail crash 1941|
|Date||30 December 1941|
|Line||Liverpool to Manchester Line|
|Operator||London Midland and Scottish Railway|
|Cause||Signal passed at danger, fog, error in working practices|
|List of UK rail accidents by year|
A westbound train [a] passed danger signals in fog in the wartime blackout and collided at about 30 mph with an eastbound train [b] traversing a crossover. A major contributory cause was that the signalman had erroneously suspended "fog working", which would give greater distances between trains, due to a misunderstanding about whether fogmen were on duty. The fog was worsened by the nearby Manchester Ship Canal and visibility was as low as 10 yards.
An inquiry into the accident was opened on 7 January 1942.
At the conclusion of the Inquiry the Ministry of Transport Inspector blamed the signalman for the accident. The Rochdale train should not have been permitted to go towards the occupied junction, which was caused by the signalman not observing the block regulations and a confusion over which fogmen were on duty. The driver was also held partly to blame for his speed in low visibility conditions which would not allow him to observe the signals. The Inspector also noted that if the trains had been fitted with an automatic train control system, which had been recently trialled by the LMS in the London area, it would have prevented the collision in the fog.
- The 06:30 from Rochdale to Pennington
- The 06:53 from Kenyon Junction to Manchester Exchange
- Wilson, Major G R S (9 April 1942), Accident Report (PDF), Ministry of War Transport, retrieved 12 November 2008 (Poor-quality scanned typescript)
- "Inquiry into Train Collision". The Times (49128). London. 8 January 1942. p. 2.
- "Signalman was Confused - Blamed for Eccles train crash". Newcastle Evening Chronicle. 25 April 1942.
- "15 Killed and 100 Injured in Eccles Rail Crash". Manchester Evening News. 30 December 1941.