Erich Kästner (World War I veteran)

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For other persons named Erich Kästner, see Erich Kästner (disambiguation).
Erich Kästner
Erich Kästner (World War I veteran).jpg
Born (1900-03-10)10 March 1900
Leipzig-Schönefeld, Germany
Died 1 January 2008(2008-01-01) (aged 107)
Cologne, Germany
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Nazi Germany (to 1945)
Service/branch Königlich-Sächsische Armee
Years of service July 1918 – November 1918
1939–1945
Rank Private (WWI)
Major (WWII)
Unit Sonder-Bataillon Hauck (WWI)
Luftwaffe (WWII)
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Lower Saxony Merit Cross
Other work Judge

Erich Kästner (10 March 1900 – 1 January 2008) was the last documented World War I veteran who fought for the German Empire (including all nationalities and ethnic groups) and the last who was born in Germany. Consequently he was the last Central Powers combatant of the Western Front. He was also the second oldest man in Germany. However, he was not the last veteran living in Germany. Franz Künstler was an ethnic German who was born in and fought for the Austro-Hungarian Empire, migrating to Germany in 1946 and subsequently becoming a German citizen.

Born in Leipzig-Schönefeld in 1900, Kästner joined the German Army in July 1918, in the "Sonder-Bataillon Hauck" (unsure information[1]), and served on the Western Front in Flanders. He rejoined the military in 1939 and during the Second World War was a Major serving as ground support for the Luftwaffe, mostly in France.[2]

Kästner earned a doctorate degree in law from University of Jena in 1924 with a dissertation on Das landwirtschaftliche Pachtwesen und die Pachtschutzordnung unter besonderer Beleuchtung der Verhältnisse des früheren Großherzogtums Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach[3] (The agricultural leasehold system and the Leasehold Protection Act with special regard to the situation in the former Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach). He subsequently worked as a judge at the Higher Regional Court (Oberlandesgericht), for which work he was awarded the Lower Saxony Merit Cross, 1st Class.[2] Kästner was also honored by Germany's president because of his 75-year marriage with his wife Maria, who died in 2003 at the age of 102, soon after the celebration.[2] Both had lived in Hannover since 1945. Some months before his death, he moved to a retirement home in Pulheim near Cologne.[1]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hans Michael Kloth, Der leise Tod des letzten Veteranen (Der Spiegel online, 24 January 2008)
  2. ^ a b c David Rising, AP, Last German World War I veteran dies (Yahoo News, 25 January 2008)
  3. ^ Erich Kästner: Das landwirtschaftliche Pachtwesen und die Pachtschutzordnung unter besonderer Beleuchtung der Verhältnisse des früheren Großherzogtums Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach. Dissertation, University of Jena, Faculty of Law and Economy, 1924. German National Library:

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