Edward Chaytor

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Sir Edward Walter Clervaux Chaytor
Major General Sir Edward Chaytor.jpg
Major General Sir Edward Chaytor
Nickname(s) Fiery Ted
Born (1868-06-21)21 June 1868
Motueka, New Zealand
Died 15 June 1939(1939-06-15) (aged 70)
London, England
Allegiance  New Zealand
Service/branch New Zealand Army
Years of service 1886–1924
Rank Major General
Commands held New Zealand Military Forces (1919–24)
ANZAC Mounted Division (1917–18)
New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (1915–17)
Wellington Military District (1910–14)
South Island Battalion (1902)
Battles/wars

Second Boer War
First World War

Awards Knight Commander of St Michael and St George
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Commander of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches (7)
Order of the Nile (Egypt)
Commander of the Order of the White Eagle (Serbia)

Major General Sir Edward Walter Clervaux Chaytor KCMG, KCVO, CB (21 June 1868 – 15 June 1939)[1] was a farmer, and a military commander of New Zealand troops in the Boer War and the First World War.

Early life[edit]

Born in Motueka, New Zealand, Chaytor was the son of John Clervaux Chaytor and his wife Emma, daughter of Edward Fearon. His paternal great-grandfather was the industrialist and politician Sir William Chaytor, 1st Baronet. He was educated at Nelson College from 1880 to 1884,[2] and was then a sheep farmer at Spring Creek near Blenheim.

Military career[edit]

In the Boer War Chaytor was a captain in the Third New Zealand Contingent and a lieutenant colonel in the Eighth New Zealand Contingent. After the Boer War Chaytor became a professional officer in the New Zealand Army. In the First World War he was in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in Egypt and Gallipoli. At the end of 1915 he was given command of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, which was part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and soon after was promoted to brigadier. In 1916 prior to the Battle of Romani he personally reconnoitred the Turkish position from an aircraft. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in the 1917 New Year Honours.[3]

In 1917, Chaytor took over the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division, and was promoted to major general. When taking part in the assault on Rafa he ignored Chetwode's order to withdraw from the attack and took the town's main defensive position. In 1918 Chaytor's Force captured Amman in Jordan and thousands of prisoners.

Later life[edit]

Chaytor was appointed Commandant of the New Zealand Military Forces in 1919 and in this role oversaw a major reorganisation of the Territorial Force. On the occasion of the royal visit by Edward, Prince of Wales to Australia and New Zealand, he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1920.[4] He retired from the military in 1924, being replaced as commandant by Major General Charles Melvill. He lived in London until his death on 15 June 1939.

He married Louisa Jane Collins, daughter of Charles Sweeney Collins, on 17 October 1898. Together they had three children. His daughter, Katherine, married Sir Robert Gooch, 11th Baronet.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography in DNZB retrieved 6th Dec 2010
  2. ^ Nelson College Old Boys' Register, 1856–2006, 6th edition
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29945. p. 1606. 13 February 1917. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32086. p. 9986. 15 October 1920. Retrieved 17 December 2015.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Alfred William Robin
Commandant of New Zealand Military Forces
December 1919 – March 1924
Succeeded by
Major General Charles Melvill
Preceded by
Major General Harry Chauvel
General Officer Commanding ANZAC Mounted Division
1917–1918
Succeeded by
Brigadier General Granville Ryrie