February 8, 1835|
James City County, Virginia
|Died||March 10, 1915
York County, Virginia
|Place of burial||Cheesecake Cemetery
Charles Corner, York County, Virginia
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1864–1867|
|Unit||38th Regiment United States Colored Troops|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Edward Ratcliff (February 8, 1835 – March 10, 1915) was an African American Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.
Born as a slave, he was freed when the Union Army took Yorktown. By September 29, 1864, Ratcliff was serving as a First Sergeant in Company C of the 38th Regiment U.S. Colored Troops. On that day, his unit participated in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm in Virginia, and it was for his actions during the battle that he was awarded the Medal of Honor six months later, on April 6, 1865.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and Organization:
- First Sergeant, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and Date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Birth: James County, Va. Date of Issue: April 6, 1865.
- Commanded and gallantly led his company after the commanding officer had been killed; was the first enlisted man to enter the enemy's works.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: Q–S
- List of African American Medal of Honor recipients
- Melvin Claxton and Mark Puls, Uncommon valor : a story of race, patriotism, and glory in the final battles of the Civil War, (Wiley, 2006) (ISBN 0471468231)
- "Edward Ratcliff". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- ""Civil War Medal of Honor citations" (S-Z): Ratcliff, Edward". AmericanCivilWar.com. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- "Medal of Honor website (M-Z): Ratcliff, Edward". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
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