52nd United States Congress

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52nd United States Congress
51st ← → 53rd
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1891 – March 4, 1893

Senate President: Levi P. Morton (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Charles F. Manderson (R)
House Speaker: Charles F. Crisp (D)
Members: 88 Senators
332 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

1st: December 7, 1891 – August 5, 1892
2nd: December 5, 1892 – March 3, 1893

The Fifty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1891 to March 4, 1893, during the third and fourth years of Benjamin Harrison's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.


Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


TOTAL members: 88

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 332


President of the Senate
Levi P. Morton


House of Representatives[edit]


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


President pro tempore
Charles F. Manderson

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1892; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1894; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1896.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House
Charles F. Crisp

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 15
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 8
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 18



House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]