52nd United States Congress

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52nd United States Congress
51st ← → 53rd
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1891 – March 4, 1893

Senate President: Levi P. Morton (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Charles F. Manderson (R)
House Speaker: Charles F. Crisp (D)
Members: 88 Senators
332 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: December 7, 1891 – August 5, 1892
2nd: December 5, 1892 – March 3, 1893

The Fifty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1891 to March 4, 1893, during the third and fourth years of Benjamin Harrison's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

TOTAL members: 88

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 332

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Levi P. Morton

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Senators are listed by Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1892; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1894; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1896.

House of Representatives[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
California
(1)
Vacant George Hearst died during previous congress.
Successor was elected.
Charles N. Felton (R) March 19, 1891
Maryland
(3)
Vacant Ephraim K. Wilson died during previous congress.
Successor was appointed and subsequently elected (January 21, 1892).
Charles H. Gibson (D) November 19, 1891
New York
(3)
Vacant Chose to finish his term as Governor of New York before being installed as U.S. Senator. David B. Hill (D) January 17, 1892
Texas
(1)
John H. Reagan (D) Resigned June 10, 1891.
Successor was appointed.
Horace Chilton (D) June 10, 1891
Vermont
(1)
George F. Edmunds (R) Resigned November 1, 1891.
Successor was appointed and subsequently elected (October 19, 1892).
Redfield Proctor (R) November 2, 1891
Kansas
(2)
Preston B. Plumb (R) Died December 20, 1891.
Successor was appointed.
Bishop W. Perkins (R) January 1, 1892
Texas
(1)
Horace Chilton (D) Successor was elected March 22, 1892. Roger Q. Mills (D) March 23, 1892
Virginia
(2)
John S. Barbour Jr. (D) Died May 14, 1892.
Successor was appointed and subsequently elected (December 20, 1893).
Eppa Hunton (D) June 10, 1891
Louisiana
(2)
Randall L. Gibson (D) Died December 15, 1892.
Successor was appointed and subsequently elected (May 23, 1894).
Donelson Caffery (D) December 31, 1892
West Virginia
(2)
John E. Kenna (D) Died January 11, 1893.
Successor was elected.
Johnson N. Camden (D) January 25, 1893
Kentucky
(2)
John G. Carlisle (D) Resigned February 4, 1893 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury.
Successor was elected.
William Lindsay (D) February 15, 1893

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 15
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 8
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 18
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor seated
New York 10th Francis B. Spinola (D) Died April 14, 1891 W. Bourke Cockran (D) November 3, 1891
Michigan 5th Melbourne H. Ford (D) Died April 20, 1891 Charles E. Belknap (R) November 3, 1891
Tennessee 2nd Leonidas C. Houk (R) Died May 25, 1891 John C. Houk (R) December 7, 1891
South Dakota At-large John R. Gamble (R) Died August 14, 1891 John L. Jolley (R) December 7, 1891
New York 22nd Leslie W. Russell (R) Resigned September 11, 1891 after being elected judge for the New York Supreme Court Newton M. Curtis (R) November 3, 1891
New York 12th Roswell P. Flower (D) Resigned September 16, 1891 to run for Governor of New York Joseph J. Little (D) November 3, 1891
New York 2nd David A. Boody (D) Resigned October 13, 1891 to run for Mayor of Brooklyn, New York Alfred C. Chapin (D) November 3, 1891
Virginia 8th William H. F. Lee (D) Died October 15, 1891 Elisha E. Meredith (D) December 9, 1891
Pennsylvania 24th Andrew Stewart (R) Election was successfully challenged February 26, 1892 Alexander K. Craig (D) February 26, 1892
Kentucky 10th John W. Kendall (D) Died March 7, 1892 Joseph M. Kendall (D) April 21, 1892
California 3rd Joseph McKenna (R) Resigned March 28, 1892 Samuel G. Hilborn (R) December 5, 1892
Texas 9th Roger Q. Mills (D) Resigned March 28, 1892 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Edwin Le Roy Antony (D) June 14, 1892
South Carolina 6th Eli T. Stackhouse (D) Died June 14, 1892 John L. McLaurin (D) December 5, 1892
Pennsylvania 24th Alexander K. Craig (D) Died July 29, 1892 William A. Sipe (D) December 5, 1892
Ohio 16th John G. Warwick (D) Died August 14, 1892 Lewis P. Ohliger (D) December 5, 1892
Maryland 1st Henry Page (D) Resigned September 3, 1892 to become judge for the Maryland Court of Appeals John B. Brown (D) November 8, 1892
New Jersey 7th Edward F. McDonald (D) Died November 5, 1892 Vacant until next Congress
New York 2nd Alfred C. Chapin (D) Resigned November 16, 1892 Vacant until next Congress
Massachusetts 6th Henry Cabot Lodge (R) Resigned March 3, 1893 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Vacant until next Congress
Wisconsin 4th John L. Mitchell (D) Resigned March 3, 1893 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Vacant until next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]