Eddie Kirkland, live in 2002
|Also known as||Eddie Kirk|
August 16, 1923|
|Died||February 27, 2011
Crystal River, Florida, United States
|Occupation(s)||Musician, singer, songwriter|
Kirkland, known as the "Gypsy of the Blues" for his rigorous touring schedules, played and toured with John Lee Hooker from 1949 to 1962. After his period of working in tandem with Hooker he pursued a successful solo career, recording for RPM Records, Fortune Records, Volt Records, and King Records, sometimes under the stage name Eddie Kirk. Kirkland continued to tour, write and record albums until his death in February 2011.
Kirkland was born in Jamaica to a mother, aged 11 (Kirkland was raised believing his mother was his sister), and first heard the blues from "field hollers", and raised in Dothan, Alabama until 1935, when he stowed away in the Sugar Girls Medicine Show tent truck and left town. Blind Blake was the one who influenced him the most in those early days. He was placed on the chorus line with "Diamond Tooth Mary" McLean. When the show closed a year later, he was in Dunkirk, Indiana where he briefly returned to school.
He joined the United States Army during World War II. It was racism in the military, he said, that led him to seek out the devil. After his discharge Kirkland traveled to Detroit where his mother had relocated. After a day's work at the Ford Rouge Plant, Kirkland played his guitar at house parties, and there he met John Lee Hooker. Kirkland, a frequent second guitarist in recordings from 1949–1962. "It was difficult playin' behind Hooker but I had a good ear and was able to move in behind him on anything he did."
Kirkland fashioned his own style of playing open chords, and transformed the rough, porch style delta blues into the electric age by using his thumb, rather than a guitar pick. He secured his own series of recordings with Sid Nathan of King Records in 1953, at Fortune Records in 1958 and, by 1961, on his own album It's the Blues Man, with the King Curtis Band for Prestige Records.
Kirkland became Hooker's road manager and the two traveled from Detroit to the Deep South on many tours, the last being in 1962 when Hooker abandoned Kirkland to go overseas. Kirkland found his way to Macon, Georgia and began performing with Otis Redding as his guitarist and band leader. As Eddie Kirk, he released "The Hawg" as a single on Volt Records in 1963. The record was overshadowed by Rufus Thomas's recordings, and Kirkland, discouraged by the music industry and his own lack of education to change the situation, turned to his other skill and sought work as an auto mechanic to earn a living for his growing family.
In 1970, one of the revivals of the blues was taking place. Peter B. Lowry found Kirkland in Macon and convinced him to record again. His first sessions were done in a motel room, resulting in the acoustic, solo LP Front and Center; his second was a studio-recorded band album, the funky The Devil... and other blues demons. Both were released on Lowry's Trix Records label. It was during the mid-1970s that Kirkland befriended the British blues-rock band, Foghat. Kirkland remained with Lowry, Trix, and was based in the Hudson Valley for twelve years. It was during this period that Kirkland appeared on Don Kirshner's Rock Concert with Muddy Waters, Honeyboy Edwards, and Foghat. These were also the years that Kirkland again energized his sound. "Eddie's thumb pick and fingers style give him freedom to play powerful chord riffs rich in rhythms and harmonic tension. He plays like a funky pianist, simultaneously covering bass lines, chord kick, and counterpoint."
1973 had Eddie playing at the Ann Arbor Blues and Jazz Festival, the last one in that location before going to Canada the following year. John Sinclair decided that they should salute Detroit blues musicians and had them play on the Saturday afternoon - Bobo Jenkins, Baby Boy Warren, One String Sam, Little Junior Cannaday, and Boogie Woogie Red.
The 1990s brought Randy Labbe as manager, booking agent and on his own record label, Deluge, recorded Kirkland. Three albums were produced during this Maine period, one live, one with a guest appearance from Hooker and one containing a duet with Christine Ohlman. By 2000, Kirkland was on his own again, always doing his own driving to concerts in his Ford County Squires, crossing the country several times a year. Labeled now as the Road Warrior, "A thickset, powerful man in the waistcoat and pants of a pin strip suit; red shirt, medallion, shades and a black leather cap over a bandanna, his heavy leather overcoat slung over his arm,.... he's already a Road Warrior par excellence."
Well into his eighties Kirkland continued to drive himself to gigs along the coast and in Europe, frequently playing with the Wentus Blues Band from Finland.
A documentary short entitled Pick Up the Pieces was made about a year in Eddie's life (2010) and it could be viewed on youtube.com up until Eddie's death when the family asked that it be removed. It followed Eddie's struggles as an uneducated African American trying to make it as a Blues musician and it chronicled his hard life that included taking three lives in self-defense, his stint in the armed forces resulting in an unfair discharge, his struggles with poverty, his many children (he claimed 73), and his love of music.
Kirkland died in a car accident on the morning of February 27, 2011 in Crystal River, Florida. At approximately 8:30 a.m. a bus hit Kirkland's car, a 1998 Ford Taurus wagon. Reportedly Kirkland attempted to make a U-turn on U.S. 98 and Oak Park Boulevard, putting him directly in the path of a Greyhound bus. The bus struck the vehicle on the right side and pushed it approximately 200 feet from the point of impact. Kirkland suffered serious injuries and was transported by helicopter to Tampa General Hospital, where he died a short time later. The bus driver and 13 passengers on the bus were not hurt.
Kirkland was survived by his wife, Mary, and nine children. He was predeceased by one child Betty, and his first wife Ida.
||This list (which may have dates, numbers, etc.) may be better in a sortable table format. (November 2012)|
|This section does not cite any sources. (September 2011)|
(Note: On some of the 1960s recordings Kirkland was billed as Eddie Kirk)
- It's Time for Lovin' to be Done (1952) as Little Eddie Kirkland
- That's All Right (1952) as Little Eddie Kirkland
- Please Don't Think I'm Nosey (1953)
- No Shoes (1953)
- Mistreated Woman (1953)
- I Need You Baby (1959)
- Done Somebody Wrong (1959)
- ??? (1961)
- ??? (1962)
- It's the Blues Man! (Tru-Sound Records, 1962)
- Let Me Walk With You (1964)
- Monkey Tonight (1964)
- Hog Killing Time (1964/65)
- Treat me The Way You Want (1964/65)
- The Hawg Pt. 1 (1965)
- The Hawg Pt. 2 (1965)
- Dem Bones (1965)
- I Found A New Love (1965)
- Front and Center (Trix Records, 1972) (1970)
- The Devil and Other Blues Demons (Trix Records, 1973) (1972)
- Pick Up The Pieces (1981) JSP
- Three Shades of Blue (1987)
- Have Mercy (Pulsar Records) reissued by (Evidence Records, 1988)
- All Around the World (Deluge Records, 1992)
- Some Like it Raw (Deluge, 1993)
- Where You Get Your Sugar (Deluge, 1995)
- Lonely Street (Telarc Records, 1997)
- Movin' On (JSP Records, 1999)
- Hastings Street Grease, Vol 1 (Blue Suit Records, 1998)
- The Complete Trix Recordings (1999) (32 Records)
- Hastings Street Grease, Vol 2 (Blue Suit Records, 1999)
- Democrat Blues (Blue Suit Records, 2004)
- The Way It Was (2005)
- Booty Blues (2006)(2005)
- Crash Boom Bang (2008)
- Foghat Last Train Home (2010)
- Ma-Me-O (2010)
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- "Eddie Kirkland". The Daily Telegraph (London). March 8, 2011.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues – From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 132. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Tom Yearshaw, "Eddie Kirkland...after the Festival". Original Blues Festival Guide: 2004. p. 58
- Jim O'Neal, "Dealing with the Devil at the Crossroads," Living Blues: Issue #183, Vol.37. #2, p. 104
- Steve Gronda, transcribed and edited by Bez Turner, "Eddie Kirkland, Detroit was flooded with the Blues". Juke Blues: Issue #4 Spring 1986.
- Eddie Kirkland at Allmusic
- Santelli, Robert (1993). The Big Book of Blues: a biographical encyclopedia. Penguin Books. 0-14-01-5939-8
- Chris McDermott, "Eddie Kirkland" Guitar Player : January 1994. p. 29
- Murray, Charles Shaar, (2000) Boogie Man : the adventures of John Lee Hooker in the American Twentieth Century. St. Martin's Press; 0-312-26563-8
- Zimmer, Beau (March 1, 2011). "Blues guitar legend Eddie Kirkland "Gypsy of the Blues" killed in Citrus County bus crash". WTSP. Retrieved 2013-02-26.