|Commune and town|
Location of El Allia commune within Ouargla Province
|District||El Hadjira District|
|• Total||6,589 km2 (2,544 sq mi)|
|Elevation||118 m (387 ft)|
|• Density||1.1/km2 (3.0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
El Allia (Arabic: اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ) is a town and commune in El Hadjira District, Ouargla Province, Algeria. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 7,509, up from 6,530 in 1998, and an annual growth rate of 1.4%.
El Allia lies about halfway between the two main cities in the province, Touggourt and Ouargla. Vegetation (mostly consisting of palm groves in the area) is supported by groundwater, as most of the surface is usually dry. The landscape in the area is a mix of barren rocky plains and sand dunes.
Like other towns in the Sahara, El Allia has a hot desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters, and little precipitation year-round. Temperatures may reach as high as 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and as low as 6 °C (43 °F) in winter.
El Hadjira is on the provincial road W33 which connects the N3 highway to the east to Berriane (in Ghardaia Province) to the west. El Hadjira, the district capital is nearby on the road to the west and El Guerrara (in Ghardaia Province) is on the road to the west. The N3 then connects to Touggourt to the north and Hassi Messaoud to the south. Another local road leads south from El Hadjira to N'Goussa and the provincial capital Ouargla.
The commune is composed of 12 localities:
- El Allia-centre
- Hassi Daoula
- El Mourgui
- El Mehila
- "Official website of the province of Ouargla - El Allia" (in Arabic). Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- "Population: Ouargla Wilaya" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1551. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013. Check date values in: