Eisenia andrei

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Eisenia andrei
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Order: Opisthopora
Family: Lumbricidae
Genus: Eisenia
E. andrei
Binomial name
Eisenia andrei
Bouché, 1972 [1]
  • Eisenia fetida andrei

Eisenia andrei is a close relative of the 'brandling' or 'tiger' worm Eisenia fetida. Like E. fetida, it is epigeic, i.e. it prefers to live in compost or leaf litter rather than mineral soils.

It can be distinguished from E. fetida as it is darker in colour, and the characteristic stripes are less pronounced. Although its status as a separate species was fully confirmed in the mid-1980s by molecular analyses (based on electrophoresis of protein isoforms), E. andrei is still often misidentified and confused with E. fetida.[2] The muscles of the Eisenia andrei embryos appear in groups of at least two distinct muscles that cross the ventral midline and initially reach towards the lateral side of the embryo.[3]


  1. ^ "Eisenia andrei". Fauna Europaea. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
  2. ^ Otomo, Laetitia Voua; Otomo, Patricks Voua; Bezuidenhout, Carlos C.; Maboeta, Mark S. (December 2013). "Molecular Assessment of Commercial and Laboratory Stocks of Eisenia Spp. (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) from South Africa". African Invertebrates. 54 (2): 499–511. doi:10.5733/afin.054.0220. hdl:10520/EJC146905. S2CID 55707661.
  3. ^ Hunnekuhl, Vera S.; Bergter, Annette; Purschke, Günter; Paululat, Achim (September 2009). "Development and embryonic pattern of body wall musculature in the crassiclitellate Eisenia andrei (Annelida, Clitellata)". Journal of Morphology. 270 (9): 1122–1136. doi:10.1002/jmor.10749. PMID 19378268. S2CID 33637129.