Erechtites hieraciifolius

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Erechtites hieraciifolius
Erechtites hieracifolia2.jpg
photo taken in Tokyo, Japan
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Tribe:
Genus:
Species:
E. hieraciifolius
Binomial name
Erechtites hieraciifolius
(L.) Raf. ex DC.
Synonyms[2]

Erechtites hieraciifolius (fireweed, American burnweed, or pilewort) is a plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is native to the Americas,[3] but can be found many places around the world having been introduced by human activity.[4] It is introduced in Hawaii, China, and Southeast Asia.[5][6]

Description[edit]

Erechtites hieraciifolius is an annual herb with alternate, simple leaves, on thick, green stems. The leaves are serrated, and range from unlobed to deeply lobed, with the lobe pattern superficially resembling wild lettuces, which are in the same family but not closely related. When crushed, all parts of the species smell unpleasant. The flower heads are yellow or pink, borne in fall. The heads are followed by cluster of small, wispy achenes. The plant often branches and grows in a clump with multiple stems.[3]

Ecology[edit]

This species benefits from fire, and is often one of the earliest pioneer species of areas that have recently burned, hence some of its common names. It prefers moist sites but can handle gravelly soil and some degree of dry conditions. It also grows well in urban areas and around humans.[3]

The flowers are pollinated primarily by wasps. The seeds are wind-dispersed, and are used as a minor food source by birds.[5]

Varieties[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) see sections 60C.1 and 60G.1
  2. ^ a b The Plant List, Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.
  3. ^ a b c "Erechtites hieraciifolius (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex de Candolle". Flora of North America.
  4. ^ "Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC". Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER).
  5. ^ a b United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for Erechtites hieraciifolia
  6. ^ Flora of China, 梁子菜 liang zi cai, Erechtites hieraciifolius (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Candolle

External links[edit]