Elmo, Texas

Coordinates: 32°43′19″N 96°09′54″W / 32.72194°N 96.16500°W / 32.72194; -96.16500
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Elmo, Texas
Elmo is located in Texas
Elmo is located in the United States
Coordinates: 32°43′19″N 96°09′54″W / 32.72194°N 96.16500°W / 32.72194; -96.16500
CountryUnited States
 • Total4.48 sq mi (11.60 km2)
 • Land4.11 sq mi (10.65 km2)
 • Water0.37 sq mi (0.95 km2)
512 ft (156 m)
 • Total768
 • Density187/sq mi (72.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code972
FIPS code48-23356
GNIS feature ID1335410

Elmo is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Kaufman County, Texas, United States. It is located on U.S. Highway 80, 6 miles (10 km) east of Terrell and 13 miles (21 km) northeast of Kaufman, the county seat. The population was 768 at the 2010 Census.[1]


Elmo's history begins in 1870 when the Texas and Pacific Railway laid track through the area. A community sprang up at the railhead, and it was decided that the new town be named to honor Elmo Scott, a T&P Railroad surveyor. Elmo received a post office in 1873 and by the mid-1880s possessed several mills, five churches, its own schools and approximately 900 residents. Through the remainder of the 19th century, however, the population fell and by 1945 only 150 people called Elmo home. By 1990 this figure had fallen to 90; it remained at this level through to the 2000 Census.[2]

In 1892, Elmo residents adopted a resolution declaring a sundown town, prohibiting African Americans from living there and forcing existing black residents to leave.[3]

Notable person[edit]

  • Henry Qualls (July 8, 1934 – December 7, 2003) was an American Texas and country blues guitarist and singer. He found success late in his life after being "discovered" in 1993 by the Dallas Blues Society. He released his only album in 1994, but toured globally, playing at a number of festivals. Qualls was born in Elmo and lived all his life in the community.[4][5]


  1. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Elmo CDP, Texas". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  2. ^ Robert Richard Butler, History of Kaufman County, Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940). Mabel Covington Keller, History of Kaufman County, Texas (M.A. thesis, North Texas State College, 1950).
  3. ^ "Color Line at Elmo". San Saba County News. San Saba County, Texas. July 22, 1892. Reprinted in "The Race Feeling in Texas". Weekly Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. August 1, 1892. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com. The following resolutions were adopted by the citizens of Elmo precinct at a mass meeting called together with a view of discouraging the immigration of negroes into the settlement and removing the obnoxious citizens of color already in the precinct. ... 'Resolved, that it is the judgment of this meeting that no negro immigrant be given any home in our midst, and that the objectionable ones be peaceably, quietly and lawfully removed from us as soon as the present crop is harvested. ...'
  4. ^ "Henry Qualls | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  5. ^ Thor Christensen. "Henry Qualls: East Texas country-blues singer found success late in life". The Dallas Morning News.

External links[edit]