Edward O. Wolcott

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Edward Oliver Wolcott
Edward Oliver Wolcott.jpg
United States Senator
from Colorado
In office
March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1901
Preceded by Thomas M. Bowen
Succeeded by Thomas M. Patterson
Member of the Colorado Senate
In office
Personal details
Born (1848-03-26)March 26, 1848
Longmeadow, Massachusetts
Died March 1, 1905(1905-03-01) (aged 56)
Monte Carlo, Monaco
Resting place Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York
Political party Republican
Alma mater Yale University
Harvard Law School

Edward Oliver Wolcott (March 26, 1848 – March 1, 1905) was a prominent American politician during the 1890s, who served for 12 years as a Senator from the state of Colorado.

A native of Hampden County, Massachusetts, Wolcott moved to Ohio as a boy and served in the One Hundred and Fiftieth Regiment of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War. In 1875, he graduated from Harvard Law School and moved to Colorado where he set up a law practice. In the late 1890s and early 1900s, one of the partners in his practice was Charles W. Waterman, later a US Senator.[1]

In 1879, Wolcott moved to Denver, where he began his political career as a Colorado state senator (1879–1882). In 1889, he was chosen to represent Colorado in the U.S. Senate, as a member of the Republican Party. He was reelected in 1895, and was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1901, 1902 and 1903.

While in Washington, D.C., Wolcott was a leading advocate for the coinage of silver. In 1897, President McKinley named him chairman of the commission sent to Europe to report on international bimetallism. He was a popular host and guest in Washington society. He was chairman of the Committee on Civil Service (Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses), and Retrenchment Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-sixth Congresses).

In 1901, Wolcott was denied renomination to the Senate, which ended his political career. He once again took up the practice of law in Colorado, and maintained that practice until his death (which happened while he was on vacation in Monte Carlo). Wolcott's remains were cremated, and the ashes were interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in New York City.


  1. ^ Sketches of Colorado. 1. Denver, CO: Western Press Bureau Company. 1911. p. 167. 


United States Senate
Preceded by
Thomas M. Bowen
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Colorado
Served alongside: Henry M. Teller
Succeeded by
Thomas M. Patterson