Eklavya Model Residential School
Ekalavya Model Residential School (EMRS) is a Government of India scheme for model residential school for Indian tribals (Scheduled Tribes, ST) across India. It was established by the Tribal Ministry, Government of India.
The government gives one time Rs 30 lakh grant for establishing the school, thereafter up to Rs. 30 lakh per school annually. Additional cost is borne by state governments. By 2007, 72 Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) were established in tribal areas across India, including highest 10 in Orissa, followed by 8 each in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat,West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states .
In the context of the trend of establishing quality residential schools for the promotion of education in all areas and habitations in the country, the Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) for ST students take their place
a) Comprehensive physical, mental and socially relevant development of all students enrolled in each and every EMRS. Students will be empowered to be change agent, beginning in their school, in their homes, in their village and finally in a larger context.
b) Focus differentially on the educational support to be made available to those in Standards XI and XII, and those in standards VI to X, so that their distinctive needs can be met,
c) Support the annual running expenses in a manner that offers reasonable remuneration to the staff and upkeep of the facilities.
d) Support the construction of infrastructure that provides education, physical, environmental and cultural needs of student life.
Structure of EMRC
a) Admission to these schools will be through selection/competition with suitable provision for preference to children belonging to Primitive Tribal Groups, first generation students, etc.
b) Sufficient land would be given by the State Government for the school, play grounds, hostels, residential quarters, etc., free of cost.
c) The number of seats for boys and girls will be equal.
d) In these schools, education will be entirely free.
e) Every class can have maximum 60 students preferably in 2 sections of 30 students each and the total sanctioned strength of the school will be 480 students.
f) At the Higher Secondary level (class XI & XII), there will be three sections per class for the three streams in Science, Commerce & Humanities. The maximum sanctioned strength of the each section may be 30 students. In case of short fall in a section, ST students from other schools may be admitted as per procedure mentioned at above para (a).
Recruitment of Staff
The fund for the school is provided by the government/private donations to the DM of the district directly. The recruitment is done by submitting application to the DM whenever there is vacancy in a prescribed format.
Pay scale: – For Principal: Rs.15000/- per month
For Post Graduate / Honours Graduate Assistant Teacher: Rs.14000/- per month
Age Limits: between 18yrs to 38yrs as on 01/01/2012. Upper age relaxation for OBC—3yrs; SC/ST—5yrs. Others—as per norms.
Desirable Qualification (All posts): Degree in Teaching or Education from any recognized university is desirable.
Tenure of position : All Teaching and Non-teaching staff including principal should be on temporary contract( 12 months). As per the Eklavya scheme The engagement to the post of teaching and non-teaching staff including principal will be on temporary basis for One year at Ekalavya Model Residential School. The contract is subjected to extend in increment of 12 months as per the rules. The teachers are subjected to termination at any point of time if they do not abide by the terms and conditions of school organizing body.
Recruitment Process : As the recruitment body is local administration. The applications should address to The DM/The District Informatics Officer/The Chairman, Municipality. There will be direct face to face interview by the school local organizing body.
Location of EMRC
Seven ‘Eklavya Model Residential Schools’ are functioning in the State in the Districts : (1) Bankura (2) Purulia (3) Burdwan (4) Paschim Medinipur and (5) Jalpaiguri (6) Birbhum (7) Dakshin Dinajpur
with funds from Government of India and the State Government. Two new EMRS at Bolepur (Birbhum) and Buniadpur (Dakshin Dinajpur) have started functioning in this academic year 2013-14.
Each school has a capacity of 420 students. At present total no. of students are 2072. The students who are admitted in these schools are provided with scholarships, free food and lodging etc.
The following items may particularly be included in the lay-out of the Eklavya Model Residential School.
· Sufficient no. of class rooms.
· Teachers resource room/computer lab.
· Students computer lab/language room
· Science laboratory
· General purpose hall/ Recreation Room/ Auditorium (can be combined with dining space)
· Infirmary/ sick room
· Housing for teachers, security and supporting staff
· Well ventilated dormitories
· Assured/ reliable water supply
· Office Room for hostel warden
· Courtyard/verandah for washing and drying clothes
· Recreation/common room/covered courtyard for rainy season activities
· Rainwater harvesting
· Reliable sewage system
· Openable/cleanable nets on doors and windows to keep out mosquitoes/insects.
Ø Solar water heating
Ø Kitchen garden and compost pit
Ø Kitchen utensil washing area
Ø Multipurpose area-covered verandah attached to kitchen
· Housing for wardens, security and supporting staff (in case of proposals relating to Ashram Schools)
· Outdoor areas
Ø Compound wall
Ø Area for plantation of nutritional fruit trees
Ø Garden and small shed
Ø Toilets for workers/visitors
Ø Electrical control room
Ø Underground tanks, pump house
Ø Sewage treatment plant
Ø Security cabin/guard room
· The entire school building including library, laboratories and toilets should be accessible to children with disabilities.
Building And Design Layout
(i) The land allocation for each school should be 20 acres of which up to 3.5 acres may be used for the construction purposes. The remaining area must be maintained properly and a reasonable portion may be earmarked for sports/ games.
(ii) The plan of the school must indicate a layout of the compound, including the kitchen, vegetable garden and plantation (fruits and nutritional trees like drumsticks (moringa/Sahjan), citrus) areas. States/UTs are encouraged to use fuel saving or renewable energy technologies in the school by availing of the schemes of the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy.
(iii) The design of the EMRS must take certain essential components into account as well as local, environmental characteristics. A list of suggested essential components is at Annexure.
iv) The norms and standards of a school in respect of ‘Building’ as laid down in the Schedule to the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009, shall be strictly ensured.
Cost and Budget
(i) Capital Cost (non-recurring)
The capital cost for the school complex, including hostels and staff quarters will now be Rs. 12.00 crore with a provision to go up to Rs.16.00 crore in hill areas, deserts and islands. Any escalation will have to be met by State Government/UT.
(ii) Recurring Cost
Recurring cost during the first year for schools would be @ Rs. 42000/- per child. This may be raised by 10% every second year to compensate for inflation etc.
(iii) For procurement of essential, non-recurring items like furniture/equipment including for the kitchen, dining, hostel, recreation, garden etc. @ Rs.10 lakh per school - will be allowed once in every 5 years, allowing for inflation.
(iv) The annual budget for recurring expenditure shall be formulated and placed before the Management Committee for approval at the end of the each financial year for the next year. The rates for calculation of recurring costs may be based on the prevailing rates sanctioned for the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya from time to time.
(v) The amount under recurring cost, due to each functioning EMRS, would be released by the State/UT Government to the bank account of the EMRS. The bank account of each EMRS for this purpose may be opened jointly in the name of the Principal of the EMRS and any Member of the Management Committee who is also a Government official.
- Patnaik, Nageshwar (1 February 2011). "Naveen demands central help to tackle Naxal menace". The Economic Times. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Orissa seeks long term plan to solve Kandhamal problem". The Hindu News. 18 November 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Eklavya model residential schools for tribal students". Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Press Information Bureau. 13 March 2007. Retrieved 2014-09-28.