William Fogg Library, c. 1919
|• Type||Town Meeting|
|• Board of Selectmen||Robert Pomerleau(2018)
Stephen Beckert (2018)
|• Total||21.32 sq mi (55.22 km2)|
|• Land||19.78 sq mi (51.23 km2)|
|• Water||1.54 sq mi (3.99 km2)|
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||6,243|
|• Density||313.7/sq mi (121.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582464|
Originally part of the Piscataqua Plantation (renamed Kittery in 1647) called Sturgeon Creek in the 1630-40s, it became the North, or Second, Parish of Kittery in 1713 following the incorporation of Berwick. On March 1, 1810, Eliot became a town. Prior to its incorporation as a town, the Second Parish had been in conflict with Kittery's other parishes since at least 1791. In 1791, the parish's minister died. His successor, according to a large faction of the parish's inhabitants, was a man of "unfair character" imposed by "a small party" of people. He was rejected by "a large majority", and a new minister was installed in 1792. The internal strife between inhabitants didn't stop there.
The minority faction, angered by the removal of their minister, "petitioned the Legislature in...1796 to be set off to the third parish, which was accordingly done." The inhabitants of the second Parish accused the members of the other two of conspiring against them.
The town was either named after Robert Eliot, who was a member of the Provincial Council of New Hampshire, or for Reverend John Eliot of Boston, a friend of General Andrew P. Fernald, the town agent largely responsible for its separation.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.32 square miles (55.22 km2), of which, 19.78 square miles (51.23 km2) of it is land and 1.54 square miles (3.99 km2) is water. Eliot is drained by Sturgeon Creek and the Piscataqua River.
See also: South Eliot, Maine As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $52,606, and the median income for a family was $63,598. Males had a median income of $44,205 versus $30,530 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,403. About 5.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,204 people, 2,509 households, and 1,783 families residing in the town. The population density was 313.7 inhabitants per square mile (121.1/km2). There were 2,669 housing units at an average density of 134.9 per square mile (52.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.
There were 2,509 households of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.9% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the town was 45.4 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.3% were from 25 to 44; 36.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.
Sites of interest
- Green Acre
- Raitt Homestead Farm Museum
- Frost Garrison and House, Frost’s Hill (See Charles Frost (military officer))
- Paul Family Farm, 106 Depot Road
- Fogg House
Voter Registration: 29.72% Republican. 27.27% Democrat. 2.01% Green Independent. 41.00% Un-enrolled.
State Representative: Roberta Beavers (2016) (D) State Senator: Dawn Hill (2016) (D) US Representative: Chellie Pingree (2016) (D)
Education SAD35 (Eliot and South Berwick)
- Eliot Elementary School
- Central School
- Great Works School
- Marshwood Middle School
- Marshwood High School
- Tidewater School (private)
- Shem Drowne, coppersmith, America's first documented weathervane maker
- Moses Gerrish Farmer, inventor
- John Fremont Hill, state congressmen and US senator, 45th governor of Maine (1901–1905)
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 117–118.
- Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Eliot, Boston: Russell
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.